Author: Maul, 1952
Argyripnus atlanticus Maul, 1952
Diagnosis: body fusiform; mouth large, oblique; pseudobranch present; gillrakers on first arch 17-19 + 5-7 = 22-26; branchiostegal rays 10, 3 on epihyal. Dorsal finrays 11-12 (rarely 13) followed by a dorsal adipose fin; pectoral finrays (16) 17-19; pelvic finrays 6-7; anal finrays 22-26 (27), its origin below first few dorsal finrays or slightly anterior to dorsal fin origin. Vertebrae 45-46. Swimbladder well developed, gas-filled, euphysoclistous. Scales present, deciduous. Photophores (adult): ORB 1, BR (6), OP 3, IP (6), PV (10), VAV-ACI (2428), AC2 (5), AC3 (17-18), OA 7 (often fused into 2 or 3 groups). Size: to 71 mm SL.
Habitat: demersal off oceanic islands and banks at 203-475 m; holotype caught at surface at night. Food: unidentified crustaceans. Reproduction: dioecious; spawning season unknown but post-larvae, 17-19 mm SL, taken in July. Adult photophore complement acquired at about 43 mm mm SL.
Distribution: in eastern North Atlantic, recorded from Madeira (type locality), Grand Meteor Bank, Fuerteventura, Endeavour Bank.
Eggs, larvae and young stages: unknown; see Grey, 1964: 210.
Otoliths (sagitta). No data.