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Ackers, R.G., D. Moss, B.E. Picton and S.M.K. Stone, 1985. Sponges of the British Isles ("Sponge IV"). I. Marine Conservation Soc., Ross on Wye, U.K.: 1-107.

Ackers, R.G.A., D. Moss and B.E. Picton, 1992. Sponges of the British Isles ("Sponge V"), a colour guide and working document. Marine Conservation Society, 175 pp.

Arndt, W., 1935. Porifera. Tierwelt Nord.-Ostsee, IIIa: 1-140, figs. 1-239.

Boury-Esnault, N., M. Pansini and M.J. Uriz, 1994. Spongiaires bathyaux de la mer d'Alboran et du golfe ibéro-marocain. Mém. Mus. nation. Hist. nat., 160 (Zool.): 1-174.

Bowerbank, J.S., 1866. A monograph of the British Spongiadae, II. Ray Society, London: i-xx, 1-388.

Bowerbank, J.S., 1874. A monograph of the British Spongiadae, III. Ray Society, London: i-xvii, 1-367, pls. I-XCII.

Bruce, J.R., J.S. Colman and N.S. Jones, 1963. Marine fauna of the Isle of Man and its surrounding seas. L.M.B.C. Memoirs, 36. 307 pp. (sponges: 42-47).

Burton, M., 1931 [1932]. The Porifera of the Isle of Man. Lancashire Sea Fisheries Lab. Rept., 1931: 167-169.

Burton, M., 1957. Plymouth Marine Fauna. 3rd ed. Porifera. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K.: 26-36.

Descatoire, A., 1969a. Peuplements sessiles de l' Archipel de Glénan. I. Inventaire: Spongiaires. Vie Milieu, (B) 20(1,B): 177-210.

Descatoire, A., 1969b. Les peuplements sessiles de l'Archipel de Glénan de l'infralittoral rocheux. II. Notes systématiques à propos de l'inventaire des spongiaires. Vie Milieu, (A) 20 (1, A): 9-30.

Ellis, J. and D. Solander, 1786. Natural history of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes collected from various parts of the Globe. Benjamin White and Son, London, 206 pp, 63 pls.

Ellis, J., 1766. On the nature and formation of sponges. Phil. Trans., 55: 280-289.

Gray, J.E., 1867. Notes on the arrangement of sponges, with the description of some new genera. Proc. zool. Soc. London, 1867: 492-558, 2 pls.

Higgin, T., 1886. Report on the Porifera of the L.M.B.C. District. 1st. Rept.Fauna Liverpool Bay: 72-94.

Hiscock, K., S.M.K. Stone and J.D. George, 1983 (1984). The marine fauna of Lundy. Porifera (Sponges). Rep. Lundy Fld. Soc., 34: 16-35.

Könnecker, G., 1973. Littoral and benthic investigations on the west coast of Ireland-I. (Section A: Faunistic and ecological studies). The sponge fauna of Kilkieran Bay and adjacent waters. Proc. roy. Irish Acad., 73 (B): 451-472.

Montagu, G., 1818. An essay on sponges, with descriptions of all the species that have been discovered on the coast of Great Britain. Mem. Werner nat. Hist. Soc., 2 (1): 67-122, pls. III-XVI.

Norman, A.M., 1869. Notes on a few Hebridean sponges and on a new Desmacidon from Jersey. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 3: 296-299.

Soest, R.W.M. van, J.D. Guiterman and M. Sayer, 1981. Sponges from Roaringwater Bay and Lough Ine. J. Sherkin Isl., 1 (2): 35-49.

Solórzano, M.R. and C.R. Babio, 1979. Adiciones a la fauna marina de Galicia, I. Demosponjas. Bol. Inst. Esp. Ocean., 5: 43-68.

Stephens, J., 1912. Marine Porifera of the Clare Island Survey. Proc. roy. Irish Acad., 31 (59): 1-41.

Stephens, J., 1915. Sponges of the coast of Ireland. 1.-The Triaxonida and part of the Tetraxonida. Fisheries Ireland, Sci. Investigations, 1914, IV [1915]: 1-43.

Templeton, R., 1836. A catalogue of the species of rayed animals found in Ireland, as selected from the papers of the late J. Templeton, Esq., of Cranmore, with notices of localities, and with some descriptions and illustrations (continued from p. 422, and concluded). Radiata. Mag. Nat. Hist., IX: 466-467

Topsent, E., 1891a. Essai sur la faune de spongiaires de Roscoff. Arch. Zool. expér. gén., (2) 9: 523-554.

Topsent, E., 1934a. Éponges observées dans les parages de Monaco. 1er partie. Bull. Inst. océanogr. Monaco, 650: 1-42.

Stelligera stuposa