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*Nobre, A. 1935. Fauna marinha de Portugal. 1. Vertebrados (Mamiferos, Reptis e Peixes), Porto.: pp. Ixxxiv+1-21 (Mamiferos); pp. 1-5 (Reptis); pp. 1-574 (Peixes), pl. 1-77, phot. 1-64.

Albuquerque, R. M. 1954-1956. Peixes de Portugal e ilhas adjacentes. Chavas para a sua determinação. Port. Acta biol., ser. B, 5: xvi+1167 pp., 445 fig.

Andriashev, A. P. 1964b. Fishes of the Northern Seas of the USSR. Jerusalem, IPST, 617 p., 300 fig. (Translated from: Ryby severnykh morei SSSR. Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Moskwa-Leningrad, 1954.)

Chaine, J. 1958. Recherches sur les otolithes des Poissons. . . Bull. Cent. Étud Rech. scient. Biarritz, 2 (2): pp. 159-241, 8 pl.

Couch, J. 1867-1868. A History of the Fishes of the British Islands, 2nd Ed. London, 1, 1867: vii + 245 p., fig. n. num., col. pl. I-LVII; 2, 1867: iv + 265 pp., col. pl. LVIII CXX, 3, 1868: iv + 208 pp., col. pl. CXXI-CLXXIX; 4, 1867: iv + 439 pp., fig. n. num., col. pl. CLXXX-CCXVIII + XV, LXXVI, LXXXII, CXXIII.

Cunningham, J. T. 1891c. On some Larval Stages of Fishes. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K., 1891-92 (n.s.), 2: 68-74, pl. III-IV.

Cuvier, G. 1829. Le règne animal distribué d'après son organisation, pour servir de base à l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction à l'anatomie comparée. Nouvelle édition, Paris, 2: pp. 122-406 [March 1829].

Cuvier, G.; Valenciennes, A. 1828-1849. Histoire naturelle des Poissons, Paris-Strasbourg, 22 vol., 11030 pp., 621 pl. (numb. 1-650).1,1828: xvi+573 pp., pl. I-VIII [author: Cuvier]; 2, 1828: xxi+490 pp., pl. 9-40 [Cuv.: pp. 1-238, pp. 249-262, pp. 387-490; Val.: pp. 238-249, pp. 262-386]; 3 April 1829: xxiii+500 pp., pl. 41-71 [Cuvier]; 4, 1829: xxvi+518 pp., pl. 72-99 [Cuvier]; 5, 1830: xxviii+499 pp., pl. 100-140 [Cuvier]; 6, 1830: xxiv+pp.559 pp., pl. 141-169 [Val.: pp. 1-425, 493-559; Cuv.: 426-491]; 7, 1831: xxix + 531 pp., pl. 170-208 [Cuv.: 1-440; Val.: pp. 441-531]; 8, 1832: xix+509 pp., pl. 209-245 [Cuv.: pp. 1-470; Val.: pp. 471-509]; 9, 1833: xxix+512 pp., pl. 246-279 [Cuv.: pp. 1-198, pp. 330-359, pp. 372-427; Val.: pp. 199-329, pp. 359-371, pp. 429-512]; 10, 1835: xxiv+482 pp., pl. 280-306 [Val.]; 11, 1836: xx+506 pp., pl. 307-343 [Val.]; 12, 1837: xxix+507 pp., pl. 344-368 [Val.]; 13, 1839: xix+505 pp., pl. 369-388 [Val.]; 14, 1840: xxii+464 pp., pl. 389-420 [Val.]; 15, 1840: xxi + 540 pp., pl. 421-455 [Val.]; 16, 1842: xx+472 pp., pl. 456-487 [Val.]; 17, 1844: xxiii+497 pp., pl. 487-519 [Val.]; 18, 1846: xix+505 pp., pl. 520-553 [Val.]; 19, 1847: xix+544 pp., pl. 554-590 [Val.]; 20, 1847: xviii+472 pp., pl. 591-606 [Val.]; 21, 1848: xiv+536 pp., pl. 607-633 [Val.]; 22, 1849: xx+532 pp., pl. 634-650 [Val.].

Day, F. 1880-1884. The Fishes of Great Britain and Ireland. London-Edinburgh, 2 vol., cxii+336 pp., 5 +7 fig., 92 pl. and 388 pp., 87 pl. 1880: 1(1): pp. 1-64, pl. I-XXVII; 1881: 1(2) (3): pp. 65-240, pl. XXVIII-LXVIII; 1882: 1(4): pp. 241-336, pl. LXIX-XCII; 2 (5): pp. 1-96, pl. XCIII-CXVI; 1883: 2 (6): pp. 97-176, pl. CXVII-CXXXII; 2 (7): pp. 177-272, pl. CXXXIII-CXLVIII; 1884: 2 (8): pp. 273-368, pl. CXLIX-CLXXIX.

Donovan, E. 1802-1808. The Natural History of British Fishes including scientific and general descriptions of the most interesting species, and an extensive selcction of accurately finished coloured plates, London. 1, 1802: [1-70], pl. I-XXIV; 2, 1903: [71-164], pl. XXV-XLVIII; 3, 1804: [165-300], pl. XLIX-LXXII; 4, 1806: [301-406], pl. LXXIII-XCVI; 5, 1808: [407-516], pl. XCVIICXX.

Duncker, G.; Ladiges, W. 1960. Die Fische der Nordmark. Abh. naturw. Ver., Hamburg, N.F., 3, suppl.: pp. 1-432, 145 fig., 1 map.

Ehrenbaum, E. 1904. Eier und Larven von Fischen der deutschen Bucht, III. Fische mit festsitzenden Eiern. Wiss. Meeresunters. Abt. Kiel und Abt. Helgoland (n.s.), 6 (2): pp. 127-200, pl. III-XVI.

Ehrenbaum, E. 1905-1909. Eier und Larven von Fischen der Nordischen Planktons, Teil I, 1905, 4: iv + I 1-I 216 + iii, fig. 1-82; Teil II, 1909, 10: I 217-I 413, fig. 83-147.

Ehrenbaum, E. 1936. Naturgeschichte und wirtschaftliche Bedeutung der Seefische Nordeuropas, in Handbuch der Seefischerei N. Eur., 2: x+337 pp., 276 fig., 2 tabl., 26 pl.

Frost, G. A. 1929b. A comparative study of the otoliths of the Neopterygian Fishes (continued). Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (10) 4 (21): 257-264, pl. III.

G. J. [= Gistel, J.] 1840. On the nests of the fifteen-spines Stickleback, or Gasterosteus spinachia of Linnaeus. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., 5: pp. 148-149.

Gervais, H. F. P.; Boulart, R. 1876-1877. Les Poissons, Paris, I. Poissons d'eau douce, 1876: 232 p., fig. 1-56, pl. 1-60. II. Les Poissons de mer, 1, 1877: 299 p., fig. 1-27, pl. 1-100. III. Les Poissons de mer, 2, 1877: 292 p., fig. 1-48, pl. 1-100.

Gmelin, J. F. 1789. Pisces in Caroli a Linné, Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Ed. XIII, 1(3): pp. 1126-1516.

Gronow, L. T. 1854. Catalogue of fishes collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow, now in the British Museum. Edited from the manusaipt, by John Edward Gray, London: vii+196 pp.

Holt, E. W. L. 1899b. Recherches sur la reproduction des Poissons osseux principalement dans le Golfe de Marseille. Annls Mus. Hist. nat. Marseille, 5 (2): 128 pp., pl. 1-9 (106 fig.).

Le Danois, Ed. 1913a. Contribution à l'étude systématique et biologique des poissons de la Manche Occidentale. Annls Inst. océanogr., Monaco, 5 (5): pp. 1-124, 319 fig.

Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae, ed. X, vol. 1, 824 pp. Nantes & Pisces: pp. 230-338. (Reprint, 1956, London.)

Lozano y Rey, L. 1947. Peces Ganoideos y Fisostomos, Mems R. Acad. Cienc. exact. fis. nat. Madr., ser.: Cienc. Nat., 11: xv + 839 p., 190 fig., 20 pl.

Maclntosh, W. C.; Masterman, A. T. 1897. The life histories of the British marine food fishes, London: xv+516 pp., fig., 20 pl.

Mclntosh, W. C.; Prince, E. E. 1890. On the Development and Life-Histories of the Teleostean Food and other Fishes. Trans. R. Soc. Edinb., 35, Part III, (19): 665-944, 3 fig., pl. I-XXVIII.

Möbius, K. 1885. Über die Eigenschaften und den Ursprung der Schleimfäden des Seestichlingnestes. Arch. mikrosk. Anat. EntwMech., 25: 554563, pl. XXII.

Moreau, E. 1881-1891. Histoire naturelle des poissons de la France, Paris, I, 1881: pp. I-VII+1-480, fig. 1-82; II, 1881: pp. 1-572, fig. 83-145; III, 1881: pp. 1-697, fig. 146-220; Suppl., 1891: pp. 1-144, fig. 221-227.

Moreau, E. 1892. Manuel d'Ichthyologie française, Paris: viii+650 pp., III pl.

Muus, B. J.; Dahlström, P. 1966. Guide des Poissons de Mer et Peche. Delachaux & Niestlé: 244 pp., num. fig.

Pennant, T. 1812. British Zoology, vol. III, Reptiles, Fishes. 5th ed. Chester, viii+546 pp., 85 pl. (other ed.: 1766, 1769, 1776, 1776-1777).

Poll, M. 1947. Poissons marins in Faune de Belgique. Bruxelles, 452 pp., 267 fig., 2 pl., 2 maps n. num. (inset).

Prince, E. E. 1885. On the Nest and Development of Gastrosteus spinachia at the St. Andrews Marine Laboratory. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (5),16: 487-496, pl. XIV.

Retzius, M. G. 1881. Das Gehörorgan der Wirbelthiere. I. Das Gehörorgan der Fische u. Amphibien, Stockholm: xi+222 p., 2 fig., 35 pl.

Smitt, F. A. 1893-1895. (ed.) A history of Scandinavian fishes, Stockholm and Paris, Atlas, I, 1893, pl. i-xxvii.

Wheeler, A. 1969. The Fishes of the British Isles and North-West Europe. Macmillan, London, Melbourne and Toronto: pp. i-xvii+1-163, 5+177 fig., 392 fig. (princ. sp.), 92 n. num. fig., 16 pl., maps.

Yarrell, W. 1836-1839. A History of British fishes, illustrated by nearly 400 wood-cuts, in two volumes, London, 1836,1: xxxvii+408 pp., 2: 472 pp., fig. n. num.; 1839, supplement: vi+48 pp., fig. (2nd ed., 1841, with suppl.; 3rd ed., 1859, additional species by J. Richardson, 1: xxxviii+675 pp., 2: 670 pp., 522 fig.).

Fifteenspined stickleback (Spinachia spinachia)