Home|Search|Identify|Taxonomic tree|Quiz|About this site|Feedback
Developed by ETI BioInformatics
Characteristics, distribution and ecology
Taxonomische classification
Synonyms and common names
Literature references
Images, audio and video
Links to other Web sites

Abbott, R. T., 1974. (2 ed.). American seashells. New York, Cincinnati, Toronto, London, Melbourne (van Nostrand Reinhold Co.): 1-663, 6405 figs.

Adams, H. and Adams, A., 1853-1858. The genera of recent Mollusca, arranged according to their organization, 1-2. London (van Voorst): 1-256, pls 1-32, 1853; 257-484, pls 33-60, 1854 (1); 1-92, pls 61-72, 1854; 93-284, pls 73-96, 1855; 285-412, pls 97-112, 1856; 413-540, pls 113-128, 1857; 541-661, pls 129-138, 1858 (2).

Bandel, K. and Dullo, C., 1987. Jurassic heteropods and their modern counterparts (planktonic Gastropoda, Mollusca). Neues Jb Geol. Paleon. Abh. 174(1): 1-22, 34 figs.

Bianco, S. Lo, 1888. Notizie biologiche riguardanti specialmente il periodo di maturità sessuale degli animali del Golfo di Napoli. Mitt. Zool. Stat. Neapel 8: 385-440.

Blackburn, M., 1956. Sonic scattering layers of heteropods. Nature 177: 374-375, 2 figs.

Brüel, L., 1921. Artumbildungs- und Variabilitetsstudien am Nervensystem von Firoloidea kowalevskyi Vays. (desmaresti). Zool. Jb. Jena (zool. phys.) 38: 517-564, pls 12-13.

Buchmann, W., 1924a. Über den Pharynx der Heteropoden. Verh. Deutsch. zool. Gesellsch. 29: 113-116.

Croce, N. della and Frontier, S., 1966. Thecosomatous pteropods from the Mozambique Channel. Boll. Mus. Inst. Biol. Univ. Genova 34(207): 107-113, map.

Orbigny, A. d', 1836-1846. Voyage dans l'Amérique méridionale (le Brésil, la république orientale de l'Uruguay, la république Argentine, la Patagonie, la république du Chili, la république de Bolivia, la république du Pérou), exécuté pendant les années 1826, 1827, 1828, 1829, 1830, 1831, 1832 et 1833, 5(3). Mollusques. Paris (Bertrand).

1-48 are from 1835.

49-184 are from 1836.

185-376 are from 1837.

377-408 are from 1840.

409-488 are from 1841.

489-758 are from 1846.

atlas 20 pls is from 1846.

Dales, R. P., 1953. The distribution of some heteropod molluscs off Pacific coast of North America. Proc. zool. Soc. London 122(4): 1007-1015, 7 figs.

Dales, R. P., 1957. Heteropoda. Fiches., cons. intern. Expl. Mer, Zooplankton Sheet 66: 1-4, 12 figs.

Blainville, [H. M. D.] de, 1820. Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles 17: 1-546. Levrault, Strasburg and Paris

Blainville, [H. M. D.] de, 1825a. Manuel de malacologie et de conchyliologie. Paris (Levrault): i-viii, 1-648.

Deevey, G. B., 1971. The annual cycle in quantity and composition of the zoo-plankton of the Sargasso Sea off Bermuda, 1. The upper 500 m. Limn. Oceanogr. 16(2): 219-240.

Deshayes, G. P., 1850. Regne animal de Cuvier: 42.

Fol, H., 1875c. Études sur le développement des mollusuqes. Second mémoire Sur le développement des ptéropodes. Compt. Rend. Séanc. Acad. Sci. 80: 196-199.

Fol, H., 1876. Étude sur le développement de mollusques. Second mémoire: sur le développement embryonnaire et larvaire des hétéropodes. Arch. Zool. exp. gen. 5: 104-158.

Franc, A., 1949b. Notes histologiques sur la métamorphose de Firoloida desmaresti Lesueur (mollusque, hétéropode). Bull. Soc. Zool. France 74: 141-146, pl. 2.

Franc, A., 1959. 10 Mollusques pélagiques. Campagne de la 'Calypso': Gulfe de Guinée. Ann. Inst. Océanogr. (NS) 37(4): 241-244, 1 fig.

Fretter, V. and Graham, A., 1962. British prosobranch molluscs. London (Ray Society): i-xvi, 1-755, 317 figs.

Frontier, S., 1963a. Héteropods et ptéropodes récoltes dans le plankton de Nosy-Bé. Cah. ORSTOM 6(2): 213-227.

Frontier, S., 1973b. Zooplancton de la région de Nosy-Bé, 6. Ptéropodes hétéropodes, premier partie: especes holonéritiques et néritiquesinternes. Cah. ORSTOM, Océanogr. 11(3): 273-289, 17 figs.

Frontier, S., 1973c. Zooplancton de la région de Nosy-Bé, 7. Ptéropodes, hétéropodes, 2. Especes néritiques. externes et océaniques tolérantes. Cah. ORSTOM, sér. océanogr. 11(3): 291-302.

Furnestin, M. L., 1978. Planktonic molluscs as hydrological and ecological indicators. In: S. van der Spoel, et al. (eds). Pathways in malacology. Utrecht (Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema): 175-194.

Gabe, M. and Prenant, M., 1950. Recherches sur la gaine radulaire des mollusques, 2. Données histologiques sur l'appareil radulaire des hétéropodes. Boll. Soc. zool. France 75(4): 176-184, 1 pl.

Gegenbaur, C., 1855b. Untersuchungen über Pteropoden und Heteropoden. Ein Beitrag zur Anatomie und Entwicklungsgeschichte dieser Thiere. Leipzig (Engelmann): i-vii, 1-228, 8 pls.

Gray, J. E., 1850. Catalogue of the Mollusca in the collection of the British Museum, 2. Pteropoda. London (British Museum, E. Newman): iv + 45 pp.

Grecchi, G. and Bertolotti, M., 1988 Interpretazione paleoclimatica della carota CG18-BAN82 basata sull'analisi di Thecosomata Euthecosomata del Quaternario del Mediterraneo orientale. Bull. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino 6(1): 73-132.

Huxley, T. H., 1853. On the morphology of the cephalous Mollusca, as illustrated by the anatomy of certain Heteropoda and Pteropoda collected during the voyage of H. M. S. 'Rattlesnake' in 1846-50. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London 143(1): 29-66, pls 2-5.

Kalkschmid, P. J., 1912. Adriatische Heteropoden. Sitz.-Ber. k. Akad. Wissensch. Wien (math. naturw.) 121: 999-1012.

Kosikhina, O. V., 1987. The way of nutrition and quantitative indices of food consumption by Mediterranean heteropods Firoloida desmarestia and Atlanta guoyana. Ekol. Morya 25: 70-75. [in Russian]

Lester, R. J. G. and Newman, L. J., 1986. First Rediae and Cercariae to be described from Heteropods. J. Parasit. 72(1): 195-197.

Lesueur, C. A., 1817a. Description of a new genus, and descriptions of three new species upon which it is formed; discovered in the Atlantic Ocean in the months of March and April 1816. J. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad. 1 (1): 37-40, pl. 2.

Lesueur, C. A., 1817b. Description of six new species of the genus Firola, observed by Messrs. Le Sueur and Péron in the Mediterranean Sea, in the months of March and April 1809. J. Acad. nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1 (1): 3-8, 1 pl.

Leuckart, R., 1854. Heteropoden, Zwitterschnecken, Hectocotyliferen. Zool. Unters. 3: 1-68, 2 pls.

MacDonald, J. D., 1862b. On the anatomy and classification of the Heteropoda. Trans. R. Soc. Edinburgh 23(1): 1-20, 2 pls.

Magaldi, N. H., 1977a. Moluscos holoplanctonicos del Atlantico suboccidental. III. Heteropods y pteropods de aguas superficiales Brasilenas y Uruguayas. Com. Soc. Malac. Urug. 4 (33): 295-325.

Magaldi, N. H., 1984. Moluscos holoplanctonicos del Atlantico Sudoccidental VI. Incorporación del genero Cardiapoda d'Orbigny, 1836 a la fauna argentina (Heteropoda: Carinariidae). Comm. Soc. Malac. Uruguay 6(46): 175-181.

Martoja, M. and Thiriot-Quievreux, C., 1975a. Convergence morphologique entre l'appareil copulateur des Heteropoda et des Littorinidae (Gastropoda, Prosobranchia). Neth. J. Zool. 25(2): 242-246, figs A-F.

McGowan, J. A. and Fraundorf, V. J., 1966. The relationship between size and net used and estimates of zooplankton diversity. Limn. Oceanogr. 11(4): 456-469.

McGowan, J. A., 1967. Distributional atlas of pelagic molluscs in the California Current region. CALCOFI Atlas 6: 1-218.

Michel, H. B. and Foyo, M., 1976. Caribbean zooplankton. Part I. Siphonophora, Heteropoda, Copepoda, Euphausiacea, Chaetrognatha and Salpidae. Off. Nav. Res. Dept. Navy. U. S. covt. Print Off. Washington D. C.: 1-549.

Nofroni, I., 1984. Cyclostrema solutum Di Geronimo, 1974, larval shell of Firoloidia desmaresti Leusueur, 1817 (Heteropoda, Pterotracheidae). Conchiglia 16(186-187): 23.

Oken, L. von, 1818. Isis: 1559

Okutani, T., 1957a. Holoplanktonic Gastropoda in the 'Kuroshio' area, south of Hinshu, May 1955. Rec. oceanogr. Wks. Japan, (NS) Spec. No.: 134-142, 3 figs.

Owre, H. B., 1964. Observations on developments of the heteropod molluscs Pterotrachea hippocampus and Firoila desmaresti. Bull. mar. Sci. Gulf Caribb. 14(4): 529-538, 8 figs.

Pafort-van Iersel, G. J. S., 1985a. Contributions to pelagic zoogeography of the mid North Atlantic Ocean, 1. Distribution of pteropods, heteropods and silver hatchetfishes. In: G. J. S. Pafort-van Iersel. A contribution to pelagic zoogeography of the mid North Atlantic Ocean (7th paper) (Thesis Univ. van Amsterdam): 1-45, 5 tabs, 4 figs, 27 append.

Rao, T. S. S., 1979. Zoogeography of the Indian Ocean. In: Spoel, S. van der and Pierrot-Bults, A. C. (eds). Zoogeography and diversity in plankton. Utrecht (Bunge Sci. Publ.): 254-292.

Richter, G., 1961. Dia radula der Atlantiden (Heteropoda, Prosobranchia) und ihre Bedeuting fur die Systematiek der Familie. Zeitsch. Morph. Okol. Tiere 50: 163-238 (PhD thesis).

Richter, G., 1968. Heteropoden und Heteropodenlarven im Oberflächenplankton des Golfes von Neapel. Pubbl. Staz. zool. Napoli 36(3): 347-400, 42 figs.

Richter, G., 1973b. Zur Stammesgeschichte pelagischer Gastropoden. Natur und Museum 103(8): 265-275, 4 tabs, 9 figs.

Richter, G., 1974. Die Heteropoden der 'Meteor' Expedition in den Indischen Ozean 1964/65. 'Meteor' Forschungserg. (D)17: 55-78, 8 figs, 3 pls.

Riedl, R., 1970. Fauna und Flora der Adria. 2° Ed. Hamburg, Berlin (Verlag P. Parey): 1-702.

Sanchez Nava, S. A., 1984. Sistemática, distribución y abundancia de los moluscos pelágicos (Gastropoda: heteropoda y Pteropoda) en el Diomo de Costa Rica. (Ph. D Thesis Univ. Nacional Autonomia de Mexico): 1-180 (mimiogr).

Schiemenz, P., 1911. Die Heteropoden der Plankton-Expedition. Ergebn. Plankt. Exped. Humboldtstiftung 2(F)(c): 1-13, pl. 1.

Seapy, R. R., 1990d. Sampling requirements for epipelagic heteropod molluscs. Amer. Malac. Bull. 8(1): 45-52.

Seapy, R. R., 1996. Atlantid heteropods as living substrata for eggs of Halobates sericeus (Heteroptera: Gerridea). Pac. Sc. 50 (1): 84-92.

Smith, E. A 1888a. Report on the Heteropoda. Sci. Res. Voy. HMS. Challenger 1873-1876 (zool)23: 1-51.

Souleyet, [F. L. A.], 1852a. In: Eydoux, [F.] and Souleyet, [F. L. A.]. Voyage autour du monde exécuté pendant les années 1836 et 1837 sur la corvette 'La Bonite', commandée par M. Vaillant, capitaine de vaisseau, publié par ordre du Gouvernement sous les auspices du département de la marine. Zoologie, 2. Paris (A. Bertrand): 1-664. Atlas (undated): 8 pp., mammifäres pls 1-12, oiseaux pls 1-10, reptiles pls 1-10, poissons pls 1-10, crustacés pls 1-5, insectes pls 1-2, mollusques pls 1-15, 15bis, 16-23, 23bis, 24, 24bis, 24 A-E, 25-45, zoophytes pls 1-2, vers pl. 1.

Starobogatov, J. I., 1971. Ordo Thecosomata; ordo Gymnosomata; ordo Heteropoda. In: Polevoy Zool. Inst. Akad. Moscou. opredeliteli planktona (without page or figure numbers, not bound, mimiographed). [in Russsian]

Tanaka, T., 1971. Pteropoda and Heteropoda (Gastropoda, Mollusca) collected in the western Pacific Ocean in the northern summer 1968. Kaiyo Rep. 3: 27-38.

Tesch, J. J., 1906a. Heteropoda der Siboga expeditie. Siboga Rep. 51: 1-112, 14 pls.

Tesch, J. J., 1949. Heteropoda. Dana Rep. 34: 1-55, 5 pls.

Thiriot-Quievreux, C., 1970a. Cycles annuels des populations planctoniques de mollusques en 1968 dans la région de Banyuls-sur-Mer. Comparison avec les années précédentes 1965-1967. Vie et Milieu (B)21(2): 311-335, 3 figs347-396, 9 pls.

Thiriot-Quievreux, C., 1971a. Contribution á l'étude de l'organogénèse des hétéropodes (Mollusca, Prosobranchia). Z. Morph. Tiere 69: 363-384, 6 figs.

Thiriot-Quievreux, C., 1972. Microstructures de coquilles larvaires de prosobranches au microscope électronique á balayage. Arch. Zool. exp. gen. 113(4): 553-564, 7 pls.

Thiriot-Quievreux, C., 1973a. Observations de la radula des hétéropodes (mollusques, Prosobranchia) au microscope électronique a balayage et interprétation fonctionelle. C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 276(D): 761-764, 1 pl.

Thiriot-Quievreux, C., 1973b. Heteropoda. In: H. Barnes. Oceanogr. London (G. Allen and Unwin Ltd.). Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 11: 237-261, 11 figs.

Tokioka, T., 1961. The structure of the operculum of the species of Atlantidae (Gastropoda: Heteropoda) as a taxonomic criterion, with records of some pelagic mollusks in the North Pacific. Publ. Seto mar. biol. Lab. 9(2): 267-332 (art. 15, pp. 1-86).

Troost, D. G., Sutomo, A. B. and Wenno, L. F., 1976 Distribution and abundance of major zooplankton groups in Ambon Bay (Maluku, Indonesia) during a salp swarming with notes on Chaetognatha and Pteropoda species. Mar. Res. Indonesia 16: 31-44.

Troschel, F. H., 1855. Zwei neue Heteropoden von Messina. Arch. Natur 21(1): 298-311.

Spoel, S. van der, 1970b. The pelagic Mollusca from the 'Atlantide' and 'Galathea' expeditions collected in the East Atlantic. Atlantide Reports 11: 99-139, 24 figs.

Spoel, S. van der, 1971d. The pelagic Mollusca from the "Atlantide" and "Galathea" Expeditions collected in the East Atlantic. Atlantide Rep. 11: 99-139.

Spoel, S. van der, 1972c. Notes on the identification and speciation of Heteropoda (Gastropoda). Zool. Meded. 47: 545-560.

Spoel, S. van der, 1976c. Pseudothecosomata, Gymnosomata and Heteropoda. Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema, Utrecht. 484 pp. 246 figs.

Vane, F. R., 1961. Contributions towards a plankton atlas of the north-eastern Atlantic and the North Sea, 3. Gastropoda. Bull. Mar. Ecol. 5: 98-101, pl. 28.

Vayssiére, A., 1903. Sur les hétéropodes receuillis pendant les campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse Alice faites sous la direction de S. A. le Prince de Monaco. C. R. Séances Acad. Sci. Paris 137: 346-348.

Vayssiére, A., 1927a. Mollusques hétéropodes et euptéropodes provenant des campagnes des yachts Princesse-Alice I et Hirondelle II (1896-1915). Résul. Camp. Scient. accompl. yacht par Albert Ier, prince souverain de Monaco 71: 1-31, 1 pls.

Vecchione, M., and Grant, G. C., 1983. A multivariate analysis of planktonic molluscan distribution in the middle Atlantic bight. Cont. Shelf Res. 1(4): 405-424.

Waren, A., 1992. New and little known 'skeneimorph' gastropos from the Mediterranean Sea and the adjacent Atlantic Ocean. Boll. Malac. 27(10-12): 149-247.

Yamaji, I., 1991. Illustrations of the marine plankton of Japan. 3°Ed. Hoikusha Publ. Co. Ltd, Osaka.: 1-538.

Zhang, F., 1964. The pelagic molluscs off the China coast, 1. A systematic study of Pteropoda (Opisthobranchia), Heteropoda (Prosobranchia) and Janthinidae (Ptenoglossa, Prosobranchia). Stud. Mar. Sinica 5: 125-226.

Zheng Zhong (et al.), 1989. Marine Planktology. China Ocean Press. Bejing: i-viii, 1-454. [transl. from Chinese orig.]

Firoloida desmaresti