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Albuquerque, R. M. 1954-1956. Peixes de Portugal e ilhas adjacentes. Chavas para a sua determinação. Port. Acta biol., ser. B, 5: xvi+1167 pp., 445 fig.

Bath, H. 1977. Revision der Blenniini (Pisces - Blenniidae). Senckenbergiana Biol, 57 (1976) (4/6): 167-234, 78 fig.

Buen, F. de 1932. Formas ontogenicas de peces (Nota primera). Notas Resúm. Inst. esp. Oceanogr., 2 (57): 38 pp., 27 fig.

Carus, J. V. 1893. Vertebrata. 1. class. Pisces: pp. 498-711, In: Prodromus faunae Mediterraneae sive Descriptio Animalium Maris Mediterranei incolarum quam comparata silva rerum quatenus innotuit adiectis locis et nominibus vulgaribus. . . Stuttgart, 1889-1893, 2: ix+854 pp.

Cuvier, G.; Valenciennes, A. 1828-1849. Histoire naturelle des Poissons, Paris-Strasbourg, 22 vol., 11030 pp., 621 pl. (numb. 1-650).1,1828: xvi+573 pp., pl. I-VIII [author: Cuvier]; 2, 1828: xxi+490 pp., pl. 9-40 [Cuv.: pp. 1-238, pp. 249-262, pp. 387-490; Val.: pp. 238-249, pp. 262-386]; 3 April 1829: xxiii+500 pp., pl. 41-71 [Cuvier]; 4, 1829: xxvi+518 pp., pl. 72-99 [Cuvier]; 5, 1830: xxviii+499 pp., pl. 100-140 [Cuvier]; 6, 1830: xxiv+pp.559 pp., pl. 141-169 [Val.: pp. 1-425, 493-559; Cuv.: 426-491]; 7, 1831: xxix + 531 pp., pl. 170-208 [Cuv.: 1-440; Val.: pp. 441-531]; 8, 1832: xix+509 pp., pl. 209-245 [Cuv.: pp. 1-470; Val.: pp. 471-509]; 9, 1833: xxix+512 pp., pl. 246-279 [Cuv.: pp. 1-198, pp. 330-359, pp. 372-427; Val.: pp. 199-329, pp. 359-371, pp. 429-512]; 10, 1835: xxiv+482 pp., pl. 280-306 [Val.]; 11, 1836: xx+506 pp., pl. 307-343 [Val.]; 12, 1837: xxix+507 pp., pl. 344-368 [Val.]; 13, 1839: xix+505 pp., pl. 369-388 [Val.]; 14, 1840: xxii+464 pp., pl. 389-420 [Val.]; 15, 1840: xxi + 540 pp., pl. 421-455 [Val.]; 16, 1842: xx+472 pp., pl. 456-487 [Val.]; 17, 1844: xxiii+497 pp., pl. 487-519 [Val.]; 18, 1846: xix+505 pp., pl. 520-553 [Val.]; 19, 1847: xix+544 pp., pl. 554-590 [Val.]; 20, 1847: xviii+472 pp., pl. 591-606 [Val.]; 21, 1848: xiv+536 pp., pl. 607-633 [Val.]; 22, 1849: xx+532 pp., pl. 634-650 [Val.].

Day, F. 1880-1884. The Fishes of Great Britain and Ireland. London-Edinburgh, 2 vol., cxii+336 pp., 5 +7 fig., 92 pl. and 388 pp., 87 pl. 1880: 1(1): pp. 1-64, pl. I-XXVII; 1881: 1(2) (3): pp. 65-240, pl. XXVIII-LXVIII; 1882: 1(4): pp. 241-336, pl. LXIX-XCII; 2 (5): pp. 1-96, pl. XCIII-CXVI; 1883: 2 (6): pp. 97-176, pl. CXVII-CXXXII; 2 (7): pp. 177-272, pl. CXXXIII-CXLVIII; 1884: 2 (8): pp. 273-368, pl. CXLIX-CLXXIX.

Fleming, J. 1828. A history of British animals exhibiting the descriptive characters and systematical arrangements of the genera and species of quadrupeds, birds, reptiles, fishes, mollusca and radiata of the U.K.; including the indigenous, extirpated and extinct kinds, together with periodical and occasional visitants. EdinburgLondon, xxiii + 565 pp. (2nd ed., 1842, same pag.).

Fowler, H. W. 1936. The Marine Fishes of West Africa, based on the collection of the American Museum Congo Expedition 1909-1915. Bull. am. Mus. nat. Hist., 70 (1), Jan. 21, 1936: pp. vii+1-606, fig. 1-275; (2), Nov. 18, 1936: pp. 607-1493, fig. 276-567.

Gonçalves, B. C. 1941. Colecção oceanográfica de D. Carlos I. Catálogo dos peixes. Trav. Stn Biol. marit. Lisb., (46): 108 p.

Günther, A. 1861b. Catalogue of the Acanthopterygian fishes in the collection of the British Museum. 3. Gobiidae, Discoboli, Pediculati, Blenniidae, Labyrinthici, Mugilidae, Notacanthi. London, xxv+586 pp.

Helling, H. 1943. Novo catalogo dos peixes de Portugal em colecçao no Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Coimbra. Mems Estud. Mus. zool. Univ. Coimbra (1) 149: 110 p.

Jenkins, J. T. 1925. The fishes of the British Isles both fresh water and salt. London: vii + 376 p., 143 pl.

Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae, ed. X, vol. 1, 824 pp. Nantes & Pisces: pp. 230-338. (Reprint, 1956, London.)

Lowe, R. T. 1839. A supplement to a synopsis of the Fishes of Madeira. Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 7: pp. 76-92 (also publ. in Trans. zool. Soc. Lond., 1842, 3 (1): pp. 1-20).

Lowe, R. T. 1843. Notices of fishes newly observed or discovered in Madeira during the years 1840, 1841 and 1842. Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 11: pp. 81-95.

Lozano y Rey, L. 1960. Peces fisodistos. Tercera parte. Subseries Toracicos (Ordenes Equeneiformes y Gobiformes), Pediculados y Asimetricos. Mems R. Acad. Cienc. exact. fis. nat. Madr., ser.: Cienc. nat., 14: 613 pp., 173 fig., 7 pl.

Moreau, E. 1881-1891. Histoire naturelle des poissons de la France, Paris, I, 1881: pp. I-VII+1-480, fig. 1-82; II, 1881: pp. 1-572, fig. 83-145; III, 1881: pp. 1-697, fig. 146-220; Suppl., 1891: pp. 1-144, fig. 221-227.

Norman, J. R. 1943. Notes on the blennioid fishes. I. A provisional synopsis of the genera of the family Blenniidae. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (11)10 (72): pp. 793-812.

Noronha, A. C. di; Sarmento, A. A. 1948. Vertebrados da Madeira. Funchal, Junta Gen. Distr. Aut., 2: 181 pp.

Padoa, E. 1956b. Triglidae, Peristediidae, Dactylopteridae, Gobiidae, Echeneidae, Jugulares, Gobiesocidae, Heterosomata, Pediculati in Uova, larve e stadi giovanili di Teleostei. Fauna Flora Golfo Napoli, 38: pp. 627-888, fig. 504-785, pl. XXXIX-L.

Poll, M. 1947. Poissons marins in Faune de Belgique. Bruxelles, 452 pp., 267 fig., 2 pl., 2 maps n. num. (inset).

Postel, E. 1959-1960. Liste commentée des poissons signalés dans l'Atlantique tropicooriental nord, du Cap Spartel au cap Roxo, suivie d'un bref aperçu sur leur répartition bathymétrique et géographique. Bull. Soc. sci. Bretagne, 34 (1/2): 129-179 (1959); (3/4): 241-281 (1960).

Springer, V. G. 1967. The blenny name Pholis carolinus Valenciennes, a junior synonym of Blennius pholis Linnaeus. Copeia, (3): 683.

Steindachner, F. 1868a. Ichthyologischer Bericht über eine nach Spanien und Portugal untermommene Reise. Übersicht der Meeresfische an den Kusten Spanien's und Portugal's. Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien., 57 (1): 351-424, 667-738, 6 pl.

Tortonese, E. 1963c. Elenco riveduto dei Leptocardi, Ciclostomi, Pesci cartilagine e ossei del mare mediterraneo. Annali Mus. civ. Stor. nat. Giacomo Doria, 74: pp. 156-185.

Shan (Lipophrys pholis)