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Fay, F. H., G. C. Ray, and A. A Kibal'chich. 1984. Time and location of mating and associated behavior of the Pacific walrus (Odobenus rosmaruas divergens ) Illiger. In: Soviet -American cooperative research on marine mammals. Pinnipeds (F. H. Fay and G. A. Fedoseev, eds.) NOAA Techn. Rept. NMFS 12: 1-104, p 81-88.

Miller, E.H. 1985. Airborne acoustic communication in the Walrus Odobenus rosmarus, NGR, Winter, p 124-145.

Schevill, W. E., W. A. Watkins and C. Ray. 1966. Analysis of underwater Odobenus calls with remarks on the development of pharyngeal pouches, Zoologica (N.Y.), 51(3), p 103-106.

Verboom, W. C. and R. A. Kastelein. 1995b. The rutting whistles of a male Pacific walrus (Odobenus rosmaruas divergens), In: Sensory systems of Aquatic Mammals (eds. R. A. Kastelein, J. A. Thomas and P. E. Nachtigall), De Spil Publishers, Woerden Holland.

Walrus (Odobenus rosmarus)