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Aron, W., 1960. Animals in the eastern North Pacific and its relationship to physical and chemical conditions. Univ. Wash. Dep. oceanogr. Tech Rep. 63: 65-154 .

Dales, R. P., 1953. The distribution of some heteropod molluscs off Pacific coast of North America. Proc. zool. Soc. London 122(4): 1007-1015, 7 figs.

Dall, W. H., 1919. Description of new species of Mollusca from the North Pacific Ocean in the collection of the United States National Museum. Proc. U. S. nat. Mus. 56(2295): 293-371.

McGowan, J. A., 1967. Distributional atlas of pelagic molluscs in the California Current region. CALCOFI Atlas 6: 1-218.

Okutani, T., 1955b. On a new species of Carinaria, C. japonica. Venus 18(4): 251-258, 3 figs.

Okutani, T., 1961. Notes on the genus Carinaria (Heteropoda) from Japanese and adjacent waters. Publ. Seto mar. biol. Lab. 9(2): 333-252.

Okutani, T., 1962. A supplementary note on the shell of Carinaria japonica. Venus 22(1): 12-13.

Okutani, T., 1965. Heteropoda and Thecosomata in the Kuroshio. Bull. Plankt. Japan 12: 37-39.

Seapy, R. R., 1974a. Distribution and abundance of the epipelagic mollusk Carinaria japonica in waters off southern California. Mar. Biol. 24: 243-250, 4 figs.

Seapy, R. R., 1980. Predation by the epipelagic heteropod Carinaria cristata forma japonica. Mar. Biol. 60: 137-146.

Seapy, R. R., 1986. The heteropod fauna of oceanic waters off Hawaii. West. Soc. Malac. 19: 9-13.

Seapy, R. R., 1990d. Sampling requirements for epipelagic heteropod molluscs. Amer. Malac. Bull. 8(1): 45-52.

Starobogatov, J. I., 1971. Ordo Thecosomata; ordo Gymnosomata; ordo Heteropoda. In: Polevoy Zool. Inst. Akad. Moscou. opredeliteli planktona (without page or figure numbers, not bound, mimiographed). [in Russsian]

Thiriot-Quievreux, C., 1973a. Observations de la radula des hétéropodes (mollusques, Prosobranchia) au microscope électronique a balayage et interprétation fonctionelle. C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 276(D): 761-764, 1 pl.

Spoel, S. van der and Pierrot-Bults, A. C., 1979. Zoogeography of the Pacific Ocean. In: S. van der Spoel and A. C. Pierrot-Bults (eds). Zoogeography and diversity in plankton. Utrecht (Bunge Sci. Publ.): 293-327.

Spoel, S. van der, 1972c. Notes on the identification and speciation of Heteropoda (Gastropoda). Zool. Meded. 47: 545-560.

Spoel, S. van der, 1976c. Pseudothecosomata, Gymnosomata and Heteropoda. Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema, Utrecht. 484 pp. 246 figs.

Yamaji, I., 1991. Illustrations of the marine plankton of Japan. 3°Ed. Hoikusha Publ. Co. Ltd, Osaka.: 1-538.

Carinaria cristata japonica