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Abbott, R. T., 1974. (2 ed.). American seashells. New York, Cincinnati, Toronto, London, Melbourne (van Nostrand Reinhold Co.): 1-663, 6405 figs.

Benoit, L., 1843. Ricerche malacologiche. Messina (Capra). Farfalletta. Opera periodica Scientifica Letteraria Artistica, Dispensa XI e XVI. Nuova Serie: 3-12, 2 pls.

Biekart, J. W., 1989. Euthecosomatous pteropods as paleohydrological and paleoecological indicators in a Tyrrhenian deep-sea core. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclim. Palaeoecol. 71: 205-224, 2 tabs, 6 figs, 2 pls.

Dadon, J. R. and Boltovskoy, D., 1982. Zooplanktonic recurrent groups (Pteropoda, Euphausiacea, Chaetognatha) in the southeastern Atlantic Ocean. Physis Secc., (A)41(100): 63-83.

Jong, K. M. de, and Coomans, H. E., 1988. Marine Gastropods from Curaçao, Aruba and Bonaire. Sud. fauna Curaçao other Caribb. Isl. 121: 1-216.

Grecchi, G., 1984. Molluschi planctonici e bentonici in sedimenti sapropelitici del Quaternario della dorsalee Mediterranea. Boll. Malacologico 20(1-4): 1-34, 3 pls.

Magaldi, N. H., 1977a. Moluscos holoplanctonicos del Atlantico suboccidental. III. Heteropods y pteropods de aguas superficiales Brasilenas y Uruguayas. Com. Soc. Malac. Urug. 4 (33): 295-325.

McGowan, J. A., 1960. The systematics, distribution, and abundance of the Euthecosomata of the North Pacific. San Diego (Ph. D. thesis University of California): 1-212, 17 tabs, 54 figs.

McGowan, J. A., 1967. Distributional atlas of pelagic molluscs in the California Current region. CALCOFI Atlas 6: 1-218.

McGowan, J. A., 1968. The Thecosomata and Gymnosomata of California. Veliger 3 (suppl.): 103-130, pls 12-20.

Menzies, R. J., 1958. Shell-bearing pteropod gastropods from mediterranean plankton (Cavoliniidae). Pubbl. Staz. Zoologica Napoli 30 (3): 381-401, 5 tabs, 9 figs, 8 maps.

Menzies, R. J., 1958. Shell-bearing pteropod gastropods from mediterranean plankton (Cavoliniidae). Pubbl. Staz. Zoologica Napoli 30 (3): 381-401, 5 tabs, 9 figs, 8 maps.

Mosquera, E. R. and Pedrosa, G. P. G., 1981. Molluscs collected at the Galicia Bank (Spain). Conchiglia 13: 6-7.

Peck, J. I., 1894. Scientific results of explorations by the U. S. Fish commission steamer Albatross, 26. Report on the pteropods and heteropods collected by the U. S. Fish commission steamer Albatross during the voyage from Norfolk, Va., to San Francisco, Cal., 1887-1888, 1. The thecosomatous pteropods. Proc. U. S. Nat. Museum, (1893) 16: 451-466, pls 53-55.

Pelseneer, P., 1888a. Report on the Pteropoda collected by H. M. S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876, 2. The Thecosomata Reports on the scientific. Results of the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876 (zool.) 23(1): 1-132, 2 figs, 2 pls.

Pfeffer, G., 1880b. Die Pteropoden des Hamburger Museums. Abhandlu. Naturwissensch. Ver. Hamburg 7: 69-99, pl. 7.

Pfeffer, G., 1880b. Die Pteropoden des Hamburger Museums. Abhandlu. Naturwissensch. Ver. Hamburg 7: 69-99, pl. 7.

Pietzner, H. and Richter, G., 1986. Rezente Phosphorit Bildung im Auftriebsgebiet vor der NW-afrikanischen Küste. Senckenbergiana marit. 17 (4-6): 333-377, 5 tabs, 12 pls.

Pruvot-Fol, A., 1954. Mollusques opisthobranches. Faune de France 58. Paris (Lechevalier): 1-460, 173 figs, 1 pl.

Rampal, J., 1968a. Les ptéropodes thécosomes en Méditerranée. Comm. Int. Explor. sci. Mer Méditerr.: 1-142, 6 tabs, 12 figs. (PhD thesis).

Rampal, J., 1975. Les thécosomes (mollusques pélagiques). Systématique et évolution écologie et biogéographie méditerranéennes. Aix-Marseille (Thesis Univ. Provence CNRS AO 11932): 1-485, 15 tabs, 99 figs.

Tesch, J. J., 1904. The Thecosomata and Gymnosomata of the Siboga Expedition. Siboga Rep. 52: 1-92, 156 figs.

Tesch, J. J., 1913c. Mollusca, Pteropoda. In: F. E. Schulze. Das Tierreich. Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen 36. Berlin (Friedberger and Sohn): i-xvi, 1-154, 108 figs.

Tesch, J. J., 1948. The thecosomatous pteropods, 2. The Indo-Pacific. Dana Report 30: 1-45, 34 figs, 3 pls.

Thiede, J., 1975b. Shell- and skeleton- producing plankton and nekton in the Eastern North Atlantic Ocean. 'Meteor' Forschungsergeb. (C)20: 33-79.

Spoel, S. van der and Boltovskoy, D., 1981. Pteropoda. In: Boltovskoy, D. (ed.). Atlas del zooplancton del Atlantico Sudoccidental. Publ. INIDEP Argentina: 493-512.

Spoel, S. van der, Boltovskoy, D. and Jankivich, S. S., 1981. Classification y distribucion. In: Boltovskoy, D. (ed.). Atlas del zooplancton del Atlantico Sudoccidental. Publ. INIDEP Argentina: 512-524.

Spoel, S. van der, 1967. Euthecosomata, a group with remarkable developmental stages (Gastropoda, Pteropoda). J. Noorduyn and Zn, Gorinchem, 375 pp.

Summary (in Dutch also published separately)

Spoel, S. van der, 1968b. The shell and its shape in Cavoliniidae (Pteropoda Gastropoda). Beaufortia 15 (206): 185-189.

Spoel, S. van der, 1970b. The pelagic Mollusca from the 'Atlantide' and 'Galathea' expeditions collected in the East Atlantic. Atlantide Reports 11: 99-139, 24 figs.

Spoel, S. van der, 1971d. The pelagic Mollusca from the "Atlantide" and "Galathea" Expeditions collected in the East Atlantic. Atlantide Rep. 11: 99-139.

Spoel, S. van der, 1972b. Pteropoda, Thecosomata. Cons. int. Expl. Mer. Zooplankton Sheet 140-142: 1-12.

Spoel, S. van der, 1976c. Pseudothecosomata, Gymnosomata and Heteropoda. Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema, Utrecht. 484 pp. 246 figs.

Spoel, S. van der, 1981a. Descripcion de los conchas embrionarias de Cavoliniidae. In: Boltovskoy, D. (ed.). Atlas del zooplancton del Atlantico Sudoccidental. Publ. INIDEP Argentina: 525-531.

Spoel, S. van der, 1985a. Cavolinia inflexa, a polytypic species or a species pair with character displacement. Plankton Newsl. 2: 21-23.

Vayssiére, A., 1915a. Mollusques euptéropodes (ptéropodes thécosomes) provenant des campagnes des yachts Hirondelle et Princesse-Alice (1885-1913). Résul. Camp. Scient. accompl. yacht par Albert Ier, prince souverain de Monaco 47: 1-226, 14 pls.

Violanti, D., Grecchi, G. and Castradori, D., 1991. Paleoenvironmental intertretation of core BAN88-11GC (Eastern Mediterranean, Pleistocene-Holocen) on the grounds of Foraminifera, Thecosomata and calcareous nannofossils. Il Quaternario 4(1a): 13-39.

Cavolinia inflexa imitans