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Andriashev, A. P.1964b. Fishes of the Northern Seas of the USSR. Jerusalem, IPST, 617 p., 300 fig. (Translated from: Ryby severnykh morei SSSR. Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Moskwa-Leningrad, 1954.)

Bigelow, H. B.; Schroeder, W. C. 1953a. Fishes of the western North Atlantic. Sawfishes, Guitarfishes, Skates and Rays; Chimaeroids. Mem. Sears Found. Mar. Res., New Haven, 1(2): xv+588 p., 127 fig.

Clark, R. S.1926. Rays and Skates, a revision of the european species. Fisheries, Scotland, Scient. Invest., (1) :1-66, fig. 1-42, pl. 1-36.

Clark, R. S.1929-32. Selachii, Raiidae. In: L. Joubin, ed., Faune ichthyol. Atl. N., CIEM, Copenhagen: fiches 34bis-57.

Collett, R.1879. Fiske fra Nordhavs-Expeditionens sidste Togt, Sommeren 1878. Forh. Vidensk. Selsk. Krist., 1878 [1879], (14) :1-106.

Ehrenbaum, E. 1936. Naturgeschichte und wirtschaftliche Bedeutung der Seefische Nordeuropas, in Handbuch der Seefischerei N. Eur., 2: x+337 p., 276 fig., 2 tabl., 26 pl.

Garman, S. 1899. Reports on a exploration off the west coasts of Mexico, Central and South America, and off the Galapagos Islands in charge of Alexander Agassiz, by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer 'Albatross' during 1891, Lieut. Commander Z. L. Tanner, U.S.A. commanding. XXVI. The Fishes. Mem. Mus. comp. Zool. Harv., 24 :1-431, 97 pl., I map.

Günther, A.1887. Report on the Deep-sea Fishes collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76. Challenger Reports, Zool., 22: Ixv+268 p., 7 fig., 66 pl.

Garman, S. 1913. The Plagiostomia (Sharks, Skates, and Rays). Mem. Mus. comp. Zool. Harv., 36: xiii+528 p., 77 pl.

Jensen, A. S.1914. The Selachians of Greenland. Mindeskr. Japetus Steenstrups Føds, 2 (30): 1-40, 12 fig., 1 pl.

Jensen, A. S.1948. Contribution to the ichthyofauna of Greenland 8-24. Spolia. zool Mus. haun., 9 :1-182, 26 fig., 4 pl.

Lütken, C. F.1898. The ichthyological results. Dan. Ingolf-Exped , 2 (1) :1-38, 2 fig. n. num., pl. I-IV, 1 map.

Smitt, F. A. 1893-95. (ed.) A history of Scandinavian fishes, Stockholm and Paris, Atlas, I, 1893, pl. i-xxvii.

Stehmann, M. 1970. Vergleichend morphologische und anatomische Untersuchungen zur Neuordnung der Systematik der nordostatlantischen Rajidae (Chondrichthyes, Batoidei). Arch. FischWiss., 21(2): 73-163,1 fig., pl. 1-27.

Thielemann, M. 1922. Untersuchungsfahrt des Reichsforschungsdampfers 'Poseidon' in das Barentsmeer im Juni und Juli 1913. Die Fische :186-228, 3 fig., 6 maps, pl. XLIV-XCVII. (Arbeiten der Deutschen wissenschaftlichen Kommission fur die internationale Meeresforschung. B. aus der Biologischen Anstalt auf Helgoland no. 28.) Wiss. Meeres Unters. Abt. Kiel und Abt. Helgoland, 13 (2), 1921[1922].

Arctic skate (Raja hyperborea)