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Alvariño A. 1981. Siphonophorae. In "Atlas del Zooplancton del Atlántico Sudoccidental y métodos de trabajo con el zooplancton marino" (D. Boltovskoy, ed.), Public. Esp. Inst. Nac. Inv. Desarrollo Pesq., Mar del Plata, pp. 383-441.

Bigelow H.B. 1911. The Siphonophorae. Mem. Mus. Compar. Zool., Harvard Coll., 38:173-402.

Bouillon J., Boero F., Cicogna F., Gili J.-M., Hughes R.G. 1992. Non-Siphonophoran Hydrozoa: what are we talking about? Scientia Marina, 56:279-284.

Bouillon J. 1985a. Essai de classification des Hydropolypes - Hydroméduses (Hydrozoa-Cnidaria). Indo-Malayan Zool., 2:29-243.

Bouillon J. 1995. Classe des Hydrozoaires. In “Traitéde Zoologie”, 3(2) (P.P. Grassé, D. Doumenc, eds.), Masson, Paris, pp. 29-416.

Kirkpatrick P.A., Pugh P.R. 1984. Siphonophores and Velellids. Synopses of the British Fauna (New Series), 29, Linnean Society of London and Estuarine and Coastal Sciences Association, pp. 1-154.

Totton A.K. 1954. Siphonophora of the Indian Ocean together with systematic and biological notes on related specimens from other oceans. Discovery Rep., 27:1-162.

Totton A.K. 1965. A Synopsis of the Siphonophora. British Mus. Natur. Hist., London, pp. 1-230.

Phylum Cnidaria