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Bartlett, M. R.; Haedrich, R. L. 1968. Neuston nets and South Atlantic larval blue merlin. Copeia, (3): 469-474, 3 fig.

Conrad, G. M.; La Monte, F. R. 1937. Observations on the body form of the blue marlin (Makaira nigricans ampla Poey). Bull. Am. Mus. nat. Hist., 74 (4): 207-220.

De Sylva, D. P. 1958. Juvenile blue marlin, Makaira ampla (Poey) from Miami, Florida and West End, Bahamas. Bull. Am. Mus. nat. Hist., 114 (5): 412-415, pl.

De Sylva, D. P. 1963. Postlarva of the white marlin, Tetrapturus albidus from the Florida current off the Carolinas. Bull. mar. Sci. Gulf. Caribb., 13 (1) :123-132.

Eschmeyer, W. N.; Bullis, H. R. Jr. 1968. Four advanced larval specimens of the blue merlin, Makaira nigricans, from the western Atlantic Ocean. Copeia, (2): 414417.

Gehringer, J. W. 1957. Observations on the development of the Atlantic sailfish, Istiophorus americanus (Cuvier) with notes on an unidentified species of istiophorid. Fishery Bull. U.S., 1956 [1957], 57 (110) :139-171, 40 fig.

Hirasaka, K.; Nakamura, H. 1947. On the Formosan spearfishes. Bull oceanogr. Inst. Taipeh, Taiwan, (3): 11- 24, 1 fig., 3 pl.

Jordan, D. S.; Evermann, B. W. 1896-1900. The Fishes of North and Middle America, a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the isthmus of Panama. Bull. U.S. natn. Mus., (47), Part I, 1896: Ix + 1-1240; Part II, 1898: xxx + 1241-2183 ; Part III, 1898: xxiv + 2184-3136; Part IV, 1900: ci + 3137-3313, 391 pl. (958 fig.).

Jordan, D. S.; Evermann, B. W. 1926. A review of the giant mackerel-like fishes, tunnies, spearfishes and swordfish. Occ. Pap. Calif. Acad. Sci., 12 :1-113, 20 pl.

La Monte, F. R.; Marcy, D. E. 1941. Swordfish, sailfish, marlin and spearfish. Ichthyol. Contrib. int. Game Fish Ass., New York, 1(2): pp. 1-24.

Lacepède, B. 1798-1803. Histoire naturelle des Poissons, 5 vol. in-4, Paris. I: 1798, 8+cxlvii+532 pp., 25 pl., 1 tabl. (inset); II: 1800, Ixiv+632 pp., 20 pl.; III: 1801, 558 pp., 34 pl.; IV: 1802, xliv+728 pp., 16 pl.; V: 1803, xlviii+803 pp., 21 pl.

Mowbray, L. L. 1931. A Bermudian spearfish, family Istiophoridae, Makaira bermudae n. sp. Mowbray. Fauna Bermudensis (1). Privately published unpaged.

Ovchinuikov, V. V. 1970. Swordfishes and Billfishes in the Atlantic ocean. Atlanticheskii Nauchno-issledovatel'skii Institut rybnogo Khozyaistva i Okeanografii, KalininFad, 77 p., 40 fig. (Engl. transl., I.P.S.T. Jerusalem, 1971.)

Poey, F. 1860. XLIX. Poissons de Cuba, espéces nouvelles: pp. 115-356, pl. 10-19, in Memorias sobre la historia natural de la isla de Cuba, 2, 1858-1861.

Robins, C. R.; De Sylva, D. P. 1961. Description and relationships of the longbill spearfish, Tetrapturus belone, based on western North Atlantic specimens. Bull. mar. Sci. Gulf Caribb., 10 (4): pp. 383-413.

Sun, Tszi-Gen, 1960. Larvae and Juveniles of tunas sailfishes, and swordfish (Thunnidae, Istiophoridae, Xiphiidae) from the central western part of the Pacific Ocean. Trudy Inst. Okeanol. SSSR, 41:175-191.

Whitley, G. P. 1954. More new fish names and records. Aust. Zool, 7 (1): pp. 57-62.

Gray, J. E. 1838. Description of a new species of Tetrapturus from the Cape of Good Hope Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., 36 (1): 313.

Blue marlin (Makaira nigricans)