Status in World Register of Marine Species
Scientific synonyms and common names
Cannon, L.R.G. and Silver, H. 1986. Sea Cucumbers of Northern Australia. Queensland Museum, South Brisbane, Australia, 60 pp.
Clark, H.L. 1921. The Echinoderm Fauna of Torres Strait: its composition and its origin. Papers from the Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington 10: 1-223.
Clark, H.L. 1938. Echinoderms from Australia. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology of the Harvard College 55: 1-596.
Clark, H.L. 1946. The Echinoderm Fauna of Australia: its composition and its origin. Publications of the Carnegie Institution of Washington 566: 1-567.
Lampert, K. 1885. Die Seewalzen — Holothurioidea. 312 pp.