Status in World Register of Marine Species
Scientific synonyms and common names
Nesis, K.N., 1987. Cephalopods of the world. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., Ltd.
Seaward, D.R., 1990. Distribution of the marine molluscs of north west Europe. Nature Conservancy Council.
Voss, N.A., 1980. A generic revision of the family Cranchiidae. Bulletin of Marine Science, 30(2): 365-412.