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Status in World Register of Marine Species

Synonym of Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766)

Scientific synonyms and common names

Restricted synonymy:
Spongia panicea | n.sp. Pallas, 1766: 388; Linnaeus (Gmelin), 1791: 3823; Fleming, 1828: 520.
Spongia tomentosa | n.sp. Linnaeus, 1767: 1299; Linnaeus (Gmelin), 1791: 3821; Montagu, 1818: 99.
Spongia cristata | n.sp. Ellis and Solander, 1786: 186; Linnaeus (Gmelin), 1791: 3822; Montagu, 1818: 103; Templeton, 1836: 470.
Spongia tubulosa | n.sp. Ellis and Solander, 1786: 188, pl.58 fig. 7
Spongia urens | n.sp. Ellis and Solander, 1786: 187; Templeton, 1836: 470.
Spongia papillaris | n.sp. Linnaeus (Gmelin), 1791: 3824; Esper, 1791-1794 (Spongia papillaris); Montagu, 1818: 90
Spongia compacta | n.sp. Sowerby, 1806
Halichondria papillaris |: Johnston, 1842
Halichondria panicea |: Johnston, 1842: 114, pls. 10-11; Bowerbank, 1866: 229; Parfitt, 1868: 11; Norman, 1869: 297; McIntosh, 1874: 144; Bowerbank, 1874 (Halichondria panicea drawing): 97, pl. XXXIX figs. 1-6, pl. XL figs. 1-5; 1882: 98; Topsent, 1891a: 527; Topsent, 1894: 7; Maitland, 1897: 55; Topsent, 1899: 105; Lundbeck, 1902: 17, pl. 9 fig. 1; Arnesen, 1903: 5; Stephens, 1912: 25; De Beauchamp, 1914: 79; Stephens, 1917: 6; 1920: 9; Prenant, 1927: 33; Burton, 1930a: 494; Burton, 1930b; Burton, 1932: 168; Brøndsted, 1932: 24; Topsent, 1932: 2; Arndt, 1935: 103, 221; Alander, 1942: 28; Burton, 1948: 900; Lévi, 1950b: 12; Lilly et al., 1953; Burton, 1957: 35; Hartman, 1958a: 29, fig. 9; Burton, 1959a; Bruce et al., 1963: 47; Graat-Kleeton, 1965: 169; Borojevic et al., 1968: 16; Descatoire, 1969a: 198; Hamond, 1970: 87; Könnecker, 1973: 456; Frith, 1976: 355; Cabioch, 1973: 5; Van Soest, 1976; Benito, 1976: 497; Van Soest, 1977: 268; Van Soest, 1977a: S28, fig. 1; Rodriguez and Gondar, 1978: 52; Van Soest and Weinberg, 1980: 10; Van Soest et al., 1981: 40; Vethaak et al., 1982: 82, pl. 1 figs 1-5, pl. 2 figs. 1-5, pl. 4 fig. 4; Lombas, 1982: 45; Durán and Solórzano, 1982: 52; Van Soest, 1983: 29; Vethaak, 1983: 62; Ackers, 1983: 162; Bongers, 1983: 39; Hiscock et al., 1983 (1984): 25, pl. 3e; Ackers et al., 1985: 119, photos 1-6, 60; Solórzano, 1991: 39; Ackers et al., 1992: 103, photos 199-201; Erpenbeck et al. 2004: 319.
Halichondria reticulata | n.sp. Lieberkühn, 1859; Könnecker, 1973: 457; Van Soest and Weinberg, 1980: 10; Van Soest et al., 1981: 40.
Halichondria coccinea | n.sp. Bowerbank, 1861a: 69.
Hymeniacidon thomasii | n.sp. Bowerbank, 1866: 155; 1874: 75, pl. XXX figs. 1-3; 1882: 71.
Hymeniacidon brettii | n.sp. Bowerbank, 1866: 158; 1874: 75, pl. XXX figs. 7-9; 1882: 75.
Hymeniacidon albescens | n.sp. (pars) Bowerbank, 1866: 161; 1874: 78, pl. XXXI figs. 6-10; 1882: 70; Burton, 1947: 252.
Hymeniacidon membrana | n.sp. Bowerbank, 1866: 165; 1874: 82, pl. XXXII figs. 11-12; 1882; 72.
Hymeniacidon reticulatus |: Bowerbank, 1866: 159; 1874: 77, pl. XXXI figs. 1-3; 1882: 75.
Hymeniacidon fragilis | n.sp. Bowerbank, 1866: 159; 1874: 76, pl. XXX figs. 10-12; 1882: 75.
Hymeniacidon fallaciosus | n.sp. Bowerbank, 1866: 160; 1874: 78, pl. XXXI figs. 4-5; 1882: 75.
Hymeniacidon lactea | n.sp. Bowerbank, 1866: 163; 1874: 82, pl. XXXII figs. 9-10; 1882: 72.
Halichondria glabra | n.sp. Bowerbank, 1866: 232; 1874: 101, 353, pl. XLI figs 1-3; 1882: 99; Topsent, 1894: 7; Topsent, 1899: 105; Burton, 1932: 169; Arndt, 1935: 103; Bruce et al., 1963: 47.
Halichondria caduca | n.sp. Bowerbank, 1866: 234; 1874: 101, pl. XLI figs. 9-11; 1882: 95.
Halichondria incerta | n.sp. Bowerbank, 1866: 237; 1874,: 102, pl. XLI figs 15-17; 1882: 96.
Hymeniacidon coccinea |: Bowerbank, 1866: 156; 1874: 75, 353, pl. XXX figs. 4-6; 1882: 72.
Reniera albescens |: Gray, 1867: 518.
Reniera coccinea |: Gray, 1867: 518.
Reniera fallaciosa |: Gray, 1867: 518.
Reniera fragilis |: Gray, 1867: 518.
Reniera lactea |: Gray, 1867: 518.
Reniera membrana |: Gray, 1867: 518.
Reniera reticulata |: Gray, 1867: 518.
Reniera thomasii |: Gray, 1867: 518.
Hymeniacidon parfitti | n.sp. Parfitt, 1868: 10.
Pellina bibula | n.sp. Schmidt, 1870; Schmidt, 1873: 99; Schmidt, 1875.
Amorphina albescens |: Schmidt, 1870: 76; Higgin, 1886: 79.
Amorphina coccinea |: Schmidt, 1870: 76; Higgin, 1886: 79.
Amorphina fallaciosa |: Schmidt, 1870: 76.
Amorphina fragilis |: Schmidt, 1870: 76.
Amorphina lactea |: Schmidt, 1870: 76.
Amorphina membrana |: Schmidt, 1870: 76.
Amorphina reticulata |: Schmidt, 1870: 76.
Amorphina thomasii |: Schmidt, 1870: 76.
Amorphina panicea |: Schmidt, 1870: 77; Schmidt, 1873: 99; Schmidt, 1875; Fristedt, 1885: 25; Higgin, 1886: 78.
Amorphina glabra |: Schmidt, 1870: 77.
Hymeniacidon firmus | n.sp. Bowerbank, 1874: 186, pl. LXXII figs. 1-2; 1882: 73.
?Halichondria edusa | n.sp. Bowerbank, 1874: 201, pl. LXXIII figs 6-9; 1882: 99.
Halichondria ambigua | n.sp. Bowerbank, 1874: 213, pl. LXXIV figs. 14-15; 1882: 99.
Hymeniacidon tegeticula | n.sp. Bowerbank, 1874: 216, pl. LXXIV figs. 16-17; 1882: 76.
Isodictya incerta | n.sp. Bowerbank, 1874: 314, pl. LXXXIX figs. 3-4; 1882: 126.
Amorphina appendiculata | n.sp. Schmidt, 1875; Thiele, 1903: 379, pl. 21 fig. 7
Microciona tumulosa | n.sp. Bowerbank, 1882: 50, pl. XI figs 1-4.
Hymeniacidon solidus | n.sp. Bowerbank, 1882: 76, pl. III figs. 4-7.
Halichondria coralloides | n.sp. Bowerbank, 1882: 104, pl. VII figs. 1-3; Arndt, 1935: 102, fig. 217.
Isodictya perplexa | n.sp. Bowerbank, 1882: 123, pl. IX figs. 4-6.
Isodictya crassa | n.sp. Bowerbank, 1882: 126, pl. VIII figs. 4-6.
Menanetia minchini | n.sp. Topsent, 1896
Halichondria bretti |: Ferrer-Hernandez, 1922, 1933
Trachyopsilla glaberrima | n.sp. Burton, 1931a: 138, figs. 3-4.
Halichondriella corticata | n.sp. Burton, 1931b: 137, fig. 2.
Siphonochalina tubulosa |: Arndt, 1935: 101.
Halichondria lactea |: Arndt, 1935: 103, fig. 219.
Halichondria reticulata |: Arndt, 1935: 104, fig. 222
Eumastia appendiculata |: Arndt, 1935: 104, fig. 223.
Halichondria topsenti | n.sp. De Laubenfels, 1936a; Borojevic et al., 1968: 16; Descatoire, 1969a: 199;
Halichondria membrana |: Arndt, 1935: 103, fig. 220; Borojevic et al., 1968: 16.

The following additional synonyms are given by Arndt, 1935:
Spongia urtica |
Alcyonium manus diaboli |
Alcyonium medullare |
Alcyonium paniceum |
Alcyonium papillosum |
Alcyonium tubulosum |
Amorphina grisea |
Amorphina paciscens |
Amorphina sevosa |
Halichondria bibula |
Halichondria prostrata |
Halina panicea |
Halispongia papillaris |
Scypha papillaris |
Spuma borealis tuberosa |
Spuma borealis velamentosa |
Suberites firmus |

Halichondria panicea