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Bone, Q. (ed.), 1998. The biology of pelagic tunicates. Oxford University Press, Oxford. 340 pp.

Bückmann, A. and H. Kapp, 1975. Taxonomic characters used for the distinction of species of Appendicularia. Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut, 72: 201-228.

Bückmann, A., 1949. Tunicata, Appendicularia, I-III. Fiches d'Identification du Zooplancton, 7 (1945). Conseil International pour l'Exploration de la Mer, Kopenhagen.

Fenaux, R., 1967. Les appendiculaires des mers d'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen, 2. Masson et Cie., Paris. 116 pp., 57 figs.

Fenaux, R., 1998. The classification of Appendicularia. In: Q. Bone (ed.), 1998. The biology of pelagic tunicates. Oxford University Press, Oxford. pp 295-306.

Flood, P.R. and D. Deibel, 1998. The appendicularian house. In: Q. Bone (ed.), 1998. The biology of pelagic tunicates. Oxford University Press, Oxford. pp 105-124.

Fraser, J.H., 1981. British pelagic tunicates. Synopses of the British Fauna (New Series), No. 20. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 57 pp.

Lohmann, H., 1896. Die Appendicularien der Plankton-Expedition. Ergebnisse der Plankton-Expedition der Humbolt- Stiftung 1889. Bd. 2, EC. Verlag Lipsius und Tischer, Leipzig. pp 1-148, 20 plates, 3 maps.

Lohmann, H., 1931. Die Appendicularien der Deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition auf dem Dampfer "Valdivia" 1898-1899, 21(1): 1-158 (with 5 plates. Fisher Verlag, Jena.

Tokioka, T., 1960. Studies on the distribution of appendicularians and some thaliaceans of the North Pacific, with some morphological notes. Publ. Seto. Mar. Biol. Lab., 8(2): 351-443.

Wyatt, T., 1973. The biology of Oikopleura dioica and Fritillaria borealis in the Southern Bight. Marine Biology, 22: 1378-158.

Fritillaria borealis