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Status in World Register of Marine Species

Accepted name: Leucosolenia variabilis (Haeckel, 1870)

Scientific synonyms and common names

Regarded by Burton (1963: 173) as being one of several 'Named Forms' comprising Leucosolenia botryoides (Ellis and Solander, 1786: 190), the species which he accepted as valid for this whole complex.
Tentative synonymy (from Van Koolwijk, 1982 and Ackers et al., 1985, 1992):

Ascandra variabilis n.sp. Haeckel, 1870: 243; 1872, II: 106, III pl. 16 fig. 4, pl. 18; Arnesen, 1901a: 69; 1901b: 15.
?Leuconia somesii n.sp. Bowerbank, 1874: 334, pl. XCI figs. 6-17; 1882: 26.
Leucosolenia variabilis: Topsent, 1891a; 1894b: 7; 1899: 105; Minchin, 1905a: 373 (with additional synonyms); Stephens, 1912: 9; Farran, 1915: 29; Burton, 1930a: 488; Arndt, 1935: 9, fig. 11(with additional records); Dubosq and Tuzet, 1942: 402; Sarà, 1956; Burton, 1957: 26; Burton in Bruce et al., 1963: 42; Borojevic et al., 1968: 33; Descatoire, 1969a: 179; Cabioch, 1973: 5; Benito, 1976: 493; Rodriguez and Gondar, 1978: 22; Van Koolwijk, 1982: 90, fig. 1; 1983: 55, figs. 1-2; Van Soest, 1983: 29; Ackers et al., 1985: 49, fig. 26; Solórzano, 1991: 13; Ackers et al., 1985: 49, fig. 28; 1992: 51, photo 169; van Soest et al. 2007: 1739, table 1.
Ascandra complicata: Maitland, 1897: 55 (not L. complicata Haeckel, 1870)
Ascortis fabricii: Maitland, 1897: 55 (not L. fabricii Schmidt, 1870 =L. complicata)
Leucosolenia fabricii: Rousseau, 1902: 12 (not L. fabricii Schmidt, 1870 =L. complicata).
Leucsolenia complicata: Rousseau, 1902: 12 (not L. complicata Montagu, 1818).
Leucosolenia botryoides: Rousseau, 1902: 12; Burton, 1963: 173; Tendal, 1965: 97, fig. 2b; Van Soest, 1977: 264, pl. 1A-B; Van Soest, 1977a: S30, fig. 4; Van Soest et al., 1981: 37; ?Ackers, 1983: 162.
Leucosolenia botryoides var. variabilis: Topsent, 1936b: 33; Lévi, 1950b: 2.

Arndt (1935) gives the following additional synonyms:
Spongia confervicola
Ascandra corallorhiza
Ascandra tenuis
Grantia botryoides himantia
Ascortis corallorhiza
Sycorrhiza corallorhiza

Leucosolenia variabilis