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Lundbeck, 1905

Definition: Encrusting, massive (Mycale laevis on root), fan-shaped, cup-shaped and branching growth forms. Subectosomal sculpturing, grooves and ridges often found on the surface, within which are usually found the ostia. Radially arranged plumose skeleton or plumoreticulate skeleton, composed of styles or oxeas enclosed in spongin fibres. Without specialised ectosomal spicules, although choanosomal spicules may form dense brushes at the surface. Microscleres are characteristically palmate anisochelae and/or isochelae, sigmas, toxas and raphides.

Remarks: Members of this family range in habitat from tidal waters down to at least 5340 m (Hartman, 1982). Two valid genera are recognised here. Many subgenera (11) are also in use, within Mycale, but the validity and status of some these is questionable.

Source: Hooper's Internet Sponge Guide; van Soest & Hajdu, 2002b.

Genera represented in the area:

Mycale Gray, 1867 (type speciesHymeniacidon lingua Bowerbank, 1864)(syn. Acamas, in part, Duchassaing and Michelotti, 1864; Acamasina de Laubenfels, 1936; Aegogropila Gray, 1867; Carmia Gray, 1867; Esperella Vosmaer, 1885; Esperia, in part Nardo, 1833; Grapelia Gray, 1867; Mycalecarmia de Laubenfels, 1936; Oxycarmia de Laubenfels,1954; Parisociella Burton, 1952; Protoesperia Czerniavsky, 1879; Pseudoesperia Carter, 1886; Raphioderma Bowerbank, 1869; Raphiodesma, in part, Bowerbank, 1874; Rhaphidotheca Saville-Kent,1872; Sceptrospongia Dendy, 1926): microscleres are anisochelae, some species also with sigmas, toxas [3 subgenera are represented in the area: Mycale (Mycale), Mycale (Carmia), Mycale (Aegogropila)] (M. carmigropila microscleres) (M. magnirhaph. microscleres)
11 subgenera are recognized, Mycale (Aegogropila); Mycale (Anomomycale); Mycale
(Arenochalina); Mycale (Carmia); Mycale (Grapelia); Mycale (Mycale); Mycale (Naviculina); Mycale (Oxymycale); Mycale (Paresperella); Mycale (Rhaphidotheca); Mycale (Zygomycale)

Species included:
Mycale (Aegogropila) contareni
Mycale (Mycale) lingua
Mycale (Carmia) macilenta
Mycale (Rhaphidotheca) marshallhalli
Mycale (Carmia) micracanthoxea
Mycale (Carmia) minima
Mycale (Aegogropila) retifera
Mycale (Aegogropila) rotalis
Mycale (Carmia) subclavata

Species not treated here:
Mycale (Mycale) massa (Schmidt, 1862), ?Norway, cf. Arndt, 1935: 49, fig.83.
Mycale (Oxymycale) intermedia (Schmidt, 1874), Arctic, cf. Koltun. 1959
Mycale (Paresperella) atlantica Stephens (1917), W Ireland, deep water

Family Mycalidae