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Abbott, R. T., 1974. (2 ed.). American seashells. New York, Cincinnati, Toronto, London, Melbourne (van Nostrand Reinhold Co.): 1-663, 6405 figs.

Bonnevie, K., 1913 (reprinted 1933). Pteropoda from the Michael Sars North-Atlantic Deep-Sea expedition. Rep. Sci. Res. 'Michael Sars' North Atl. Deep-Sea exp. 3(1): 1-69, 4 tabs, 58 figs, 9 pls.

Chen, C., 1964. Pteropod ooze from Bermuda pedestal. Science, 144 (3614): 60-62, 2 figs.

Dall, W. H., 1889a. A preliminary catalogue of the shell-bearing marine mollusks and brachiopods of the south-eastern coast of the United States, with illustrations of many of the species. Bull. U.S. nat Mus. 37: 3-221, 74 pls.

Dall, W. H., 1908a. A new species of Cavolina, with notes on other pteropods. Smithonian Miscellaneous Collection 50(4): 501-502.

Deevey, G. B., 1971. The annual cycle in quantity and composition of the zoo-plankton of the Sargasso Sea off Bermuda, 1. The upper 500 m. Limn. Oceanogr. 16(2): 219-240.

Fischer, P., 1882a. Diagnoses d'especes nouvelles de mollusques recueillis dans la cours des expéditions scientifiques de l'aviso le Travailleur (1880 et 1881). J. Conchyl. 30: 49-53.

Furnestin, M. L., 1979. Aspects of the zoogeography of Mediterranean plankton. In: S. van der Spoel and A. C. Pierrot-Bults (eds). Zoogeography and diversity in plankton. Utrecht (Bunge Sci. Publ.): 191-253.

González, C. and Princz, D., 1979. Moluscos heteropodos y pteropodos de la zone central del caribe venezolano. Bol. Inst. oceonogr. Cumana 18(1-2): 99-107.

Haagensen, D. A., 1976 Caribbean zooplankton. Part II. Thecosomata. Off. Nav. Res. Dept. of the Navy. U. S. Govt. Print Off. Washington D. C.: 551-712.

Johnson, C. W., 1934. List of marine Mollusca of the Atlantic coast from Labrador to Texas. Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 40(1): 1-204.

Locard, A., 1897. Mollusques testacés, 1. In: A. Milne-Edwards (ed.). Expédition scientifique du Travailleur et du Talisman pendant les années 1880, 1881, 1882, 1883. Paris (Masson and Cie): i-vi, 1-516, 22 pls.

McKay, D. W., 1974. Pteropods of Scottish and adjacent waters. J. Conchology 28(3): 179-184.

Meisenheimer, J., 1905c. Pteropoda. Deutsch. Tiefsee Exp. 1898-1899 IX: 1-314, Atlas Pl. 1-27 Map 1-9.

Metz, J. A. J., 1964. Enige opmerkingen over de in Nederland gevonden pteropoden en heteropoden. Het Zeepaard 24(3): 35-45, 14 figs, 1 map.

Nofroni, I and Sileus, M., 1986. Rare molluscs from South Sardinia. Conchiglia 18(202): 6-7.

Pafort-van Iersel, G. J. S., 1985a. Contributions to pelagic zoogeography of the mid North Atlantic Ocean, 1. Distribution of pteropods, heteropods and silver hatchetfishes. In: G. J. S. Pafort-van Iersel. A contribution to pelagic zoogeography of the mid North Atlantic Ocean (7th paper) (Thesis Univ. van Amsterdam): 1-45, 5 tabs, 4 figs, 27 append.

Pelseneer, P. and Fowler, G. H., 1906. Biscayan plankton collected during a cruise of H. M. S. 'Research', 1900, 7. Mollusca (excluding Cephalopoda). With a note on their distribution. Trans. Linn. Soc. London 2 (Zool.) 10(5): 137-157, pls 10-12.

Pelseneer, P., 1888a. Report on the Pteropoda collected by H. M. S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876, 2. The Thecosomata Reports on the scientific. Results of the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876 (zool.) 23(1): 1-132, 2 figs, 2 pls.

Pelseneer, P., 1904. La forme archaique des ptéropodes thécosomes. Comptes Rendus Séances Acad. Sci. Paris 139(2): 546-548.

Rampal, J., 1968a. Les ptéropodes thécosomes en Méditerranée. Comm. Int. Explor. sci. Mer Méditerr.: 1-142, 6 tabs, 12 figs. (PhD thesis).

Rampal, J. 1971a. Les thécosome d'une thanatocoenose du N. W. du Golf de Gascogne. In: Peuplements profonds du Golf de Gascogne: 549-550.

Rampal, J., 1971b. Les ptéropodes thécosomes en Méditerrané. Rapp. Comm. int. Mer. Médit. 20(3): 419.

Rampal, J., 1973a. Clés de détermination des ptéropodes thécosomes de Méditerranée et de l'Atlantique euroafricain. Rev. Trav. Inst. Pàches Marit. (Paris) 37(3): 369-381.

Rampal, J., 1975. Les thécosomes (mollusques pélagiques). Systématique et évolution écologie et biogéographie méditerranéennes. Aix-Marseille (Thesis Univ. Provence CNRS AO 11932): 1-485, 15 tabs, 99 figs.

Rampal, J., 1977b. Diversité de structure de la coquille chez les thécosomes. Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Museo Civ. St. Nat. Milano 118(2): 207-211, 1 fig.

Rampal, J., 1980a. Biogeographie Méditerranéne d'apres l'etude des Thécosome (Mollusques pelagiques). J. Etud. Syst. Biogeogr. Médit Cagliari CIESM: 45-54.

Ros, J., 1976. Catálogo provisional de los Opistobranquios (Gastropoda, Euthyneura) de las costas ibéricas. Miscel. Zool. 3(5): 21-48.

Starobogatov, J. I., 1971. Ordo Thecosomata; ordo Gymnosomata; ordo Heteropoda. In: Polevoy Zool. Inst. Akad. Moscou. opredeliteli planktona (without page or figure numbers, not bound, mimiographed). [in Russsian]

Tesch, J. J., 1913c. Mollusca, Pteropoda. In: F. E. Schulze. Das Tierreich. Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen 36. Berlin (Friedberger and Sohn): i-xvi, 1-154, 108 figs.

Tesch, J. J., 1946. The thecosomatous pteropods, 1. The Atlantic. Dana Report 28: 1-82, 37 figs, 8 pls.

Tesch, J. J., 1947. Pteropoda Thecosomata. Fiches; conseil Intern. Expl. Mer. Zooplankton (sheet)8: 1-6, 13 figs.

Spoel, S. van der and Boltovskoy, D., 1981. Pteropoda. In: Boltovskoy, D. (ed.). Atlas del zooplancton del Atlantico Sudoccidental. Publ. INIDEP Argentina: 493-512.

Spoel, S. van der and Heyman, R. P., 1983. A comparative atlas of zooplankton. Biological patterns in the oceans. Bunge, Utrecht; Springer Verl., Berlin: 1-186.

Spoel, S. van der, Boltovskoy, D. and Jankivich, S. S., 1981. Classification y distribucion. In: Boltovskoy, D. (ed.). Atlas del zooplancton del Atlantico Sudoccidental. Publ. INIDEP Argentina: 512-524.

Spoel, S. van der, 1970b. The pelagic Mollusca from the 'Atlantide' and 'Galathea' expeditions collected in the East Atlantic. Atlantide Reports 11: 99-139, 24 figs.

Spoel, S. van der, 1971d. The pelagic Mollusca from the "Atlantide" and "Galathea" Expeditions collected in the East Atlantic. Atlantide Rep. 11: 99-139.

Spoel, S. van der, 1972b. Pteropoda, Thecosomata. Cons. int. Expl. Mer. Zooplankton Sheet 140-142: 1-12.

Spoel, S. van der, 1976c. Pseudothecosomata, Gymnosomata and Heteropoda. Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema, Utrecht. 484 pp. 246 figs.

Spoel, S. van der, 1981a. Descripcion de los conchas embrionarias de Cavoliniidae. In: Boltovskoy, D. (ed.). Atlas del zooplancton del Atlantico Sudoccidental. Publ. INIDEP Argentina: 525-531.

Vayssiére, A., 1915a. Mollusques euptéropodes (ptéropodes thécosomes) provenant des campagnes des yachts Hirondelle et Princesse-Alice (1885-1913). Résul. Camp. Scient. accompl. yacht par Albert Ier, prince souverain de Monaco 47: 1-226, 14 pls.

Peraclis triacantha