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Abbott, R. T., 1974. (2 ed.). American seashells. New York, Cincinnati, Toronto, London, Melbourne (van Nostrand Reinhold Co.): 1-663, 6405 figs.

Almogi-Labin, A., 1975. Pleistocene and holocene pteropods from the eastern Mediterranean and the Gulf of Elat. 4th Rap. H. Steinitz Mar. biol. Lab. Elat: 14-15 (mimiogr.).

Ambrosiano, G. and Gaglini, A., 1982. Profilo di Cuvierina columnella (Rang, 1827) (Thecosomata, Cavoliniidae). Notiz. Cent.o Ital. Studi Malacologici 4(1/2): 16-18.

Aron, W., 1960. Animals in the eastern North Pacific and its relationship to physical and chemical conditions. Univ. Wash. Dep. oceanogr. Tech Rep. 63: 65-154 .

Bé, A. W. H. and Gilmer, A. W., 1977. A zoogeographic and taxonomic review of euthecosomatous Pteropoda. In: A. T. S., Ramsay (ed). Oceanic Micropalaeontology I. Acad. Press London: 733-808.

Bellini, R., 1905b. Les ptéropodes des terrains tertiaires en quaternaires d'Italie. Ann. Soc. r. zool. malac. Belgique 40: 23-45, figs 9-47.

Benson, W. H., 1835b. Corrected character of the genus Cuvieria of Rang, and notice of a second species inhabiting the tropical Indian Ocean. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 4(48): 698.

Boas, J. E. V., 1886a. Bidrag til Pteropodernes. Morfologi of Systematik samt til Kundskaben om deres geografiske Udbredelse- Spolia Atlantica- Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. (6 Raekke) naturv. math. IV (1): 1-231.

Cook, B., 1989. Recent finds-pteropods. Hawaii Shell News 37(12): 5.

Croce, N. della and Frontier, S., 1966. Thecosomatous pteropods from the Mozambique Channel. Boll. Mus. Inst. Biol. Univ. Genova 34(207): 107-113, map.

Orbigny, A. d', 1836-1844. Mollusques, echinodermes, foraminifäres et polypiers, recueillis aux Iles Canaries par MM. Webb et Berthelot. In: P. B. Webb and S. Berthelot (eds). Histoire naturelle des Iles Canaries 2(2): 1-117, 7 pls.

Deshayes, G. P. and Milne Edwards, H., 1836. Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertebres, présentant les caracteres généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales especes qui s'y rapportent; précédée d'une introduction offrant la détermination des caracteres essentiels de l'animal, sa distinction du végétal et des autres corps naturels; enfin, l`exposition des principes fondamentaux de la zoologie, par J. B. P. A. de Lamarck. Deuxieme édition, revue et augmentée de notes présentant les faits nouveaux dont la science s'est enrichie jusqu'à ce jour, 7. Histoire des mollusques. Paris (J. B. Bailliere): 1-736.

Frontier, S., 1963a. Héteropods et ptéropodes récoltes dans le plankton de Nosy-Bé. Cah. ORSTOM 6(2): 213-227.

Frontier, S., 1963c. Zooplancton récolté en mer d'Arabie, Golfe Persique et Golfe d'Aden, 2. Ptéropodes, systématique et répartition. Cahiers ORSTOM, sér. océanogr. 6 (sér. Nosy-Bé, 2): 233-254.

Frontier, S., 1966a. Liste complémentaire des ptéropodes du plancton de Nosy-Bé (Madagascar). Cah. ORSTOM 4(2): 141-146.

Gardner, N. W., 1979. Sea butterflies. Poirieria 10 (1): 13-20.

Gray, J. E., 1846. A list of the genera of recent Mollusca, their synonyms and types. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 15: 129-219.

Gray, J. E., 1850. Catalogue of the Mollusca in the collection of the British Museum, 2. Pteropoda. London (British Museum, E. Newman): iv + 45 pp.

Grossman, E. L., Betzer, P. R., Dudley, W. C. and Dunbar, R. B., 1986. Stable isotopic variation in pteropods and atlantids from north Pacific sediment traps. Mar. Micropaleont. 10(1-3): 9-22.

Herman, Y., 1971b. Vertical and horizontal distribution of pteropods in quaternary sequences. In: B. M. Funnel and W. R. Riedel. The micropalaeontology of oceans: 468-486. Univ. Press, Cambridge.

Hida, T. S., 1957. Chaetognaths and pteropods as biological indicators in the North Pacific. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Special Science. Report Fisheries 215: 1-13.

Kramp, P. L., 1922. Kinetocodium danae n. g., n. sp. a new gymnoblastic hydroid parasitic in pteropod. Meddr Dansk naturhist. Foren. KÌbenhavn 74: 1-21, 8 figs, 1 pl.

MacPherson, J. H. and Gabriel, C. L., 1962. Marine mollusca of Victoria. Thecosomata: 248-250.

Massy, A. L., 1920. Eupteropoda (Pteropoda Thecosomata) and Pterota (Pteropoda Gymnosomata). British Antarctic ('Terra Nova') Expedition 1910, Nat. Hist. Rep., Zoology 2(9). Mollusca, 3: 203-232, 9 figs.

McGowan, J. A., 1967. Distributional atlas of pelagic molluscs in the California Current region. CALCOFI Atlas 6: 1-218.

McGowan, J. A., 1968. The Thecosomata and Gymnosomata of California. Veliger 3 (suppl.): 103-130, pls 12-20.

Minichev, Y. S., 1965. Nervous system of primitive Opisthobranchia. Vestnik Leningradskogo Univer. (biol.)9(2): 13-25. [in Russian]

Newman, L. J., 1990. Holoplanktonic molluscs (Gastropoda; Thecosomata, Gymnosomata, and Heteropoda) from the waters of Australia and Papua New Guinea: their taxonomy, distribution and biology. PhD Thesis Univ. Qld. Australia. 208 pp.

Peck, J. I., 1894. Scientific results of explorations by the U. S. Fish commission steamer Albatross, 26. Report on the pteropods and heteropods collected by the U. S. Fish commission steamer Albatross during the voyage from Norfolk, Va., to San Francisco, Cal., 1887-1888, 1. The thecosomatous pteropods. Proc. U. S. Nat. Museum, (1893) 16: 451-466, pls 53-55.

Pelseneer, P., 1888a. Report on the Pteropoda collected by H. M. S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876, 2. The Thecosomata Reports on the scientific. Results of the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876 (zool.) 23(1): 1-132, 2 figs, 2 pls.

Pfeffer, G., 1879 (1880a). Übersicht der während der Reise um die Erde in den Jahren 1874-1876 auf S. M. Schiff 'Gazelle' und von Hrn. Dr. F. Jagor auf seiner Reise nach den Philippinen in den Jahren 1857-1861 gesammelten Pteropoden. Monatsber. Kgl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin (1879): 230-246, 20 figs.

Pietzner, H. and Richter, G., 1986. Rezente Phosphorit Bildung im Auftriebsgebiet vor der NW-afrikanischen Küste. Senckenbergiana marit. 17 (4-6): 333-377, 5 tabs, 12 pls.

Quoy, J. R. C. and Gaimard, J., 1825. Description de cinq genres de mollusques, et de quatre genres de zoophytes, découverts pendant le voyage autour du monde commandé par M. L. de Freycinet. Ann. Sci. Nat. (1)6: 74-88, pl. 2.

Rampal, J., 1975. Les thécosomes (mollusques pélagiques). Systématique et évolution écologie et biogéographie méditerranéennes. Aix-Marseille (Thesis Univ. Provence CNRS AO 11932): 1-485, 15 tabs, 99 figs.

Rang, P. C. A. L., 1827a. Description de deux genres nouveaux (Cuvieria et Euribia) appartenant à la classe des ptéropodes. Ann. Sci. Nat. 12: 320-329, pl. 45B (plate is dated 1826!)

Rang, P. C. A. L., 1828b. Notice sur quelques mollusques nouveaux appartenant au genre Cléodore, et établissement et monographie du sous-genre Créseis. Ann. Sci. Nat. 13: 302-319, pls 17-18.

Rao, T. S. S., 1979. Zoogeography of the Indian Ocean. In: Spoel, S. van der and Pierrot-Bults, A. C. (eds). Zoogeography and diversity in plankton. Utrecht (Bunge Sci. Publ.): 254-292.

Richter, G., 1976b. Zur Frage der Verwandtschaftsbeziehung von Limacinidae und Cavolinidae. Arch. Moll. 107 (1/3): 137-144.

Richter, G., 1979. Die thecosomen Pteropoden der "Meteor"-Expedition in den Indischen Ozean 1964/65. "Meteor" Forsch. Ergebnisse (D) 29: 1-29.

Rottman, M., 1976. Euthecosomatous pteropods (Mollusca) in the Gulf of Thailand and the South China Sea: seasonal distribution and species associations. Naga Rep. 4 (6): 1-117.

Rottmann, M. L., 1978. Ecology and recurrent groups of pteropods, euphasiids and chaetognaths in the Gulf of Thailand and the South China Sea. Mar. Biol. 48(1): 63-78, 7 tabs, 4 figs.

Sakthivel, M., 1967. A preliminary report on the distribution and relative abundance of Euthecosomata with a note on the seasonal variation of Limacina species in the Indian Ocean. In: Proc. Symp. 'Indian Ocean' March 1967. Bull. N. I. S. I. 38: 700-717, 17 figs.

Sakthivel, M., 1976a. Geographical and seasonal distribution of Euthecosomata (Pteropoda, Gastropoda) in the Indian Ocean. Meteor Forsch. Ergebniss D23: 1-22.

Sakthivel, M., 1977. Further studies of plankton ecosystems in the eastern Indian Ocean, 8. Seasonal, diurnul and latitudinal variations in abundance of Euthecosomata along the 110° meridian. Aust. J. Mar. Freshw. Research 28(5): 663-671.

Schalk, P. H., 1990. Spatial and seasonal variation in pteropods (Mollusca) of Indo-malayan waters related to watermass distribution. Mar. Biol. 105: 59-71.

Solis, N. B. and Westernhagen, H. von , 1978. Vertical distribution of euthecosomatous pteropods in the upper 100 m. of the Hilutangan Channel Cebu, The Philippines. Mar. Biol. 48(1): 79-87.

Souleyet, [F. L. A.], 1851. (introd. S. Petit) Ordre des ptéropodes. J. Conchyl. 2: 28-38.

Souleyet, [F. L. A.], 1852a. In: Eydoux, [F.] and Souleyet, [F. L. A.]. Voyage autour du monde exécuté pendant les années 1836 et 1837 sur la corvette 'La Bonite', commandée par M. Vaillant, capitaine de vaisseau, publié par ordre du Gouvernement sous les auspices du département de la marine. Zoologie, 2. Paris (A. Bertrand): 1-664. Atlas (undated): 8 pp., mammifäres pls 1-12, oiseaux pls 1-10, reptiles pls 1-10, poissons pls 1-10, crustacés pls 1-5, insectes pls 1-2, mollusques pls 1-15, 15bis, 16-23, 23bis, 24, 24bis, 24 A-E, 25-45, zoophytes pls 1-2, vers pl. 1.

Starobogatov, J. I., 1971. Ordo Thecosomata; ordo Gymnosomata; ordo Heteropoda. In: Polevoy Zool. Inst. Akad. Moscou. opredeliteli planktona (without page or figure numbers, not bound, mimiographed). [in Russsian]

Taki, I. and Okutani, T., 1962. Reports on the biology of the 'Umitaka-Maru' expedition, 2. Planktonic Gastropoda collected by the trainning vessel 'Umitaka-Maru' from the Pacific and Indian Oceans in the course of het Antarctic expedition, 1956. J. Fac. Fish. Anim. Husb. Hiroshima Univ. 4: 81-97.

Tesch, J. J., 1904. The Thecosomata and Gymnosomata of the Siboga Expedition. Siboga Rep. 52: 1-92, 156 figs.

Tesch, J. J., 1913c. Mollusca, Pteropoda. In: F. E. Schulze. Das Tierreich. Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen 36. Berlin (Friedberger and Sohn): i-xvi, 1-154, 108 figs.

Tesch, J. J., 1948. The thecosomatous pteropods, 2. The Indo-Pacific. Dana Report 30: 1-45, 34 figs, 3 pls.

Tokioka, T., 1955c. On some plankton animals collected by the Syunkotu-Maru in May-June 1954, 4. Thecosomatous pteropods. Publ. Seto mar. biol. Lab. 5(1): 59-74, pls 7-13.

Spoel, S. van der, 1967. Euthecosomata, a group with remarkable developmental stages (Gastropoda, Pteropoda). J. Noorduyn and Zn, Gorinchem, 375 pp.

Summary (in Dutch also published separately)

Spoel, S. van der, 1968b. The shell and its shape in Cavoliniidae (Pteropoda Gastropoda). Beaufortia 15 (206): 185-189.

Spoel, S. van der, 1970a. Morphometric data in Cavoliniidae with notes on a new forma of Cuvierina columnella (Rang, 1927) (Gastropoda, Pteropoda). Basteria 34 (5-6): 103-151.

Spoel, S. van der, 1976c. Pseudothecosomata, Gymnosomata and Heteropoda. Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema, Utrecht. 484 pp. 246 figs.

Wells, F. E., 1976a. A preliminary examination of euthecosomatous pteropods off the central coast of western Australia. Rec. West Aust. Mus. 4(4): 327-334.

Wells, F. E., 1976d. Identification of juvenile stage of Cuvierina columnella (Rang, 1827). J. Conchol. Paris 113(3-4): 77-82.

Wells, F. E., 1978a. Distribution of thecosomatous pteropods off the central coast of western Australia. Aust. J. Mar. Freshw. Res. 29(6): 853-858, 4 figs.

Yamaji, I., 1991. Illustrations of the marine plankton of Japan. 3°Ed. Hoikusha Publ. Co. Ltd, Osaka.: 1-538.

Zhang, F., 1964. The pelagic molluscs off the China coast, 1. A systematic study of Pteropoda (Opisthobranchia), Heteropoda (Prosobranchia) and Janthinidae (Ptenoglossa, Prosobranchia). Stud. Mar. Sinica 5: 125-226.

Cuvierina columnella columnella