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Abbott, R. T., 1974. (2 ed.). American seashells. New York, Cincinnati, Toronto, London, Melbourne (van Nostrand Reinhold Co.): 1-663, 6405 figs.

Kawano, M., 1991. Mass propagation of Cavolinia uncinata and Acinetospora sp. Bull. Japan. Soc. Fish. Oceanogr. 55: 168-169.

McGowan, J. A. and Fraundorf, V. J., 1966. The relationship between size and net used and estimates of zooplankton diversity. Limn. Oceanogr. 11(4): 456-469.

McGowan, J. A., 1967. Distributional atlas of pelagic molluscs in the California Current region. CALCOFI Atlas 6: 1-218.

McGowan, J. A., 1968. The Thecosomata and Gymnosomata of California. Veliger 3 (suppl.): 103-130, pls 12-20.

Nakazawa, K., 1915. 'Cavolinia' no gunrai (The swarm of Cavolinia sp.). Zool. Mag. 27: 289-290. [in Japanese]

Newman, L. J., 1990. Holoplanktonic molluscs (Gastropoda; Thecosomata, Gymnosomata, and Heteropoda) from the waters of Australia and Papua New Guinea: their taxonomy, distribution and biology. PhD Thesis Univ. Qld. Australia. 208 pp.

Peck, J. I., 1894. Scientific results of explorations by the U. S. Fish commission steamer Albatross, 26. Report on the pteropods and heteropods collected by the U. S. Fish commission steamer Albatross during the voyage from Norfolk, Va., to San Francisco, Cal., 1887-1888, 1. The thecosomatous pteropods. Proc. U. S. Nat. Museum, (1893) 16: 451-466, pls 53-55.

Rao, T. S. S., 1979. Zoogeography of the Indian Ocean. In: Spoel, S. van der and Pierrot-Bults, A. C. (eds). Zoogeography and diversity in plankton. Utrecht (Bunge Sci. Publ.): 254-292.

Richter, G., 1979. Die thecosomen Pteropoden der "Meteor"-Expedition in den Indischen Ozean 1964/65. "Meteor" Forsch. Ergebnisse (D) 29: 1-29.

Rottman, M., 1976. Euthecosomatous pteropods (Mollusca) in the Gulf of Thailand and the South China Sea: seasonal distribution and species associations. Naga Rep. 4 (6): 1-117.

Rottmann, M. L., 1978. Ecology and recurrent groups of pteropods, euphasiids and chaetognaths in the Gulf of Thailand and the South China Sea. Mar. Biol. 48(1): 63-78, 7 tabs, 4 figs.

Sakthivel, M., 1967. A preliminary report on the distribution and relative abundance of Euthecosomata with a note on the seasonal variation of Limacina species in the Indian Ocean. In: Proc. Symp. 'Indian Ocean' March 1967. Bull. N. I. S. I. 38: 700-717, 17 figs.

Sakthivel, M., 1976a. Geographical and seasonal distribution of Euthecosomata (Pteropoda, Gastropoda) in the Indian Ocean. Meteor Forsch. Ergebniss D23: 1-22.

Sanchez Nava, S. A., 1984. Sistemática, distribución y abundancia de los moluscos pelágicos (Gastropoda: heteropoda y Pteropoda) en el Diomo de Costa Rica. (Ph. D Thesis Univ. Nacional Autonomia de Mexico): 1-180 (mimiogr).

Schalk, P. H., 1990. Spatial and seasonal variation in pteropods (Mollusca) of Indo-malayan waters related to watermass distribution. Mar. Biol. 105: 59-71.

Solis, N. B. and Westernhagen, H. von , 1978. Vertical distribution of euthecosomatous pteropods in the upper 100 m. of the Hilutangan Channel Cebu, The Philippines. Mar. Biol. 48(1): 79-87.

Stubbings, H. G., 1938. Pteropoda. Sci. Rep. John Murray Expedition 1933-1934, 5(2): 3-33, 2 figs.

Taki, I. and Okutani, T., 1962. Reports on the biology of the 'Umitaka-Maru' expedition, 2. Planktonic Gastropoda collected by the trainning vessel 'Umitaka-Maru' from the Pacific and Indian Oceans in the course of het Antarctic expedition, 1956. J. Fac. Fish. Anim. Husb. Hiroshima Univ. 4: 81-97.

Tesch, J. J., 1904. The Thecosomata and Gymnosomata of the Siboga Expedition. Siboga Rep. 52: 1-92, 156 figs.

Tesch, J. J., 1948. The thecosomatous pteropods, 2. The Indo-Pacific. Dana Report 30: 1-45, 34 figs, 3 pls.

Tokioka, T., 1955c. On some plankton animals collected by the Syunkotu-Maru in May-June 1954, 4. Thecosomatous pteropods. Publ. Seto mar. biol. Lab. 5(1): 59-74, pls 7-13.

Tokioka, T., 1961. The structure of the operculum of the species of Atlantidae (Gastropoda: Heteropoda) as a taxonomic criterion, with records of some pelagic mollusks in the North Pacific. Publ. Seto mar. biol. Lab. 9(2): 267-332 (art. 15, pp. 1-86).

Ueno, S. and Amio, M., 1994. Swarming of thecosomatous pteropod Cavolinia uncinata in the coastal waters of the Tsushima Strait. the Western Japan Sea. Bull. Plank. Soc. Japan 41(1): 21-29.

Spoel, S. van der and Pierrot-Bults, A. C., 1979. Zoogeography of the Pacific Ocean. In: S. van der Spoel and A. C. Pierrot-Bults (eds). Zoogeography and diversity in plankton. Utrecht (Bunge Sci. Publ.): 293-327.

Spoel, S. van der, 1969c. Two new forms of Cavolinia uncinata (Rang, 1829)(Pteropoda, Gastropoda). Beaufortia 16 (220): 185-198.

Spoel, S. van der, 1970a. Morphometric data in Cavoliniidae with notes on a new forma of Cuvierina columnella (Rang, 1927) (Gastropoda, Pteropoda). Basteria 34 (5-6): 103-151.

Spoel, S. van der, 1971a. New forms of Diacria quadridentata (de Blainville, 1821), Cavolinia longirostris (de Blainville, 1821) and Cavolinia uncinata (Rang, 1829) from the Red Sea and the East Pacific Ocean (Mollusca, Pteropoda). Beaufortia 19 (243): 1-20.

Spoel, S. van der, 1976c. Pseudothecosomata, Gymnosomata and Heteropoda. Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema, Utrecht. 484 pp. 246 figs.

Spoel, S. van der, 1992b. Pteropods from Akajima, Rep. Akajima Mar. Sci. Lab. 3: 12-13 [in Japanese]

Wells, F. E., 1976a. A preliminary examination of euthecosomatous pteropods off the central coast of western Australia. Rec. West Aust. Mus. 4(4): 327-334.

Wells, F. E., 1978a. Distribution of thecosomatous pteropods off the central coast of western Australia. Aust. J. Mar. Freshw. Res. 29(6): 853-858, 4 figs.

Yamaji, I., 1991. Illustrations of the marine plankton of Japan. 3°Ed. Hoikusha Publ. Co. Ltd, Osaka.: 1-538.

Zhang, F., 1964. The pelagic molluscs off the China coast, 1. A systematic study of Pteropoda (Opisthobranchia), Heteropoda (Prosobranchia) and Janthinidae (Ptenoglossa, Prosobranchia). Stud. Mar. Sinica 5: 125-226.

Cavolinia uncinata uncinata pulsata