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Bainbridge, V., 1963. Continuous Plankton Records: Contributions towards a Plankton Atlas of the NE Atlantic and the North Sea, Part VIII: Chaetognatha. Bulletin of Marine Ecology, 6: 40-51.

Bone, Q., H. Kapp and A.C. Pierrot-Bults, 1991. The biology of chaetognaths. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Fraser, J.H., 1937. The distribution of Chaetognatha in Scottish waters during 1936 with notes on the Scottish indicator species. Journal of the Conseil international d'Exploration de la Mer, 12: 311-320.

Fraser, J.H., 1939. The distribution of Chaetognatha in Scottish waters in 1937. Journal of the Conseil international d'Exploration de la Mer, 14: 25-34.

Fraser, J.H., 1952. The Chaetognatha and other zooplankton of the Scottish area and their value as biological indicators of hydrographical conditions. Marine Research Scottish Home Department, 2: 3-54.

Möller, H.,1980. A summer survey of large zooplankton, particularly Scyphomedusae, in North Sea and Baltic. Meeresforschungen, 28(1): 61-68.

Pierrot-Bults, A.C. and K.C. Chidgey, 1988. Chaetognatha. Synopses of the British Fauna (New Series), No. 39. Brill/Backhuys, London.

Pierrot-Bults, A.C. and V.R. Nair, 1991. Distribution patterns in Chaetognatha. In: Q. Bone, H. Knapp and A.C. Pierrot-Bults (eds), The Biology of Chaetognaths. Oxford University Press, Oxford. pp 86-116.

Russell, F.S., 1949. Chaetognatha. Fiches d'Identification du Zooplancton, 1 (1939). Conseil International pour l'Exploration de la Mer, Kopenhagen.

Williams, R. and N.R. Collins, 1985. Chaetognaths and ctenophores in the holoplankton of the Bristol Channel. Marine Biology, 85(1): 97-107.

Phylum Chaetognatha