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Abbott, R. T., 1974. (2 ed.). American seashells. New York, Cincinnati, Toronto, London, Melbourne (van Nostrand Reinhold Co.): 1-663, 6405 figs.

Adams, H. and Adams, A., 1853-1858. The genera of recent Mollusca, arranged according to their organization, 1-2. London (van Voorst): 1-256, pls 1-32, 1853; 257-484, pls 33-60, 1854 (1); 1-92, pls 61-72, 1854; 93-284, pls 73-96, 1855; 285-412, pls 97-112, 1856; 413-540, pls 113-128, 1857; 541-661, pls 129-138, 1858 (2).

Adams, A. and Adams, A., 1858. The genera of recent Mollusca. J. v. Voorst, London vol. 2: 1-68, vol. 3, pls. 56-136.

Almogi-Labin, A. and Reiss, Z., 1977a. Quaternary pteropods from Israel, 1. Holocene and Pleistocene pteropods from the Mediterranean continental shelf and slope of Israel; 2. Pteropods from Recent sediments in the Gulf of Elat. Rev. Españ. Micropaleont. 9(1): 5-48, 9 figs, 10 pls.

Almogi-Labin, A., 1975. Pleistocene and holocene pteropods from the eastern Mediterranean and the Gulf of Elat. 4th Rap. H. Steinitz Mar. biol. Lab. Elat: 14-15 (mimiogr.).

Almogi-Labin, A., 1982. Stratigraphic and paleoceanographic significance of Late Quaternary pteropods from deep-sea cores in the Gulf of Aqaba (Elat) and northernmost Red Sea. Marine Micropal. 7(1): 53-72.

Bandel, K. von, Almogi-Labin, A., Hemleben, C. and Deuser, W. C., 1984. The conch of Limacina and Peraclis (Pteropoda) and a model for the evolution of planktonic gastropods. N. Jb. Geol. Paleont., Abhandl. 168(1): 87-107, 2 tabs, 25 figs.

Bianco, S. Lo, 1903. Le pesche abissali eseguite da F. A. Krupp col yacht Puritan nelle adiacenze di Capri ed in altri località del Mediterraneo. Mitt. Zool. Station Neapel 16(1-2): 109-280, pls 7-9.

Bonnevie, K., 1913 (reprinted 1933). Pteropoda from the Michael Sars North-Atlantic Deep-Sea expedition. Rep. Sci. Res. 'Michael Sars' North Atl. Deep-Sea exp. 3(1): 1-69, 4 tabs, 58 figs, 9 pls.

Casanova, J.-P., 1980. Campagnes du 'Meteor' dans 'Atlantique N-E. Siphonophores, méduses et thécosomes. Distribution verticale et comparaisons faunistiques avec la Méditerranée. 'Meteor' Forschungserg. (D)32: 15-32, 6 tabs, 6 figs.

Chen, C. and Hillman, N. S., 1970. Shell-bearing pteropods as indicators of water masses off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. Bull. Mar. Sci. Gulf Caribb. 20(2): 350-367, 4 tabs, 3 figs.

Costa, A., 1865. Di una nuova specie mediterranea di molluschi pteropodi del gen. Spirialis. Rendiconto dell'Accademia delle Scienze fisiche e mathematiche. Società reale di Napoli 4(10): 125-126.

Costa, A., 1867. Illustrazione della Spirialis recurvirostra. Ann. Museo Zool. R. Univ.i Napoli 4: 56-58, pl. 4.

Orbigny, A. d', 1836-1846. Voyage dans l'Amérique méridionale (le Brésil, la république orientale de l'Uruguay, la république Argentine, la Patagonie, la république du Chili, la république de Bolivia, la république du Pérou), exécuté pendant les années 1826, 1827, 1828, 1829, 1830, 1831, 1832 et 1833, 5(3). Mollusques. Paris (Bertrand).

1-48 are from 1835.

49-184 are from 1836.

185-376 are from 1837.

377-408 are from 1840.

409-488 are from 1841.

489-758 are from 1846.

atlas 20 pls is from 1846.

Orbigny, A. d', 1836-1846. Voyage dans l'Amérique méridionale (le Brésil, la république orientale de l'Uruguay, la république Argentine, la Patagonie, la république du Chili, la république de Bolivia, la république du Pérou), exécuté pendant les années 1826, 1827, 1828, 1829, 1830, 1831, 1832 et 1833, 5(3). Mollusques. Paris (Bertrand).

1-48 are from 1835.

49-184 are from 1836.

185-376 are from 1837.

377-408 are from 1840.

409-488 are from 1841.

489-758 are from 1846.

atlas 20 pls is from 1846.

Deevey, G. B., 1971. The annual cycle in quantity and composition of the zoo-plankton of the Sargasso Sea off Bermuda, 1. The upper 500 m. Limn. Oceanogr. 16(2): 219-240.

Eydoux, [F.] and Souleyet, [F. L. A.], 1840. Description sommaire de plusieurs ptéropodes nouveaux ou imparfaitement connus, destinés à àtre publiés dans Le voyage de la Bonite. Revue Zool. Soc. Cuvier. Paris: 235-239.

Forbes, E., 1844a. Report on the Mollusca and Radiata of the Aegean Sea, and on their distribution, considered as bearing on geology. Report Thirteenth Meet. British Assoc. Advanc. Sci. held at Cork in August 1843: 131-193.

Frontier, S., 1966a. Liste complémentaire des ptéropodes du plancton de Nosy-Bé (Madagascar). Cah. ORSTOM 4(2): 141-146.

Furnestin, M. L., 1979. Aspects of the zoogeography of Mediterranean plankton. In: S. van der Spoel and A. C. Pierrot-Bults (eds). Zoogeography and diversity in plankton. Utrecht (Bunge Sci. Publ.): 191-253.

Gilmer, R. W. and Harbison, G. R., 1986. Morphology and field behavious of pteropod molluscs: feeding methods in the families Cavoliniidae, Limacinidae and Peraclididae (Gastropoda: Thecosomata). Mar. Biol. 91: 47-57, 1 tab., 7 figs.

Giovine, F., 1988. The genus Peracle in the Mediterranean (Heterobranchia: Peraclidae). Conchiglia 20(226-227): 22-24, 5 figs.

Grecchi, G. and Bertolotti, M., 1988 Interpretazione paleoclimatica della carota CG18-BAN82 basata sull'analisi di Thecosomata Euthecosomata del Quaternario del Mediterraneo orientale. Bull. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino 6(1): 73-132.

Grossman, E. L., Betzer, P. R., Dudley, W. C. and Dunbar, R. B., 1986. Stable isotopic variation in pteropods and atlantids from north Pacific sediment traps. Mar. Micropaleont. 10(1-3): 9-22.

Haagensen, D. A., 1976 Caribbean zooplankton. Part II. Thecosomata. Off. Nav. Res. Dept. of the Navy. U. S. Govt. Print Off. Washington D. C.: 551-712.

Hida, T. S., 1957. Chaetognaths and pteropods as biological indicators in the North Pacific. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Special Science. Report Fisheries 215: 1-13.

Ivanova, E. V., 1985. Late Quaternary biostratigraphy and paleotemperatures of the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden based on planktonic Foraminifera and pteropods. Mar. Micropal. 9: 335-364.

Jeffreys, J. G., 1870a. Mediterranean Mollusca. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. 6(4): 457-458.

Jeffreys, J. G., 1876. List of Mollusca collected by the Rev. A. E. Eaton at Spitzbergen during the third voyage of B. Leigh Smith in the Greenland Sea. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. 4(18): 499-500.

Jeffreys, J. G., 1877. New and peculiar Mollusca of the Eulimidae and other families of Gastropoda, as well as of the Pteropoda, procured in the 'Valorous' expedition. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4)19(112): 317-339.

Johnson, C. W., 1934. List of marine Mollusca of the Atlantic coast from Labrador to Texas. Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 40(1): 1-204.

Magaldi, N. H., 1977a. Moluscos holoplanctonicos del Atlantico suboccidental. III. Heteropods y pteropods de aguas superficiales Brasilenas y Uruguayas. Com. Soc. Malac. Urug. 4 (33): 295-325.

McGowan, J. A., 1967. Distributional atlas of pelagic molluscs in the California Current region. CALCOFI Atlas 6: 1-218.

McGowan, J. A., 1968. The Thecosomata and Gymnosomata of California. Veliger 3 (suppl.): 103-130, pls 12-20.

Meisenheimer, J., 1905c. Pteropoda. Deutsch. Tiefsee Exp. 1898-1899 IX: 1-314, Atlas Pl. 1-27 Map 1-9.

Minichev, Y. S., 1969. The structure of the stomach of the opisthobranchiate molluscs (Gastropoda, Opisthobranchia). Zool. Zhurn. 48(12): 1780-1786, 2 figs. [in Russian]

Monterosato, T. A. di, 1875a. Nuova rivista delle conchiglie mediterranee. Atti Accad. Sci. Lett. Arti Palermo (2a)5 (Cl. Sci. Nat. esatto): 1-50.

Monterosato, T. A. di, 1884. Nomenclatura generica e specifica di alcune conchiglie mediteranee. Palermo (Stab. Tipografico Virzi): 1-152.

Newman, L. J., 1990. Holoplanktonic molluscs (Gastropoda; Thecosomata, Gymnosomata, and Heteropoda) from the waters of Australia and Papua New Guinea: their taxonomy, distribution and biology. PhD Thesis Univ. Qld. Australia. 208 pp.

Nordsieck, F., 1976. Abyssal molluscs from the Ionic Sea. Conchiglia 5(11-12): 4-7.

Ode, H., 1991. Distribution and records of the marine mollusca in the North-West Gulf of Mexico. Texas Conch. 27(3/4): 72-83.

Pafort-van Iersel, G. J. S., 1985a. Contributions to pelagic zoogeography of the mid North Atlantic Ocean, 1. Distribution of pteropods, heteropods and silver hatchetfishes. In: G. J. S. Pafort-van Iersel. A contribution to pelagic zoogeography of the mid North Atlantic Ocean (7th paper) (Thesis Univ. van Amsterdam): 1-45, 5 tabs, 4 figs, 27 append.

Pelseneer, P., 1887d. Sur le genre Peracle Proc. Verb. Soc. R. malac. Belgique 16: 136-138.

Pelseneer, P., 1888a. Report on the Pteropoda collected by H. M. S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876, 2. The Thecosomata Reports on the scientific. Results of the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876 (zool.) 23(1): 1-132, 2 figs, 2 pls.

Pelseneer, P., 1888b. Report on the Pteropoda collected by H. M. S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876, 3. Anatomy Reports on the scientific. Results of the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876(zool.) 23(2): 1-97, 1 tab., 5 figs, 5 pls.

Pruvot-Fol, A., 1954. Mollusques opisthobranches. Faune de France 58. Paris (Lechevalier): 1-460, 173 figs, 1 pl.

Rampal, J., 1968a. Les ptéropodes thécosomes en Méditerranée. Comm. Int. Explor. sci. Mer Méditerr.: 1-142, 6 tabs, 12 figs. (PhD thesis).

Rampal, J., 1973a. Clés de détermination des ptéropodes thécosomes de Méditerranée et de l'Atlantique euroafricain. Rev. Trav. Inst. Pàches Marit. (Paris) 37(3): 369-381.

Rampal, J., 1975. Les thécosomes (mollusques pélagiques). Systématique et évolution écologie et biogéographie méditerranéennes. Aix-Marseille (Thesis Univ. Provence CNRS AO 11932): 1-485, 15 tabs, 99 figs.

Rampal, J., 1977b. Diversité de structure de la coquille chez les thécosomes. Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Museo Civ. St. Nat. Milano 118(2): 207-211, 1 fig.

Rampal, J., 1980a. Biogeographie Méditerranéne d'apres l'etude des Thécosome (Mollusques pelagiques). J. Etud. Syst. Biogeogr. Médit Cagliari CIESM: 45-54.

Rampal, J., 1990. Les Thecosomes de la mer Rouge. Bull. Inst. Oceanogr. Monaco (spec.) 7: 103-107.

Richter, G., 1976b. Zur Frage der Verwandtschaftsbeziehung von Limacinidae und Cavolinidae. Arch. Moll. 107 (1/3): 137-144.

Richter, G., 1977. Jäger, Fallensteller und Sammler. Zur Ernährung planktonischer Schnecken. Natur und Museum 107: 221-234.

Richter, G., 1979. Die thecosomen Pteropoden der "Meteor"-Expedition in den Indischen Ozean 1964/65. "Meteor" Forsch. Ergebnisse (D) 29: 1-29.

Ros, J., 1976. Catálogo provisional de los Opistobranquios (Gastropoda, Euthyneura) de las costas ibéricas. Miscel. Zool. 3(5): 21-48.

Schiemenz, P., 1906. Die Pteropoden der Plankton Expedition. Erg. Plankt. Exp. Humboldt Stift. 2 F.b.: 1-37.

Souleyet, [F. L. A.], 1852b. In: Rang, P. C. A. L. and Souleyet, [F. L. A.]: Histoire Naturelles de mollusques Ptéropodes. Monographie comprenant la description de toutes les espèces. J. B. Baillière, Paris: 1-86.

Sowerby, G. B., 1878. In: Reeve, L. A.: Conchologia iconica or illustrations of shells of molluscous animals. Monograph of the genus Pteropoda vol. 20, in front pls 1-7 and pls 1-6, Reeve and Co, London.

Starobogatov, J. I., 1971. Ordo Thecosomata; ordo Gymnosomata; ordo Heteropoda. In: Polevoy Zool. Inst. Akad. Moscou. opredeliteli planktona (without page or figure numbers, not bound, mimiographed). [in Russsian]

Steuer, A., 1911. Adriatische Pteropoden. Sitz. Ber. Math.-Naturw. Klasse k. k. Akad. Wien 120(1): 709-730, 9 figs.

Tanaka, T., 1971. Pteropoda and Heteropoda (Gastropoda, Mollusca) collected in the western Pacific Ocean in the northern summer 1968. Kaiyo Rep. 3: 27-38.

Tesch, J. J., 1904. The Thecosomata and Gymnosomata of the Siboga Expedition. Siboga Rep. 52: 1-92, 156 figs.

Tesch, J. J., 1908. The Pteropoda of the Leyden museum. Notes Leiden Mus. 29: 181-203, pl. 7.

Tesch, J. J., 1913c. Mollusca, Pteropoda. In: F. E. Schulze. Das Tierreich. Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen 36. Berlin (Friedberger and Sohn): i-xvi, 1-154, 108 figs.

Tesch, J. J., 1946. The thecosomatous pteropods, 1. The Atlantic. Dana Report 28: 1-82, 37 figs, 8 pls.

Tesch, J. J., 1947. Pteropoda Thecosomata. Fiches; conseil Intern. Expl. Mer. Zooplankton (sheet)8: 1-6, 13 figs.

Tesch, J. J., 1948. The thecosomatous pteropods, 2. The Indo-Pacific. Dana Report 30: 1-45, 34 figs, 3 pls.

Thiriot-Quiévreux, C., 1988. Chromosome studies in pelagic opisthobranch molluscs. Can. J. Zool. 66: 1460-1473.

Tokioka, T., 1955c. On some plankton animals collected by the Syunkotu-Maru in May-June 1954, 4. Thecosomatous pteropods. Publ. Seto mar. biol. Lab. 5(1): 59-74, pls 7-13.

Tokioka, T., 1961. The structure of the operculum of the species of Atlantidae (Gastropoda: Heteropoda) as a taxonomic criterion, with records of some pelagic mollusks in the North Pacific. Publ. Seto mar. biol. Lab. 9(2): 267-332 (art. 15, pp. 1-86).

Spoel, S. van der and Boltovskoy, D., 1981. Pteropoda. In: Boltovskoy, D. (ed.). Atlas del zooplancton del Atlantico Sudoccidental. Publ. INIDEP Argentina: 493-512.

Spoel, S. van der and Heyman, R. P., 1983. A comparative atlas of zooplankton. Biological patterns in the oceans. Bunge, Utrecht; Springer Verl., Berlin: 1-186.

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Spoel, S. van der, 1962b. Notes on some Pteropoda described by J. J. Tesch. Basteria 26 (1-2): 24-28.

Spoel, S. van der, 1970b. The pelagic Mollusca from the 'Atlantide' and 'Galathea' expeditions collected in the East Atlantic. Atlantide Reports 11: 99-139, 24 figs.

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Vatova, A., 1974. Sui molluschi di alcuni saggi di fondo prelevati alle soglie del Mar Jonio. Conchiglie 10(5-6): 93-112, 3 pls.

Vayssiére, A., 1915a. Mollusques euptéropodes (ptéropodes thécosomes) provenant des campagnes des yachts Hirondelle et Princesse-Alice (1885-1913). Résul. Camp. Scient. accompl. yacht par Albert Ier, prince souverain de Monaco 47: 1-226, 14 pls.

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Peraclis reticulata