Scorpaena Linnaeus, 1758
Preorbital bone with 1-4 spinous points over maxilla; sub-orbital ridge with or without several spines; supplemental preopercular spine usually present; first preopercular spine longest, second and third present, fourth and fifth present or absent; upper post-temporal spine usually present; nasal spine rarely absent; other spines present include the pre-, supra- and post-ocular, tympanic, parietal, nuchal, pterotic, sphenotic (as a group of spines), lower post-temporal, supracleithral and cleithral. Occipital pit usually present. Palatine teeth present. Dorsal fin with 12 spines and 7-10 rays; anal fin normally with 3 spines and 5 rays; 16-21 pectoral rays, some branched. Scales on body cycloid or ctenoid, cycloid in western Atlantic species, mostly ctenoid in eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean species; prepelvic region without scales or with deeply embedded cycloid scales. Tropical and warm temperate waters.
Species about 40; in Clofnam area 8.