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Abbott, R. T., 1974. (2 ed.). American seashells. New York, Cincinnati, Toronto, London, Melbourne (van Nostrand Reinhold Co.): 1-663, 6405 figs.

Aron, W., 1960. Animals in the eastern North Pacific and its relationship to physical and chemical conditions. Univ. Wash. Dep. oceanogr. Tech Rep. 63: 65-154 .

Bé, A. W. H. and Gilmer, A. W., 1977. A zoogeographic and taxonomic review of euthecosomatous Pteropoda. In: A. T. S., Ramsay (ed). Oceanic Micropalaeontology I. Acad. Press London: 733-808.

Benson, W. H., 1837. Notice on Balantium, a genus of the pteropodous Mollusca; with the characters of a new species inhabiting the southern Indian Ocean. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal. 6(1): 150-152.

Boas, J. E. V., 1886a. Bidrag til Pteropodernes. Morfologi of Systematik samt til Kundskaben om deres geografiske Udbredelse- Spolia Atlantica- Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. (6 Raekke) naturv. math. IV (1): 1-231.

Chenu, J. C., 1859. Manuel de conchyliologie et de paléontologie conchyliologique, 1. Paris (Masson): i-vii, 1-508, 3707 figs.

Orbigny, A. d', 1836-1846. Voyage dans l'Amérique méridionale (le Brésil, la république orientale de l'Uruguay, la république Argentine, la Patagonie, la république du Chili, la république de Bolivia, la république du Pérou), exécuté pendant les années 1826, 1827, 1828, 1829, 1830, 1831, 1832 et 1833, 5(3). Mollusques. Paris (Bertrand).

1-48 are from 1835.

49-184 are from 1836.

185-376 are from 1837.

377-408 are from 1840.

409-488 are from 1841.

489-758 are from 1846.

atlas 20 pls is from 1846.

Fabry, V. J., 1989a. Aragonite production by pteropod mollusks in the subarctic Pacific. Deep-Sea Res. 36: 1735-1751.

Franc, A., 1959. 10 Mollusques pélagiques. Campagne de la 'Calypso': Gulfe de Guinée. Ann. Inst. Océanogr. (NS) 37(4): 241-244, 1 fig.

Furnestin, M. L., 1979. Aspects of the zoogeography of Mediterranean plankton. In: S. van der Spoel and A. C. Pierrot-Bults (eds). Zoogeography and diversity in plankton. Utrecht (Bunge Sci. Publ.): 191-253.

Gray, J. E., 1842a (44th edition). Synopsis of the contents of the British Museum. London (G. Woodfall).

Gray, J. E., 1846. A list of the genera of recent Mollusca, their synonyms and types. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 15: 129-219.

Gray, J. E., 1850. Catalogue of the Mollusca in the collection of the British Museum, 2. Pteropoda. London (British Museum, E. Newman): iv + 45 pp.

Haagensen, D. A., 1976 Caribbean zooplankton. Part II. Thecosomata. Off. Nav. Res. Dept. of the Navy. U. S. Govt. Print Off. Washington D. C.: 551-712.

Hida, T. S., 1957. Chaetognaths and pteropods as biological indicators in the North Pacific. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Special Science. Report Fisheries 215: 1-13.

Johnson, C. W., 1934. List of marine Mollusca of the Atlantic coast from Labrador to Texas. Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 40(1): 1-204.

Kramp, P. L., 1922. Kinetocodium danae n. g., n. sp. a new gymnoblastic hydroid parasitic in pteropod. Meddr Dansk naturhist. Foren. KÌbenhavn 74: 1-21, 8 figs, 1 pl.

Lalli, C. M. and Wells, F. E., 1978. Reproduction in the genus Limacina (Opisthobranchia: Thecosomata). J. Zool. London. 186: 95-108.

McGowan, J. A., 1960. The systematics, distribution, and abundance of the Euthecosomata of the North Pacific. San Diego (Ph. D. thesis University of California): 1-212, 17 tabs, 54 figs.

McGowan, J. A., 1967. Distributional atlas of pelagic molluscs in the California Current region. CALCOFI Atlas 6: 1-218.

McGowan, J. A., 1968. The Thecosomata and Gymnosomata of California. Veliger 3 (suppl.): 103-130, pls 12-20.

Meisenheimer, J., 1905c. Pteropoda. Deutsch. Tiefsee Exp. 1898-1899 IX: 1-314, Atlas Pl. 1-27 Map 1-9.

Michel, H. B. and Michel, J. F., 1991 Heteropoda and Thecosomata (Mollusca: Pteropoda) macroplankton in the Florida straits. Bull. Mar. Sci. 49(1/2): 562-574.

Michel, H. B., 1985. The fuzzy seabutterfly. Sea Frontiers 31(3): 181-182.

Monterosato, T. A. di, 1878a. Enumerazione e sinonimia delle conchiglie mediterranee. Giorn. Sci. nat. econ., Soc. Sci. nat. econ. Palermo 13: 61-115.i

Newman, L. J., 1990. Holoplanktonic molluscs (Gastropoda; Thecosomata, Gymnosomata, and Heteropoda) from the waters of Australia and Papua New Guinea: their taxonomy, distribution and biology. PhD Thesis Univ. Qld. Australia. 208 pp.

Ode, H., 1991. Distribution and records of the marine mollusca in the North-West Gulf of Mexico. Texas Conch. 27(3/4): 72-83.

Okutani, T., 1965. Heteropoda and Thecosomata in the Kuroshio. Bull. Plankt. Japan 12: 37-39.

Pafort-van Iersel, G. J. S., 1985a. Contributions to pelagic zoogeography of the mid North Atlantic Ocean, 1. Distribution of pteropods, heteropods and silver hatchetfishes. In: G. J. S. Pafort-van Iersel. A contribution to pelagic zoogeography of the mid North Atlantic Ocean (7th paper) (Thesis Univ. van Amsterdam): 1-45, 5 tabs, 4 figs, 27 append.

Peck, J. I., 1894. Scientific results of explorations by the U. S. Fish commission steamer Albatross, 26. Report on the pteropods and heteropods collected by the U. S. Fish commission steamer Albatross during the voyage from Norfolk, Va., to San Francisco, Cal., 1887-1888, 1. The thecosomatous pteropods. Proc. U. S. Nat. Museum, (1893) 16: 451-466, pls 53-55.

Pelseneer, P., 1888a. Report on the Pteropoda collected by H. M. S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876, 2. The Thecosomata Reports on the scientific. Results of the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876 (zool.) 23(1): 1-132, 2 figs, 2 pls.

Pfeffer, G., 1880b. Die Pteropoden des Hamburger Museums. Abhandlu. Naturwissensch. Ver. Hamburg 7: 69-99, pl. 7.

Quenstedt, F. A., 1885 (3rd edition). Handbuch der Petrefaktenkunde. Tübingen (Laupp): viii + 1239 pp., atlas 100 pls.

Rampal, J., 1968a. Les ptéropodes thécosomes en Méditerranée. Comm. Int. Explor. sci. Mer Méditerr.: 1-142, 6 tabs, 12 figs. (PhD thesis).

Rampal, J., 1978. Thecosomes tropicaux dans les sediments de la mer Tyrrhenienne. Abstr. Congr. Assoc. plén. Antalya: 1-8.

Rampal, J., 1978. Thecosomes tropicaux dans les sediments de la mer Tyrrhenienne. Abstr. Congr. Assoc. plén. Antalya: 1-8.

Rampal, J., 1979. Thécosomes tropicaux dans les sédiments de la mer Tyrrhénienne. Rapp. Comm. Intern. Mer Méditerr. 25/26 (8): 149-150, 1 fig.

Rampal, J., 1979. Thécosomes tropicaux dans les sédiments de la mer Tyrrhénienne. Rapp. Comm. Intern. Mer Méditerr. 25/26 (8): 149-150, 1 fig.

Rampal, J., 1980a. Biogeographie Méditerranéne d'apres l'etude des Thécosome (Mollusques pelagiques). J. Etud. Syst. Biogeogr. Médit Cagliari CIESM: 45-54.

Rampal, J., 1980b. Conclusion. J. Etud. Syst. Biogeogr. Médit Cagliari CIESM: 191-197.

Rang, P. C. A. L., 1834. Guér. Mag. Zool. 4: 2 pp., pl. 44.

Ros, J., 1976. Catálogo provisional de los Opistobranquios (Gastropoda, Euthyneura) de las costas ibéricas. Miscel. Zool. 3(5): 21-48.

Rottman, M., 1976. Euthecosomatous pteropods (Mollusca) in the Gulf of Thailand and the South China Sea: seasonal distribution and species associations. Naga Rep. 4 (6): 1-117.

Rottmann, M. L., 1978. Ecology and recurrent groups of pteropods, euphasiids and chaetognaths in the Gulf of Thailand and the South China Sea. Mar. Biol. 48(1): 63-78, 7 tabs, 4 figs.

Sakthivel, M., 1967. A preliminary report on the distribution and relative abundance of Euthecosomata with a note on the seasonal variation of Limacina species in the Indian Ocean. In: Proc. Symp. 'Indian Ocean' March 1967. Bull. N. I. S. I. 38: 700-717, 17 figs.

Souleyet, [F. L. A.], 1851. (introd. S. Petit) Ordre des ptéropodes. J. Conchyl. 2: 28-38.

Souleyet, [F. L. A.], 1852a. In: Eydoux, [F.] and Souleyet, [F. L. A.]. Voyage autour du monde exécuté pendant les années 1836 et 1837 sur la corvette 'La Bonite', commandée par M. Vaillant, capitaine de vaisseau, publié par ordre du Gouvernement sous les auspices du département de la marine. Zoologie, 2. Paris (A. Bertrand): 1-664. Atlas (undated): 8 pp., mammifäres pls 1-12, oiseaux pls 1-10, reptiles pls 1-10, poissons pls 1-10, crustacés pls 1-5, insectes pls 1-2, mollusques pls 1-15, 15bis, 16-23, 23bis, 24, 24bis, 24 A-E, 25-45, zoophytes pls 1-2, vers pl. 1.

Souleyet, [F. L. A.], 1852b. In: Rang, P. C. A. L. and Souleyet, [F. L. A.]: Histoire Naturelles de mollusques Ptéropodes. Monographie comprenant la description de toutes les espèces. J. B. Baillière, Paris: 1-86.

Starobogatov, J. I., 1971. Ordo Thecosomata; ordo Gymnosomata; ordo Heteropoda. In: Polevoy Zool. Inst. Akad. Moscou. opredeliteli planktona (without page or figure numbers, not bound, mimiographed). [in Russsian]

Tesch, J. J., 1904. The Thecosomata and Gymnosomata of the Siboga Expedition. Siboga Rep. 52: 1-92, 156 figs.

Tesch, J. J., 1908. The Pteropoda of the Leyden museum. Notes Leiden Mus. 29: 181-203, pl. 7.

Tesch, J. J., 1913c. Mollusca, Pteropoda. In: F. E. Schulze. Das Tierreich. Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen 36. Berlin (Friedberger and Sohn): i-xvi, 1-154, 108 figs.

Tesch, J. J., 1946. The thecosomatous pteropods, 1. The Atlantic. Dana Report 28: 1-82, 37 figs, 8 pls.

Tesch, J. J., 1948. The thecosomatous pteropods, 2. The Indo-Pacific. Dana Report 30: 1-45, 34 figs, 3 pls.

Tokioka, T., 1961. The structure of the operculum of the species of Atlantidae (Gastropoda: Heteropoda) as a taxonomic criterion, with records of some pelagic mollusks in the North Pacific. Publ. Seto mar. biol. Lab. 9(2): 267-332 (art. 15, pp. 1-86).

Troschel, F. H., 1854. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Pteropoden. Arch. Naturgeschichte 20(1): 196-241, pls 8-10.

Spoel, S. van der and Boltovskoy, D., 1981. Pteropoda. In: Boltovskoy, D. (ed.). Atlas del zooplancton del Atlantico Sudoccidental. Publ. INIDEP Argentina: 493-512.

Spoel, S. van der, Boltovskoy, D. and Jankivich, S. S., 1981. Classification y distribucion. In: Boltovskoy, D. (ed.). Atlas del zooplancton del Atlantico Sudoccidental. Publ. INIDEP Argentina: 512-524.

Spoel, S. van der, 1967. Euthecosomata, a group with remarkable developmental stages (Gastropoda, Pteropoda). J. Noorduyn and Zn, Gorinchem, 375 pp.

Summary (in Dutch also published separately)

Spoel, S. van der, 1968b. The shell and its shape in Cavoliniidae (Pteropoda Gastropoda). Beaufortia 15 (206): 185-189.

Spoel, S. van der, 1970b. The pelagic Mollusca from the 'Atlantide' and 'Galathea' expeditions collected in the East Atlantic. Atlantide Reports 11: 99-139, 24 figs.

Spoel, S. van der, 1971d. The pelagic Mollusca from the "Atlantide" and "Galathea" Expeditions collected in the East Atlantic. Atlantide Rep. 11: 99-139.

Spoel, S. van der, 1976c. Pseudothecosomata, Gymnosomata and Heteropoda. Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema, Utrecht. 484 pp. 246 figs.

Spoel, S. van der, 1981a. Descripcion de los conchas embrionarias de Cavoliniidae. In: Boltovskoy, D. (ed.). Atlas del zooplancton del Atlantico Sudoccidental. Publ. INIDEP Argentina: 525-531.

Verrill, A. E., 1882. Catalogue of marine Mollusca added to the fauna of the New England region, during the past ten years. Trans. Conn. Acad. Sci. 5: 447-599, pls 42, 44, 57-58.

Wells, F. E., 1975a. Comparison of euthecosomatous pteropods in the plankton and sediments off Barbados, West Indies. Proc. malac. Soc. London 41: 503-509, 4 figs.

Wells, F. E., 1976a. A preliminary examination of euthecosomatous pteropods off the central coast of western Australia. Rec. West Aust. Mus. 4(4): 327-334.

Wells, F. E., 1976c. Seasonal patterns of abundance and reproduction of euthecosomatous pteropods off Barbados, West Indies. Veliger 18(3): 241-248, 2 tabs, 7 figs.

Wells, F. E., 1978a. Distribution of thecosomatous pteropods off the central coast of western Australia. Aust. J. Mar. Freshw. Res. 29(6): 853-858, 4 figs.

Yamaji, I., 1991. Illustrations of the marine plankton of Japan. 3°Ed. Hoikusha Publ. Co. Ltd, Osaka.: 1-538.

Zhang, F., 1964. The pelagic molluscs off the China coast, 1. A systematic study of Pteropoda (Opisthobranchia), Heteropoda (Prosobranchia) and Janthinidae (Ptenoglossa, Prosobranchia). Stud. Mar. Sinica 5: 125-226.

Clio recurva