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Adams, H. and Adams, A., 1853-1858. The genera of recent Mollusca, arranged according to their organization, 1-2. London (van Voorst): 1-256, pls 1-32, 1853; 257-484, pls 33-60, 1854 (1); 1-92, pls 61-72, 1854; 93-284, pls 73-96, 1855; 285-412, pls 97-112, 1856; 413-540, pls 113-128, 1857; 541-661, pls 129-138, 1858 (2).

Bé, A. W. H. and Gilmer, A. W., 1977. A zoogeographic and taxonomic review of euthecosomatous Pteropoda. In: A. T. S., Ramsay (ed). Oceanic Micropalaeontology I. Acad. Press London: 733-808.

Boas, J. E. V., 1886a. Bidrag til Pteropodernes. Morfologi of Systematik samt til Kundskaben om deres geografiske Udbredelse- Spolia Atlantica- Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. (6 Raekke) naturv. math. IV (1): 1-231.

Boltovskoy, D., 1975a. Ecological aspects of zooplankton (Foraminifera, Pteropoda and Chaetognatha) of the southwestern Atlantic Ocean. Veliger 18(2): 203-216, 3 tabs, 7 figs.

Chen, C., 1966. Calcareous zooplankton in the Scotia Sea and Drake Passage. Nature 212(5063): 678-681.

Chen, C., 1968b. The distribution of thecosomatous pteropods in relation to the Antarctic convergence. Antarctic J. U. S., (Sept.-Oct. 1968): 155-157, 6 figs.

Chen, C., 1978. Ecology of thecosomatous pteropods in the Scotia Sea and adjacent areas, Antarctic. Bull. Malac. R. O. C. 5: 1-22.

Orbigny, A. d', 1836-1846. Voyage dans l'Amérique méridionale (le Brésil, la république orientale de l'Uruguay, la république Argentine, la Patagonie, la république du Chili, la république de Bolivia, la république du Pérou), exécuté pendant les années 1826, 1827, 1828, 1829, 1830, 1831, 1832 et 1833, 5(3). Mollusques. Paris (Bertrand).

1-48 are from 1835.

49-184 are from 1836.

185-376 are from 1837.

377-408 are from 1840.

409-488 are from 1841.

489-758 are from 1846.

atlas 20 pls is from 1846.

Dadon, J. R., 1984a. Distribution y abundancia de pteropoda Thecosomata en el Atlantico Sudoccidental. Physis (Buenos Aires)(A) 42(102): 25-38.

Dadon, J. R., 1986 Distribucion y abundancia de pteropoda Thecosomata (Mollusca, Gastropoda) del Mart epicontinenetal Argentino y adyacencias Junio y Julio de 1978. Physis (Buenos Aires)(A) 44(106): 43-50.

Dadon, J. R., 1989. Pteropoda Euthecosomata del Mar Epicontinental Argentino y Adyacencias. Thesis Univ. Buenos Aires: 1-285. (mimiogr.)

Dadon, J. R., 1993. Thecosomata (Gastropoda) del oceano Antartico. Comsejo nacional de investigaciones cientificas y tecnicas, Instituto Antartico Argentino, Direccion nacional del Antartico: 49-52

Dall, W. H., 1908a. A new species of Cavolina, with notes on other pteropods. Smithonian Miscellaneous Collection 50(4): 501-502.

Gray, J. E., 1850. Catalogue of the Mollusca in the collection of the British Museum, 2. Pteropoda. London (British Museum, E. Newman): iv + 45 pp.

Hubendick, B., 1951. Pteropoda, with a new genus. Further zoological results of the Swedish Antarctic Expedition 1901-1903, 4(6): 1-10.

Hubendick, B., 1951. Pteropoda, with a new genus. Further zoological results of the Swedish Antarctic Expedition 1901-1903, 4(6): 1-10.

Kennett, J. P., 1979. Recent zoogeography of antarctic plankton microfossils. In: Spoel, S. van der and Pierrot-Bults, A. C. (eds). Zoogeography and diversity in plankton. Utrecht (Bunge Sci. Publ.): 328-355.

Magaldi, N. H., 1974. Moluscos holoplanktonicos del Atlantico sudoccidental. I Pteropodos euthecosomados colectados por el "Atlantis II" en marzo de 1971. Comunicac. Soc. Malacol. Uruguay 4(27): 1-20.

Meisenheimer, J., 1905a. Die arktische Pteropoden. Fauna Arktica 4(2): 407-430, 8 figs, 1 map.

Pelseneer, P., 1888a. Report on the Pteropoda collected by H. M. S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876, 2. The Thecosomata Reports on the scientific. Results of the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876 (zool.) 23(1): 1-132, 2 figs, 2 pls.

Pfeffer, G., 1880b. Die Pteropoden des Hamburger Museums. Abhandlu. Naturwissensch. Ver. Hamburg 7: 69-99, pl. 7.

Rampal, J., 1975. Les thécosomes (mollusques pélagiques). Systématique et évolution écologie et biogéographie méditerranéennes. Aix-Marseille (Thesis Univ. Provence CNRS AO 11932): 1-485, 15 tabs, 99 figs.

Rao, T. S. S., 1979. Zoogeography of the Indian Ocean. In: Spoel, S. van der and Pierrot-Bults, A. C. (eds). Zoogeography and diversity in plankton. Utrecht (Bunge Sci. Publ.): 254-292.

Souleyet, [F. L. A.], 1851. (introd. S. Petit) Ordre des ptéropodes. J. Conchyl. 2: 28-38.

Sowerby, G. B., 1878. In: Reeve, L. A.: Conchologia iconica or illustrations of shells of molluscous animals. Monograph of the genus Pteropoda vol. 20, in front pls 1-7 and pls 1-6, Reeve and Co, London.

Starobogatov, J. I., 1971. Ordo Thecosomata; ordo Gymnosomata; ordo Heteropoda. In: Polevoy Zool. Inst. Akad. Moscou. opredeliteli planktona (without page or figure numbers, not bound, mimiographed). [in Russsian]

Tesch, J. J., 1908. The Pteropoda of the Leyden museum. Notes Leiden Mus. 29: 181-203, pl. 7.

Tesch, J. J., 1913c. Mollusca, Pteropoda. In: F. E. Schulze. Das Tierreich. Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen 36. Berlin (Friedberger and Sohn): i-xvi, 1-154, 108 figs.

Tesch, J. J., 1946. The thecosomatous pteropods, 1. The Atlantic. Dana Report 28: 1-82, 37 figs, 8 pls.

Tesch, J. J., 1948. The thecosomatous pteropods, 2. The Indo-Pacific. Dana Report 30: 1-45, 34 figs, 3 pls.

Troschel, F. H., 1854. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Pteropoden. Arch. Naturgeschichte 20(1): 196-241, pls 8-10.

Spoel, S. van der and Boltovskoy, D., 1981. Pteropoda. In: Boltovskoy, D. (ed.). Atlas del zooplancton del Atlantico Sudoccidental. Publ. INIDEP Argentina: 493-512.

Spoel, S. van der and Heyman, R. P., 1983. A comparative atlas of zooplankton. Biological patterns in the oceans. Bunge, Utrecht; Springer Verl., Berlin: 1-186.

Spoel, S. van der, Boltovskoy, D. and Jankivich, S. S., 1981. Classification y distribucion. In: Boltovskoy, D. (ed.). Atlas del zooplancton del Atlantico Sudoccidental. Publ. INIDEP Argentina: 512-524.

Spoel, S. van der, 1962a. Aberrant forms of the genus Clio Linnaeus, 1767 with a review of the genus Proclio Hubendick, 1951. Beaufortia 9 (107): 173-200.

Spoel, S. van der, 1963. A new forma of the species Clio pyramidata Linnaeus, 1767 and a new resting stage of Clio pyramidata Linnaeus, 1767 forma sulcata (Pfeffer, 1879) (Gastropoda, Pteropoda). Beaufortia 10 (114): 19-28.

Spoel, S. van der, 1967. Euthecosomata, a group with remarkable developmental stages (Gastropoda, Pteropoda). J. Noorduyn and Zn, Gorinchem, 375 pp.

Summary (in Dutch also published separately)

Spoel, S. van der, 1968b. The shell and its shape in Cavoliniidae (Pteropoda Gastropoda). Beaufortia 15 (206): 185-189.

Spoel, S. van der, 1971b. Some problems in infraspecific classification of holoplanktonic animals. Zeitschr. Zool. Syst. Evol. 9 (2): 107-138.

Spoel, S. van der, 1973f. Strobilation in a mollusc; the development of aberrant stages in Clio pyramidata Linnaeus, 1767 (Gastropoda, Pteropoda). Bijdr. Dierk. 43 (2): 202-215, pls I-II.

Spoel, S. van der, 1976c. Pseudothecosomata, Gymnosomata and Heteropoda. Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema, Utrecht. 484 pp. 246 figs.

Spoel, S. van der, 1981a. Descripcion de los conchas embrionarias de Cavoliniidae. In: Boltovskoy, D. (ed.). Atlas del zooplancton del Atlantico Sudoccidental. Publ. INIDEP Argentina: 525-531.

Spoel, S. van der, 1983a. Patterns in plankton distribution and their relation to speciation. The dawn of pelagic biogeography. In: Sims, R. W., Price, J. H. and Whalley, P. E. S. (Eds). Evolution, time and space: the emergence of the biosphere. London, Acad. Press: 291-334.

Spoel, S. van der, 1983b. Sur la répartition, la variation et la réproduction de quelques mollusques planctoniques (Ptéropodes). BIOMAR Univ. Bruxelles 2: 79-92.

Spoel, S. van der, 1988. Patterns in plankton distribution and their relation to speciation. The dawn of pelagic biogeography. In: R. W. Sims, J. H. Price and P. E. S. Whalley (Eds) [S. I. Golovania et al(transl.)] . Evolution, time and space: the emergence of the biosphere. Moskva, Progress: 251-290.

Clio pyramidata antarctica