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Author: (Lowe, 1839)

Thorogobius ephippiatus (Lowe, 1839)

Diagnosis: Pelvic disc complete, with anterior membrane as deep in ventral midline as length of pelvic spinous ray, and rear edge rounded, fifth branched ray longer than fourth. Dl VI (VI-VII); D2 I + 11 (10-12); A I + 10; P 17-19 (17-20). Scales in lateral series 36-38 (33-42). Vertebrae 28. Colour: pale fawn or sandy with large orange to brick-red blotches over head and body; first dorsal fin with posterior dark blotch; males may become dark purple. Size: to 13 cm.

Habitat: inshore, in or near crevices of steep rock faces, to 40 m, usually 6-12 m; rarely in deep intertidal pools. Food: crustaceans (copepods, amphipods, decapods), polychaetes, gastropods, algae. Reproduction: May-July (Plymouth; Connemara); sexually mature at 3 or 4 years. Fecundity 2,532-12,056 at 6.1-8.8 cm. Lifespan: 9 years.

Distribution: eastern Atlantic (Scotland to Madeira and the Salvage Is.) and Mediterranean. Atlantic range now known from Sweden (Holm & Mattson, 1981) and Canaries (Miller, 1984).

Eggs, larvae and young stages. No data.
Otoliths (sagitta). Miller, 1969: 844.

Leopard-spotted goby (Thorogobius ephippiatus)