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Abbott, R. T., 1974. (2 ed.). American seashells. New York, Cincinnati, Toronto, London, Melbourne (van Nostrand Reinhold Co.): 1-663, 6405 figs.

Bianco, S. Lo, 1903. Le pesche abissali eseguite da F. A. Krupp col yacht Puritan nelle adiacenze di Capri ed in altri località del Mediterraneo. Mitt. Zool. Station Neapel 16(1-2): 109-280, pls 7-9.

Boas, J. E. V., 1885. Vorleufige Mittheilung über einige gymnosomen Pteropoden (Spongiobranchaea d'Orb., Dexiobranchaea n. g., Cliopsis Tr.). Zool. Anz. 210: 688-691.

Boas, J. E. V., 1886a. Bidrag til Pteropodernes. Morfologi of Systematik samt til Kundskaben om deres geografiske Udbredelse- Spolia Atlantica- Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. (6 Raekke) naturv. math. IV (1): 1-231.

Bonnevie, K., 1913 (reprinted 1933). Pteropoda from the Michael Sars North-Atlantic Deep-Sea expedition. Rep. Sci. Res. 'Michael Sars' North Atl. Deep-Sea exp. 3(1): 1-69, 4 tabs, 58 figs, 9 pls.

Cooper, G. A. and Forsyth, D. C. T., 1963. Continuous plankton records. Contribution towards a plankton atlas on the North Atlantic and the North Sea, 7. The seasonal and annual distribution of the pteropod Pneumodermopsis Keferstein. Bull. mar. Ecol. Nature 6(1): 3138, pls 6-9.

Fraser, J. H., 1967. Zooplankton investigations from Aberdeen in 1967. Cons. intern. Explor. Mer, Ann. biol. 24: 80-81.

Gegenbaur, C., 1855b. Untersuchungen über Pteropoden und Heteropoden. Ein Beitrag zur Anatomie und Entwicklungsgeschichte dieser Thiere. Leipzig (Engelmann): i-vii, 1-228, 8 pls.

Janssen, A. W., 1975. Systematische lijst van Nederlandse recente en fossiele mollusken. Meded. Werkgr. Tret. Kwartaire Geol. 12 (4): 115-170.

Keferstein, W., 1862. Kopf-Weichthiere: Malacozoa Cephalopha. In: Bronn's Klassen und Ordnungen des Thierreichs 3(2). Leipzig: 523-1500, 136 figs.

Locard, A., 1886. Prodrome de malacologie franáaise. Catalogue général des mollusques vivants de France 2. Mollusques marins: i-v, 1-778.

Massy, A. L., 1917. The gymnosomatous Pteropoda of the coast of Ireland. Sci. Proc. R. Dublin Soc. (NS) 15(12): 223-224, 1 tab., 6 figs, pl. 8.

McKay, D. W., 1974. Pteropods of Scottish and adjacent waters. J. Conchology 28(3): 179-184.

Meisenheimer, J., 1905c. Pteropoda. Deutsch. Tiefsee Exp. 1898-1899 IX: 1-314, Atlas Pl. 1-27 Map 1-9.

Morton, J. E., 1957b. Opisthobranch Mollusca, Gymnosomata, families: Pneumodermatidae, Cliopsidae. Fiches; Cons. intern. Explor. Mer, Zooplankton-sheet 79: 1-4, 5 figs.

Pafort-van Iersel, G. J. S., 1985a. Contributions to pelagic zoogeography of the mid North Atlantic Ocean, 1. Distribution of pteropods, heteropods and silver hatchetfishes. In: G. J. S. Pafort-van Iersel. A contribution to pelagic zoogeography of the mid North Atlantic Ocean (7th paper) (Thesis Univ. van Amsterdam): 1-45, 5 tabs, 4 figs, 27 append.

Pruvot-Fol, A., 1924a. Étude de quelques gymnosomes méditerranéens des pêches de 'l'Orvet' en 1921 et 1922. Arch. Zool. Exp. Gén. 62(6): 345-400, 32 figs, pls 15-16.

Pruvot-Fol, A., 1926. Mollusques ptéropodes gymnosomes provenant des campagnes du Prince Albert Ier de Monaco. Résult. Camp. Sci. accompl. sur son yacht par Albert Ier 70: 1-60, 3 pls.

Pruvot-Fol, A., 1932. Note sur quelques gimnosomes de provenances diverses et diagnose d'un genre nouveau Arch. Zool. expér. gén. 74 (vol. jub.): 507-529, 18 figs, pl. 3.

Pruvot-Fol, A., 1942. Les gymnosomes.I . Dana Rep. 4 (20): 1-54, 77 figs.

Pruvot-Fol, A., 1954. Mollusques opisthobranches. Faune de France 58. Paris (Lechevalier): 1-460, 173 figs, 1 pl.

Schiemenz, P., 1906. Die Pteropoden der Plankton Expedition. Erg. Plankt. Exp. Humboldt Stift. 2 F.b.: 1-37.

Starobogatov, J. I., 1971. Ordo Thecosomata; ordo Gymnosomata; ordo Heteropoda. In: Polevoy Zool. Inst. Akad. Moscou. opredeliteli planktona (without page or figure numbers, not bound, mimiographed). [in Russsian]

Steuer, A., 1911. Adriatische Pteropoden. Sitz. Ber. Math.-Naturw. Klasse k. k. Akad. Wien 120(1): 709-730, 9 figs.

Tesch, J. J., 1913c. Mollusca, Pteropoda. In: F. E. Schulze. Das Tierreich. Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen 36. Berlin (Friedberger and Sohn): i-xvi, 1-154, 108 figs.

Tesch, J. J., 1950a. The Gymnosomata. 2. Dana Rep. 6(36): 1-55, 37 figs.

Beneden, P. J. van, 1839c. Mémoires sur l'anatomie des genres hyale, cléodore et cuvierie; sur la cymbulie de Péron et sur un nouveau genre de mollusques (Tiedemannia). Nouv. Mém. Acad. R. Sci. Bell.-Lettr. Bruxelles 12: 53 pp., 4 pls.

Spoel, S. van der and Boltovskoy, D., 1981. Pteropoda. In: Boltovskoy, D. (ed.). Atlas del zooplancton del Atlantico Sudoccidental. Publ. INIDEP Argentina: 493-512.

Spoel, S. van der, Boltovskoy, D. and Jankivich, S. S., 1981. Classification y distribucion. In: Boltovskoy, D. (ed.). Atlas del zooplancton del Atlantico Sudoccidental. Publ. INIDEP Argentina: 512-524.

Spoel, S. van der, 1964a. Notes on some pteropods from the North Atlantic. Beaufortia 10 (121): 167-176.

Spoel, S. van der, 1970b. The pelagic Mollusca from the 'Atlantide' and 'Galathea' expeditions collected in the East Atlantic. Atlantide Reports 11: 99-139, 24 figs.

Spoel, S. van der, 1971d. The pelagic Mollusca from the "Atlantide" and "Galathea" Expeditions collected in the East Atlantic. Atlantide Rep. 11: 99-139.

Spoel, S. van der, 1972a. A taxonomic outline of the Gymnosomata (Mollusca). Basteria 36 (2-5): 75-88.

Spoel, S. van der, 1973e. Pneumodermopsis teschi n. sp. and notes on some other Pteropoda of the "Thor Expeditions 1903-1910" (Gastropoda). Bull. zool. Mus. Univ. Amst. 3 (9): 53-64.

Spoel, S. van der, 1976c. Pseudothecosomata, Gymnosomata and Heteropoda. Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema, Utrecht. 484 pp. 246 figs.

Spoel, S. van der, 1981a. Descripcion de los conchas embrionarias de Cavoliniidae. In: Boltovskoy, D. (ed.). Atlas del zooplancton del Atlantico Sudoccidental. Publ. INIDEP Argentina: 525-531.

Zhang, F., 1964. The pelagic molluscs off the China coast, 1. A systematic study of Pteropoda (Opisthobranchia), Heteropoda (Prosobranchia) and Janthinidae (Ptenoglossa, Prosobranchia). Stud. Mar. Sinica 5: 125-226.

Zheng Zhong (et al.), 1989. Marine Planktology. China Ocean Press. Bejing: i-viii, 1-454. [transl. from Chinese orig.]

Pneumodermopsis ciliata