Home|Search|Identify|Taxonomic tree|Quiz|About this site|Feedback
Developed by ETI BioInformatics
Characteristics, distribution and ecology
Taxonomische classification
Synonyms and common names
Literature references
Images, audio and video
Links to other Web sites

(Ellis and Solander, 1786)


External appearance
Colonial, with zooids immersed. Colonies forming fleshy, rounded lobes, up to 100 mm in diameter. Common test semi-transparent, yellowish grey, with or without adhering sand. Numerous round and regular systems of zooids, each with a central common cloacal opening.

Zooids about 25 mm in length; body divided into thorax, abdomen and post-abdomen. Oral siphon 6-lobed; atrial siphon short with a broad languet. Branchial sac with eight to 20 rows of 30 or more straight stigmata. Gut abdominal; stomach with rounded papillae or markings. Gonads located below gut loop in post-abdomen (S. pulmonaria zooid).

Attached to hard substrata; from shallow water to depths of about 600 meters.

Arctic-Boreal distribution.

Synoicum pulmonaria