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Bé, A. W. H. and Gilmer, A. W., 1977. A zoogeographic and taxonomic review of euthecosomatous Pteropoda. In: A. T. S., Ramsay (ed). Oceanic Micropalaeontology I. Acad. Press London: 733-808.

Boltovskoy, D., 1971a. Contribución al conocimiento de los pteropódos thecosomados sobre la plataforma continental Bonaerense. Revista del Museo de La Plata, (NS) 11 (Zoologia 100): 121-136, 1 tab., 8 figs.

Boltovskoy, D., 1975a. Ecological aspects of zooplankton (Foraminifera, Pteropoda and Chaetognatha) of the southwestern Atlantic Ocean. Veliger 18(2): 203-216, 3 tabs, 7 figs.

Chen, C., 1966. Calcareous zooplankton in the Scotia Sea and Drake Passage. Nature 212(5063): 678-681.

Chen, C., 1968b. The distribution of thecosomatous pteropods in relation to the Antarctic convergence. Antarctic J. U. S., (Sept.-Oct. 1968): 155-157, 6 figs.

Chen, C., 1978. Ecology of thecosomatous pteropods in the Scotia Sea and adjacent areas, Antarctic. Bull. Malac. R. O. C. 5: 1-22.

Coupin, H., 1892. Ptéropodes. In: Les mollusques, introduction à l'étude de leur organisation, développement, classification, affinités et principaux types. Paris (G. Carré): 179-192, figs 243-267.

Dadon, J. R. and Boltovskoy, D., 1982. Zooplanktonic recurrent groups (Pteropoda, Euphausiacea, Chaetognatha) in the southeastern Atlantic Ocean. Physis Secc., (A)41(100): 63-83.

Dadon, J. R., 1984a. Distribution y abundancia de pteropoda Thecosomata en el Atlantico Sudoccidental. Physis (Buenos Aires)(A) 42(102): 25-38.

Dadon, J. R., 1984b. Observaciones sobre dos formas de Limacina helicina (Mollusca, Pteropoda)[Obesrevations on two formae of Limacina helicina (Mollusca, Pteropoda) Physis (Buenos Aires)(A) 42(102): 10, 15.

Dadon, J. R., 1984b. Observaciones sobre dos formas de Limacina helicina (Mollusca, Pteropoda)[Obesrevations on two formae of Limacina helicina (Mollusca, Pteropoda) Physis (Buenos Aires)(A) 42(102): 10, 15.

Dadon, J. R., 1986 Distribucion y abundancia de pteropoda Thecosomata (Mollusca, Gastropoda) del Mart epicontinenetal Argentino y adyacencias Junio y Julio de 1978. Physis (Buenos Aires)(A) 44(106): 43-50.

Dadon, J. R., 1989. Pteropoda Euthecosomata del Mar Epicontinental Argentino y Adyacencias. Thesis Univ. Buenos Aires: 1-285. (mimiogr.)

Dadon, J. R., 1993. Thecosomata (Gastropoda) del oceano Antartico. Comsejo nacional de investigaciones cientificas y tecnicas, Instituto Antartico Argentino, Direccion nacional del Antartico: 49-52

Gould, A. A., 1852. United States exploring expedition. During the years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842. Under the command of Charles Wilkes, U. S. N. 12. Boston (Gould and Lincoln): i-xv, 1-510 (atlas: see Gould 1856).

Ikeda, T. and Hing, F. E., 1981. Metabolic activity of zooplankton from Antarctic Ocean. Aust. J. mar. Freshw. Res. 32(6): 921-930.

Ikeda, T., 1989. Are Antarctic zooplankton metabolically more cold-adapted than Arctic zooplankton? An intra-generic composition of oxygen consumption rates. J. Plankt. Res. 11(3): 619-624.

Kennett, J. P., 1979. Recent zoogeography of antarctic plankton microfossils. In: Spoel, S. van der and Pierrot-Bults, A. C. (eds). Zoogeography and diversity in plankton. Utrecht (Bunge Sci. Publ.): 328-355.

Lalli, C. M., 1974. Shipboard observations on the biology of gymnosomatous pteropods from the South Atlantic and Antarctic Oceans. Bull. Amer. malac. Soc. Inc: 69.

Magaldi, N. H., 1981. Moluscos holoplanktonicos del Atlantico sudoccidental, 4. Thecosomados y gimnosomados de la campana del 'Hero' entre Puerto Despeado y Buenos Aires. Com. Soc. Malacol. Uruguay 5(4): 381-388.

Manteufel, B. P., 1937. Contribution to the pteropod mollusc Clione limacina Phipps. Bull. Soc. Natur. Moscou (biol.) 46(1): 25-33. [in Russian]

Massy, A. L., 1920. Eupteropoda (Pteropoda Thecosomata) and Pterota (Pteropoda Gymnosomata). British Antarctic ('Terra Nova') Expedition 1910, Nat. Hist. Rep., Zoology 2(9). Mollusca, 3: 203-232, 9 figs.

Meisenheimer, J., 1906a. Die Pteropoden der deutschen Südpolar-Expedition 1901-1903. Deutsch. Südpol.-Exp. 1901-1903, 9 (Zool.) 1(2): 92-153, pls 5-7.

Newman, L. J., 1990. Holoplanktonic molluscs (Gastropoda; Thecosomata, Gymnosomata, and Heteropoda) from the waters of Australia and Papua New Guinea: their taxonomy, distribution and biology. PhD Thesis Univ. Qld. Australia. 208 pp.

Pelseneer, P., 1888a. Report on the Pteropoda collected by H. M. S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876, 2. The Thecosomata Reports on the scientific. Results of the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876 (zool.) 23(1): 1-132, 2 figs, 2 pls.

Pelseneer, P., 1888b. Report on the Pteropoda collected by H. M. S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876, 3. Anatomy Reports on the scientific. Results of the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876(zool.) 23(2): 1-97, 1 tab., 5 figs, 5 pls.

Pierrot-Bults, A. C. and Spoel, S. van der, 1979a. Speciation in macrozooplankton. In: Spoel, S. van der and Pierrot-Bults, A. C. (eds). Zoogeography and diversity in plankton. Utrecht (Bunge Sci. Publ.): 144-167.

Preston, H. B., 1916. Descriptions of eight new species of marine Mollusca from the South Shetland Islands. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (8)18(105): 269-272, pl. 13.

Rao, T. S. S., 1979. Zoogeography of the Indian Ocean. In: Spoel, S. van der and Pierrot-Bults, A. C. (eds). Zoogeography and diversity in plankton. Utrecht (Bunge Sci. Publ.): 254-292.

Tesch, J. J., 1908. The Pteropoda of the Leyden museum. Notes Leiden Mus. 29: 181-203, pl. 7.

Tesch, J. J., 1913c. Mollusca, Pteropoda. In: F. E. Schulze. Das Tierreich. Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen 36. Berlin (Friedberger and Sohn): i-xvi, 1-154, 108 figs.

Spoel, S. van der and Boltovskoy, D., 1981. Pteropoda. In: Boltovskoy, D. (ed.). Atlas del zooplancton del Atlantico Sudoccidental. Publ. INIDEP Argentina: 493-512.

Spoel, S. van der and Heyman, R. P., 1983. A comparative atlas of zooplankton. Biological patterns in the oceans. Bunge, Utrecht; Springer Verl., Berlin: 1-186.

Spoel, S. van der, Boltovskoy, D. and Jankivich, S. S., 1981. Classification y distribucion. In: Boltovskoy, D. (ed.). Atlas del zooplancton del Atlantico Sudoccidental. Publ. INIDEP Argentina: 512-524.

Spoel, S. van der, 1967. Euthecosomata, a group with remarkable developmental stages (Gastropoda, Pteropoda). J. Noorduyn and Zn, Gorinchem, 375 pp.

Summary (in Dutch also published separately)

Spoel, S. van der, 1971b. Some problems in infraspecific classification of holoplanktonic animals. Zeitschr. Zool. Syst. Evol. 9 (2): 107-138.

Spoel, S. van der, 1976c. Pseudothecosomata, Gymnosomata and Heteropoda. Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema, Utrecht. 484 pp. 246 figs.

Spoel, S. van der, 1981a. Descripcion de los conchas embrionarias de Cavoliniidae. In: Boltovskoy, D. (ed.). Atlas del zooplancton del Atlantico Sudoccidental. Publ. INIDEP Argentina: 525-531.

Spoel, S. van der, 1983a. Patterns in plankton distribution and their relation to speciation. The dawn of pelagic biogeography. In: Sims, R. W., Price, J. H. and Whalley, P. E. S. (Eds). Evolution, time and space: the emergence of the biosphere. London, Acad. Press: 291-334.

Spoel, S. van der, 1983b. Sur la répartition, la variation et la réproduction de quelques mollusques planctoniques (Ptéropodes). BIOMAR Univ. Bruxelles 2: 79-92.

Spoel, S. van der, 1988. Patterns in plankton distribution and their relation to speciation. The dawn of pelagic biogeography. In: R. W. Sims, J. H. Price and P. E. S. Whalley (Eds) [S. I. Golovania et al(transl.)] . Evolution, time and space: the emergence of the biosphere. Moskva, Progress: 251-290.

Woodward, S. P., 1854. A manual of the Mollusca; or, a rudimentary treatise of recent and fossil shells. London (J. Weale): i-xvi, 1-486, 272 figs, 24 pls.

Limacina helicina antarctica antarctica