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Status in World Register of Marine Species

Accepted name: Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758)

Scientific synonyms and common names

Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758)

Synonyms:

Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758)
Squalus zygaena Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. X:234 ('Habitat in Europa, America'). Type apparently not extant.
Squalus zygena Bonnaterre, 1788, Tabl. encycl. méth...., Ichth.: 9 (presumed misspelling of zygaena; Atlantic and Mediterranean). Type: unknown.
Sphyrna zygaena: Rafinesque, 1810: 46 Carus, 1893: 513 Fowler, 1936: 64
Bigelow & Schroeder, 1948 436-449, fig. 85-86 Fraser-Brunner, 1950b: 213-219 Tortonese, 1950a: 21, 23-25 Soljan, 1963: 52, fig. Gilbert, 1967: 31-37, fig. 8-9, 21c, pl. 60.
? Cestrorhinus caroliniensis, Blainville, 1816, Bull. Soc. philomath. Paris: 121 (name only; no locality).
? Cestrorhinus pictus Blainville, ibid.: 121 (name only; no locality).
Zygaena malleus Cuvier, 1817, Règne anim.: 223 (French coasts; Brazil).
Zygaena malleus: Risso, 1826: 125 Yarrell, 1836: 406 Lowe, 1843-1844: 8486, fig. 12 Moreau, 1881: 324, fig. Day, 1882: 294.
Zygaena vulgaris Cloquet, 1830, Dict. Sci. nat.: 621 (no locality).
Zygaena subarcuata Storer, 1848, Proc. Boston Soc. nat. Hist., 3: 70 (Provincetown, Massachusetts).
Zygaena zigaena Nobre, 1935, Fauna marinha de Portugal, 1: 425 (presumed misspelling of zygaena; Portugal).


Common names:

Smooth hammerhead [En]
Requin-marteau commun [Fr]
Cornuda cruz [Es]
mlat [Hr]
jaram mlat [Hr]
pesce martello [It]
cornuda [Pr]

Smooth hammerhead (Sphyrna zygaena)