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Cannon, L.R.G. and Silver, H. 1986. Sea Cucumbers of Northern Australia. Queensland Museum, South Brisbane, Australia, 60 pp.

Chamisso, A. de, and Eysenhardt, C.G. 1821. De animalibus quibusdam e classe vermium linneana in circumnavigatione terrae, auspicante Comite N. Romanzoff, Duce Ottore de Kotzbue, 1815-18 peracta observatis. II Nova Acta Acad. Caesar. Leop. Carol. 10:345-374.

Clark, A.M. and Rowe, F.W.E. 1971. 'Monograph of shallow water Indo-west Pacific Echinoderms.' (London:British Museum).

Clark, H.L. 1907. The apodous holothurians. Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge 35:1-206.

Domantay, J.S. 1954. Some holothurians from Guam and vicinity. Nat. Appl. Sci. Bull.Univ. Philipp. 12:336-357.

Heding, G.S. 1928. Synaptidae. Videnskapelige Meddeleser fra Dansk naturhistorisk Forening i Kjobenhavn 85: 105-323.

Rowe F.W.E and Doty, J.E. 1977. The shallow water holothurians of Guam. Micronesica 13: 217-50.

Synapta maculata