Zoea [Pachygrapsus transversus]
¥ Number of stages in the zoeal phase: 11.
¥ Morphological characters of first zoea [Table 9 First zoeae of Grapsidae]:
Antennal endopod rudimentary compared to antennal protopod.
Carapace with knob-like lateral spines.
Maxilla (mx2) endopod setation: 2, 2.
First maxilliped (mxp1) basipod setation: 2, 2, 2, 2.
First maxilliped (mxp1) endopod setation: 1, 2, 1, 2, 5.
Megalopa [no illustration available]
¥ Number of stages in the megalopal phase: 1.
¥ Morphological characters of megalopa [Table 19 Mgp Pinnotheridae Grapsidae Gecarcinidae Ocypodidae]:
Rostrum short, ventrally defelcted.
Maxillule (mx1) endopod without setae.
Maxilla (mx2) endopod without setae.
First maxilliped (mxp1) epipod with 12-14 setae.
Third maxilliped (mxp3) epipod with 40+ setae.
Larval stages described by Cuesta and Rodrigues, 1994; Flores et al., 1998.
Geographical distribution of adult
Occidental Atlantic: Bermuda, North Carolina to Florida, Gulf of Mexico, The West Indies, northern South America, Brazil (Trindade Island, Ceará to Rio Grande do Sul) and Uruguay
Oriental Atlantic: Cape Verde Island to Angola, Mediterranean Sea
Oriental Pacific: California to Peru.
Depth range of adult