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Ancona, U. d'. 1934a. Le specie mediterranee del genere Syngnathus. Memorie R. Com. talassogr. ital., 210 :1-79, 3 pl.

Banarescu, P. 1964. Pisces. Osteichthyes. Fauna Repub. pop. rom., Bucuresti, 13: 1-962, 402 fig.

Carus, J. V. 1893. Vertebrata. 1. class. Pisces: pp. 498-711, In: Prodromus faunae Mediterraneae sive Descriptio Animalium Maris Mediterranei incolarum quam comparata silva rerum quatenus innotuit adiectis locis et nominibus vulgaribus. . . Stuttgart, 1889-1893, 2: ix+854 pp.

Eichwald, C. E. von 1831. Zoologia specialis quam expositis animalibus tum vivis . . . adidit D. Eduardus Eichwald. Pars posterior: 404 pp., 1 pl. + l pl. n. num. p. 342 [Pisces: 10-116].

Pallas, P. S. 1811 [probably 1814]. Zoographia rosso-asiatica, sistens omnium animalium in extenso Imperio Rossico et adjacentibus maribus observatorum recensionem, domicilia, mores et descriptiones anatomen atque icones plurimorum, 3 vol. Petropoli, 3, 428 pp. (pl. [1], XIII, XIV, XV, XXI, XX (sic)) (89 pl. are mentioned in the text but are unpublished. Perhaps published in Icones ad Zoographiam Rosso-Asiaticam, 1834-427.). (2nd ed., 1831, 3 vol. and Atlas, Petropoli.)

Rathke, H. 1837. Beitrag zur Fauna der Krym. Fische. Mém. Sav. Etrang. St Pétersb., 3: 309-354.

Slastenenko, E. P. 1955-1956. Karadeniz havzasi baliklari (The Fishes of the Black Sea Basin). Istanbul: 711 p., 142fig.

Svetovidov, A. N. 1964. Rîbî Chernogo Morya. [The fishes of the Black Sea]. Opred Faune SSSR, 86: pp. 1-552, fig. 1-191 (in Russian).

Syngnathus variegatus