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Abbott, R. T., 1974. (2 ed.). American seashells. New York, Cincinnati, Toronto, London, Melbourne (van Nostrand Reinhold Co.): 1-663, 6405 figs.

Bé, A. W. H. and Gilmer, A. W., 1977. A zoogeographic and taxonomic review of euthecosomatous Pteropoda. In: A. T. S., Ramsay (ed). Oceanic Micropalaeontology I. Acad. Press London: 733-808.

Benoit, L., 1843. Ricerche malacologiche. Messina (Capra). Farfalletta. Opera periodica Scientifica Letteraria Artistica, Dispensa XI e XVI. Nuova Serie: 3-12, 2 pls.

Boas, J. E. V., 1886a. Bidrag til Pteropodernes. Morfologi of Systematik samt til Kundskaben om deres geografiske Udbredelse- Spolia Atlantica- Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. (6 Raekke) naturv. math. IV (1): 1-231.

Bonnevie, K., 1913 (reprinted 1933). Pteropoda from the Michael Sars North-Atlantic Deep-Sea expedition. Rep. Sci. Res. 'Michael Sars' North Atl. Deep-Sea exp. 3(1): 1-69, 4 tabs, 58 figs, 9 pls.

Chen, C. and Hillman, N. S., 1970. Shell-bearing pteropods as indicators of water masses off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. Bull. Mar. Sci. Gulf Caribb. 20(2): 350-367, 4 tabs, 3 figs.

Orbigny, A. d', 1836-1846. Voyage dans l'Amérique méridionale (le Brésil, la république orientale de l'Uruguay, la république Argentine, la Patagonie, la république du Chili, la république de Bolivia, la république du Pérou), exécuté pendant les années 1826, 1827, 1828, 1829, 1830, 1831, 1832 et 1833, 5(3). Mollusques. Paris (Bertrand).

1-48 are from 1835.

49-184 are from 1836.

185-376 are from 1837.

377-408 are from 1840.

409-488 are from 1841.

489-758 are from 1846.

atlas 20 pls is from 1846.

Orbigny, A. d', 1841-1855. Mollusques, 1. In: R. de la Sagra. Histoire physique, politique et naturelle de l'Ile de Cuba. Paris (Bertrand): 376 pp. (1855), atlas 28 pls (1853).

Jong, K. M. de, and Coomans, H. E., 1988. Marine Gastropods from Curaçao, Aruba and Bonaire. Sud. fauna Curaçao other Caribb. Isl. 121: 1-216.

Franc, A., 1959. 10 Mollusques pélagiques. Campagne de la 'Calypso': Gulfe de Guinée. Ann. Inst. Océanogr. (NS) 37(4): 241-244, 1 fig.

Furnestin, M. L., 1979. Aspects of the zoogeography of Mediterranean plankton. In: S. van der Spoel and A. C. Pierrot-Bults (eds). Zoogeography and diversity in plankton. Utrecht (Bunge Sci. Publ.): 191-253.

Gilmer, R. W. and Harbison, G. R., 1986. Morphology and field behavious of pteropod molluscs: feeding methods in the families Cavoliniidae, Limacinidae and Peraclididae (Gastropoda: Thecosomata). Mar. Biol. 91: 47-57, 1 tab., 7 figs.

Gilmer, R. W., 1974. Some aspects of feeding in thecosomatous pteropod mollusks. Journal exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 15: 127-144.

Gilmer, R. W., 1986. Preservation artifacts and their effects on the study of euthecosomatous pteropod mollusks. Veliger 29(1): 48-52, 2 figs.

Gilmer, R. W., 1990a. In situ observations of feeding behavior of thecosome pteropod molluscs. Amer. Malac. Bull. 8(1): 53-59.

González, C. and Princz, D., 1979. Moluscos heteropodos y pteropodos de la zone central del caribe venezolano. Bol. Inst. oceonogr. Cumana 18(1-2): 99-107.

Gray, J. E., 1850. Catalogue of the Mollusca in the collection of the British Museum, 2. Pteropoda. London (British Museum, E. Newman): iv + 45 pp.

Grecchi, G., 1975a. Pteropoda fossili a Castell'Arquato. Conchiglie 11(11-12): 225-232, 1 pl.

Grecchi, G., 1975b. Ritrovamento di Cavolinia uncinata (Rang, 1829) negli affioramenti di Castell'Arquato. Conchiglie 11(3-4): 93-96, 1 pl.

Grecchi, G., 1982. Pteropodi pliocenici dell'Italia settentrionale. Riv. Ital. Paleont. 87(4): 703-738, 2 tabs, 5 figs, pls 52-54.

Haagensen, D. A., 1976 Caribbean zooplankton. Part II. Thecosomata. Off. Nav. Res. Dept. of the Navy. U. S. Govt. Print Off. Washington D. C.: 551-712.

Herman, Y., 1971b. Vertical and horizontal distribution of pteropods in quaternary sequences. In: B. M. Funnel and W. R. Riedel. The micropalaeontology of oceans: 468-486. Univ. Press, Cambridge.

Magaldi, N. H., 1971b. Sobre la presencia en el Atlantico sudoccidental de Cymbulia peroni de Blainville, 1818. Neotropica 17(53): 92-94, 1 fig.

Magaldi, N. H., 1974. Moluscos holoplanktonicos del Atlantico sudoccidental. I Pteropodos euthecosomados colectados por el "Atlantis II" en marzo de 1971. Comunicac. Soc. Malacol. Uruguay 4(27): 1-20.

Magaldi, N. H., 1977a. Moluscos holoplanctonicos del Atlantico suboccidental. III. Heteropods y pteropods de aguas superficiales Brasilenas y Uruguayas. Com. Soc. Malac. Urug. 4 (33): 295-325.

McGowan, J. A., 1960. The systematics, distribution, and abundance of the Euthecosomata of the North Pacific. San Diego (Ph. D. thesis University of California): 1-212, 17 tabs, 54 figs.

Meisenheimer, J., 1905c. Pteropoda. Deutsch. Tiefsee Exp. 1898-1899 IX: 1-314, Atlas Pl. 1-27 Map 1-9.

Ode, H., 1991. Distribution and records of the marine mollusca in the North-West Gulf of Mexico. Texas Conch. 27(3/4): 72-83.

Peck, J. I., 1894. Scientific results of explorations by the U. S. Fish commission steamer Albatross, 26. Report on the pteropods and heteropods collected by the U. S. Fish commission steamer Albatross during the voyage from Norfolk, Va., to San Francisco, Cal., 1887-1888, 1. The thecosomatous pteropods. Proc. U. S. Nat. Museum, (1893) 16: 451-466, pls 53-55.

Pfeffer, G., 1880b. Die Pteropoden des Hamburger Museums. Abhandlu. Naturwissensch. Ver. Hamburg 7: 69-99, pl. 7.

Pruvot-Fol, A., 1954. Mollusques opisthobranches. Faune de France 58. Paris (Lechevalier): 1-460, 173 figs, 1 pl.

Rampal, J., 1968a. Les ptéropodes thécosomes en Méditerranée. Comm. Int. Explor. sci. Mer Méditerr.: 1-142, 6 tabs, 12 figs. (PhD thesis).

Rampal, J., 1973a. Clés de détermination des ptéropodes thécosomes de Méditerranée et de l'Atlantique euroafricain. Rev. Trav. Inst. Pàches Marit. (Paris) 37(3): 369-381.

Rampal, J., 1978. Thecosomes tropicaux dans les sediments de la mer Tyrrhenienne. Abstr. Congr. Assoc. plén. Antalya: 1-8.

Rampal, J., 1979. Thécosomes tropicaux dans les sédiments de la mer Tyrrhénienne. Rapp. Comm. Intern. Mer Méditerr. 25/26 (8): 149-150, 1 fig.

Rampal, J., 1980a. Biogeographie Méditerranéne d'apres l'etude des Thécosome (Mollusques pelagiques). J. Etud. Syst. Biogeogr. Médit Cagliari CIESM: 45-54.

Rampal, J., 1980b. Conclusion. J. Etud. Syst. Biogeogr. Médit Cagliari CIESM: 191-197.

Rang, P. C. A. L., 1829a. Atlas des mollusques, composé de 51 planches, représentant la plupart des mollusques nus et des coquilles décrits dans le Manuel d'Histoire Naturelle, et dans le Manuel de l'Histoire Naturelle des Mollusques et de leurs Coquilles. Paris (Roret): 16 pp., 51 pls.

Schiemenz, P., 1906. Die Pteropoden der Plankton Expedition. Erg. Plankt. Exp. Humboldt Stift. 2 F.b.: 1-37.

Souleyet, [F. L. A.], 1851. (introd. S. Petit) Ordre des ptéropodes. J. Conchyl. 2: 28-38.

Tesch, J. J., 1908. The Pteropoda of the Leyden museum. Notes Leiden Mus. 29: 181-203, pl. 7.

Tesch, J. J., 1913c. Mollusca, Pteropoda. In: F. E. Schulze. Das Tierreich. Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen 36. Berlin (Friedberger and Sohn): i-xvi, 1-154, 108 figs.

Tesch, J. J., 1946. The thecosomatous pteropods, 1. The Atlantic. Dana Report 28: 1-82, 37 figs, 8 pls.

Troschel, F. H., 1854. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Pteropoden. Arch. Naturgeschichte 20(1): 196-241, pls 8-10.

Spoel, S. van der and Boltovskoy, D., 1981. Pteropoda. In: Boltovskoy, D. (ed.). Atlas del zooplancton del Atlantico Sudoccidental. Publ. INIDEP Argentina: 493-512.

Spoel, S. van der and Pierrot-Bults, A. C., 1979. Zoogeography of the Pacific Ocean. In: S. van der Spoel and A. C. Pierrot-Bults (eds). Zoogeography and diversity in plankton. Utrecht (Bunge Sci. Publ.): 293-327.

Spoel, S. van der, Boltovskoy, D. and Jankivich, S. S., 1981. Classification y distribucion. In: Boltovskoy, D. (ed.). Atlas del zooplancton del Atlantico Sudoccidental. Publ. INIDEP Argentina: 512-524.

Spoel, S. van der, 1967. Euthecosomata, a group with remarkable developmental stages (Gastropoda, Pteropoda). J. Noorduyn and Zn, Gorinchem, 375 pp.

Summary (in Dutch also published separately)

Spoel, S. van der, 1968b. The shell and its shape in Cavoliniidae (Pteropoda Gastropoda). Beaufortia 15 (206): 185-189.

Spoel, S. van der, 1969c. Two new forms of Cavolinia uncinata (Rang, 1829)(Pteropoda, Gastropoda). Beaufortia 16 (220): 185-198.

Spoel, S. van der, 1970b. The pelagic Mollusca from the 'Atlantide' and 'Galathea' expeditions collected in the East Atlantic. Atlantide Reports 11: 99-139, 24 figs.

Spoel, S. van der, 1971a. New forms of Diacria quadridentata (de Blainville, 1821), Cavolinia longirostris (de Blainville, 1821) and Cavolinia uncinata (Rang, 1829) from the Red Sea and the East Pacific Ocean (Mollusca, Pteropoda). Beaufortia 19 (243): 1-20.

Spoel, S. van der, 1971b. Some problems in infraspecific classification of holoplanktonic animals. Zeitschr. Zool. Syst. Evol. 9 (2): 107-138.

Spoel, S. van der, 1971d. The pelagic Mollusca from the "Atlantide" and "Galathea" Expeditions collected in the East Atlantic. Atlantide Rep. 11: 99-139.

Spoel, S. van der, 1972b. Pteropoda, Thecosomata. Cons. int. Expl. Mer. Zooplankton Sheet 140-142: 1-12.

Spoel, S. van der, 1976a. Finer sculpture in euthecosomatous shells, and their value for taxonomy (Mollusca, Pteropoda). Beaufortia 24 (314): 105-132, pls I-X.

Spoel, S. van der, 1976c. Pseudothecosomata, Gymnosomata and Heteropoda. Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema, Utrecht. 484 pp. 246 figs.

Spoel, S. van der, 1981a. Descripcion de los conchas embrionarias de Cavoliniidae. In: Boltovskoy, D. (ed.). Atlas del zooplancton del Atlantico Sudoccidental. Publ. INIDEP Argentina: 525-531.

Vecchione, M., and Grant, G. C., 1983. A multivariate analysis of planktonic molluscan distribution in the middle Atlantic bight. Cont. Shelf Res. 1(4): 405-424.

Velásquez, T. L. E. and Lozano, B. F., 1987. Algunos pteropodos euthecosomata (Mollusca: Opisthobranchia) de la Bahia de gaira, Santa Marta (Caribe Colombiano). An. Inst. Inv. Punta de Betín 17: 81-85.

Verrill, A. E., 1880. Notice of the remarkable marine fauna occupying the outer banks off the southern coast of New England. Amer. J. Sci. (3)20(119): 390-403.

Verrill, A. E., 1882. Catalogue of marine Mollusca added to the fauna of the New England region, during the past ten years. Trans. Conn. Acad. Sci. 5: 447-599, pls 42, 44, 57-58.

Wells, F. E., 1975a. Comparison of euthecosomatous pteropods in the plankton and sediments off Barbados, West Indies. Proc. malac. Soc. London 41: 503-509, 4 figs.

Wells, F. E., 1976c. Seasonal patterns of abundance and reproduction of euthecosomatous pteropods off Barbados, West Indies. Veliger 18(3): 241-248, 2 tabs, 7 figs.

Cavolinia uncinata uncinata uncinata