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Bandel, K. von, Almogi-Labin, A., Hemleben, C. and Deuser, W. C., 1984. The conch of Limacina and Peraclis (Pteropoda) and a model for the evolution of planktonic gastropods. N. Jb. Geol. Paleont., Abhandl. 168(1): 87-107, 2 tabs, 25 figs.

Bé, A. W. H. and Gilmer, A. W., 1977. A zoogeographic and taxonomic review of euthecosomatous Pteropoda. In: A. T. S., Ramsay (ed). Oceanic Micropalaeontology I. Acad. Press London: 733-808.

Bonnevie, K., 1913 (reprinted 1933). Pteropoda from the Michael Sars North-Atlantic Deep-Sea expedition. Rep. Sci. Res. 'Michael Sars' North Atl. Deep-Sea exp. 3(1): 1-69, 4 tabs, 58 figs, 9 pls.

Diester-Haass, L. and Spoel, S. van der, 1978. Late Pleistocene pteropod-rich sediment layer in the N. E. Atlantic and protoconch variation of Clio pyramidata Linnaeus, 1767. Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclim., Palaeoecol. 24: 85-109.

Furnestin, M. L., 1979. Aspects of the zoogeography of Mediterranean plankton. In: S. van der Spoel and A. C. Pierrot-Bults (eds). Zoogeography and diversity in plankton. Utrecht (Bunge Sci. Publ.): 191-253.

Gilmer, R. W., 1990a. In situ observations of feeding behavior of thecosome pteropod molluscs. Amer. Malac. Bull. 8(1): 53-59.

Haagensen, D. A., 1976 Caribbean zooplankton. Part II. Thecosomata. Off. Nav. Res. Dept. of the Navy. U. S. Govt. Print Off. Washington D. C.: 551-712.

Jeffreys, J. G., 1877. New and peculiar Mollusca of the Eulimidae and other families of Gastropoda, as well as of the Pteropoda, procured in the 'Valorous' expedition. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4)19(112): 317-339.

Lalli, C. M. and Wells, F. E., 1978. Reproduction in the genus Limacina (Opisthobranchia: Thecosomata). J. Zool. London. 186: 95-108.

McKay, D. W., 1974. Pteropods of Scottish and adjacent waters. J. Conchology 28(3): 179-184.

Meisenheimer, J., 1905c. Pteropoda. Deutsch. Tiefsee Exp. 1898-1899 IX: 1-314, Atlas Pl. 1-27 Map 1-9.

Newman, L. J., 1990. Holoplanktonic molluscs (Gastropoda; Thecosomata, Gymnosomata, and Heteropoda) from the waters of Australia and Papua New Guinea: their taxonomy, distribution and biology. PhD Thesis Univ. Qld. Australia. 208 pp.

Pafort-van Iersel, G. J. S., 1985a. Contributions to pelagic zoogeography of the mid North Atlantic Ocean, 1. Distribution of pteropods, heteropods and silver hatchetfishes. In: G. J. S. Pafort-van Iersel. A contribution to pelagic zoogeography of the mid North Atlantic Ocean (7th paper) (Thesis Univ. van Amsterdam): 1-45, 5 tabs, 4 figs, 27 append.

Pelseneer, P., 1888a. Report on the Pteropoda collected by H. M. S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876, 2. The Thecosomata Reports on the scientific. Results of the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876 (zool.) 23(1): 1-132, 2 figs, 2 pls.

Pruvot-Fol, A., 1954. Mollusques opisthobranches. Faune de France 58. Paris (Lechevalier): 1-460, 173 figs, 1 pl.

Rampal, J., 1968a. Les ptéropodes thécosomes en Méditerranée. Comm. Int. Explor. sci. Mer Méditerr.: 1-142, 6 tabs, 12 figs. (PhD thesis).

Rampal, J., 1973a. Clés de détermination des ptéropodes thécosomes de Méditerranée et de l'Atlantique euroafricain. Rev. Trav. Inst. Pàches Marit. (Paris) 37(3): 369-381.

Rampal, J., 1975. Les thécosomes (mollusques pélagiques). Systématique et évolution écologie et biogéographie méditerranéennes. Aix-Marseille (Thesis Univ. Provence CNRS AO 11932): 1-485, 15 tabs, 99 figs.

Rampal, J., 1977b. Diversité de structure de la coquille chez les thécosomes. Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Museo Civ. St. Nat. Milano 118(2): 207-211, 1 fig.

Richter, G., 1976b. Zur Frage der Verwandtschaftsbeziehung von Limacinidae und Cavolinidae. Arch. Moll. 107 (1/3): 137-144.

Strebel, H., 1908. Die Gastropoden (mit Ausnahme der nackten Opisthobranchier). In: O. Nordenskjöld (ed.). Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Schwedischen Südpolar-Expedition 1901-1903, 6. Zoologie, 2. Stockholm/Paris, etc. (Lithogr. Inst. Generalstabs/Haar and Steinert, etc.): 1-111, 6 pls.

Tesch, J. J., 1913c. Mollusca, Pteropoda. In: F. E. Schulze. Das Tierreich. Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen 36. Berlin (Friedberger and Sohn): i-xvi, 1-154, 108 figs.

Tesch, J. J., 1946. The thecosomatous pteropods, 1. The Atlantic. Dana Report 28: 1-82, 37 figs, 8 pls.

Tesch, J. J., 1947. Pteropoda Thecosomata. Fiches; conseil Intern. Expl. Mer. Zooplankton (sheet)8: 1-6, 13 figs.

Tesch, J. J., 1948. The thecosomatous pteropods, 2. The Indo-Pacific. Dana Report 30: 1-45, 34 figs, 3 pls.

Thiede, J., 1975b. Shell- and skeleton- producing plankton and nekton in the Eastern North Atlantic Ocean. 'Meteor' Forschungsergeb. (C)20: 33-79.

Spoel, S. van der and Boltovskoy, D., 1981. Pteropoda. In: Boltovskoy, D. (ed.). Atlas del zooplancton del Atlantico Sudoccidental. Publ. INIDEP Argentina: 493-512.

Spoel, S. van der and Heyman, R. P., 1983. A comparative atlas of zooplankton. Biological patterns in the oceans. Bunge, Utrecht; Springer Verl., Berlin: 1-186.

Spoel, S. van der, Boltovskoy, D. and Jankivich, S. S., 1981. Classification y distribucion. In: Boltovskoy, D. (ed.). Atlas del zooplancton del Atlantico Sudoccidental. Publ. INIDEP Argentina: 512-524.

Spoel, S. van der, 1964a. Notes on some pteropods from the North Atlantic. Beaufortia 10 (121): 167-176.

Spoel, S. van der, 1967. Euthecosomata, a group with remarkable developmental stages (Gastropoda, Pteropoda). J. Noorduyn and Zn, Gorinchem, 375 pp.

Summary (in Dutch also published separately)

Spoel, S. van der, 1970b. The pelagic Mollusca from the 'Atlantide' and 'Galathea' expeditions collected in the East Atlantic. Atlantide Reports 11: 99-139, 24 figs.

Spoel, S. van der, 1971d. The pelagic Mollusca from the "Atlantide" and "Galathea" Expeditions collected in the East Atlantic. Atlantide Rep. 11: 99-139.

Spoel, S. van der, 1972b. Pteropoda, Thecosomata. Cons. int. Expl. Mer. Zooplankton Sheet 140-142: 1-12.

Spoel, S. van der, 1973b. Growth, reproduction and vertical migration in Clio pyramidata Linnaeus, 1767 forma lanceolata (Lesueur, 1813) with notes on some other Cavoliniidae (Mollsuca, Pteropoda). Beaufortia 21 (281): 117-134.

Spoel, S. van der, 1973e. Pneumodermopsis teschi n. sp. and notes on some other Pteropoda of the "Thor Expeditions 1903-1910" (Gastropoda). Bull. zool. Mus. Univ. Amst. 3 (9): 53-64.

Spoel, S. van der, 1976a. Finer sculpture in euthecosomatous shells, and their value for taxonomy (Mollusca, Pteropoda). Beaufortia 24 (314): 105-132, pls I-X.

Spoel, S. van der, 1976c. Pseudothecosomata, Gymnosomata and Heteropoda. Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema, Utrecht. 484 pp. 246 figs.

Spoel, S. van der, 1981a. Descripcion de los conchas embrionarias de Cavoliniidae. In: Boltovskoy, D. (ed.). Atlas del zooplancton del Atlantico Sudoccidental. Publ. INIDEP Argentina: 525-531.

Spoel, S. van der, 1983b. Sur la répartition, la variation et la réproduction de quelques mollusques planctoniques (Ptéropodes). BIOMAR Univ. Bruxelles 2: 79-92.

Spoel, S. van der, 1987d. Five Pteropod species new for the Gulf of Alaska. Biol. Oceanogr. 5: 29-42.

Vayssiére, A., 1915a. Mollusques euptéropodes (ptéropodes thécosomes) provenant des campagnes des yachts Hirondelle et Princesse-Alice (1885-1913). Résul. Camp. Scient. accompl. yacht par Albert Ier, prince souverain de Monaco 47: 1-226, 14 pls.

Vayssiére, A., 1927a. Mollusques hétéropodes et euptéropodes provenant des campagnes des yachts Princesse-Alice I et Hirondelle II (1896-1915). Résul. Camp. Scient. accompl. yacht par Albert Ier, prince souverain de Monaco 71: 1-31, 1 pls.

Wells, F. E., 1978b. Subgeneric relationships in the euthecosomatous pteropod genus Limacina Bosc, 1817. J. malac. Soc. Aust. 4(1-2): 1-5, 1 tab.

Wells, F. E., 1983. First record of the euthecosomatous pteropod Limacina helicoides Jeffreys 1877 from the Indian Ocean. J. malac. Soc. Aust. 6: 89-90.

Limacina helicoides