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Båmstedt, U., J.H. Fosså, M.B. Martinussen and A. Fosshagen, 1998. Mass occurrence of the physonect siphonophore Apolemia uvaria (Lesueur) in Norwegian waters. Sarsia, 83: 79-85.

Bigelow, H.B, 1911. The Siphonophorae. Reports of the scientific research expedition to the tropical Pacific "Albatross" XXIII. Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harv., 38(2): 173-402.

Kirkpatrick, P.A. and P.R. Pugh, 1984. Siphonophores and Velellids. Synopses of the British Fauna (New Series), No. 29. Brill/Backhuys, London.

Totton, A.K. and J.H. Fraser, 1957b. Siphonophora. Suborder: Physonectae. Families Various. Fiches d'Identification du Zooplancton, 62 (1955). Conseil International pour l'Exploration de la Mer, Kopenhagen.

Totton, A.K., 1965. A synopsis of the Siphonophora. British Museum (Natural History). London, 230 pp, 153 figs, 40 pls.

Apolemia uvaria