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Status in World Register of Marine Species

Synonym of Sparisoma (Euscarus) cretense (Linnaeus, 1758)

Scientific synonyms and common names

Sparisoma (Euscarus) cretense (Linnaeus, 1758)

Synonyms:

Scarus cretensis Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. X: 282 ('Habitat in Creta et adjacentibus' nec Scarus cretensis Bloch, 1790, Naturgesch. ausl. Fische, 4: 23, pl. 220(= Sc. striatus Valenciennes, 1840, in Cuv. Val., Hist. nat. Poissons, 14,1840: 209), sp. apparently unidentifiable.
Scarus canariensis Valenciennes, 1838, Hist. nat. Canaries, Poissons: pl. 17 (fig. 2) (Canary). Syntypes: MNHN no. A 8221, A 8222, A 8223, 1774.
Scarus cretensis: Valenciennes, 1840, in Cuv. Val., 14: 164-171 Guichenot, 1865: 7-8 Moreau, 1891: 56-57 (Nice); 1892: 374-375 Ninni, 1929: 2 p., 1 fig.
Scarus rubiginosus [Solander MS] Valenciennes, 1840, in Cuv. Val., Hist. nat. Poissons, 14: 171-175 (Madeira, Canary).
Calliodon rubiginosus Valenciennes, 1841, Règne animal, Disciples ed.: pl. 91.
Scarus mutabilis Lowe, 1841, Trans. zool. Soc. London, 2 (3): 187 (Madeira). Two syntypes: BMNH.
Scarus rubiginosus: Valenciennes, 1843, Hist. nat. Canaries, Poissons: 68-69 Guichenot, 1865: 8 (1) F. de Buen, 1935: 126 ('rubiginozus', err. typ.).
Scarus siculus Cocco, 1846, Atti. sett. Adunanza Scient. Ital., Napoli 1845: 748 (Sicily) [& 1845, MS, p. 51]
Scarus rubiginoides Guichenot, 1865, Mem. Soc. Imp. Sc. nat. Cherbourg, 11: 8-9.
Sparisoma cretensis: Jordan & Evermann, 1898, Bull. U.S. natn Mus., (47): 1627, pl. CCXLV (fig. 616-616a).
Sparisoma cretense: F. de Buen, 1935: 131 Fowler, 1936: 984-986, fig. 405 Cadenat, 1951: 257, fig. 195 Lozano Rey, 1952: 472-473, pl. XXXVII (fig. 4) Albuquerque, 1954-1956: 785-786 Sanches, 1966: 134, 1 fig.
Sparisoma flavescens: Fowler, 1936: 1315 (Funchal, Madeira) Albuquerque, 1954-1956: 786 (Madeira, fide Fowler). [Dr Maul tells me (in litt., 28-V11-69) that the only Sparisoma known in Madeira is 5. cretense.]
Euscarus cretensis: Schultz, 1958: 130, pl. 4c and 26D Bauchot & Blanc, 1961: 60 Bini, 1968, 5: 147-148, 2 col. fig. Schultz, 1969: 41 Blache et al., 1970: 351, fig. 897.
Sparidosoma (sic) cretense: Weiler, 1968: 128.


Common names:

papagaddu [It]
parrotfish [En]
perroquet [Fr]
scaros [He]
scaru[It]
scauru[It]

Parrotfish (Sparisoma cretense)