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Author: Lowe, 1843

Cytopsis roseus Lowe, 1843

Diagnosis: body deep, strongly compressed; head deep, serrations present on bony ridge above eye; mouth large and very protractile, with small granular teeth in jaws. Pectoral fins short, pelvic fins at least twice as long, with 9-10 finrays (first not spinous), dorsal fin with VII-VIII + 26-30 finrays, the tips of the spinous finrays without long filaments; anal fin with I-II + 27-30 finrays. Body covered with small, cycloid, deciduous scales; scutes present on belly, the larger ones bearing spines; a row of low bony ridges or lumps along bases of soft dorsal and anal fins. Colour: back and belly deep pink or red, flanks silvery; pelvic fins black with white or pale finrays, other fins tinged pink or hyaline. Size: to 30 cm SL.

Habitat: deep midwater or near the bottom, at 250-600 m (mainly 400-600 m), schooling. Food: other fishes and swimming decapod crustaceans. Reproduction: in spring (tropical waters of eastern Atlantic).

Distribution: southward from north-western Spain to Morocco. Elsewhere, common from Morocco to Cape Blanc, south to southern Africa, also western Atlantic, India and Japan.

Eggs, larvae and young stages. No data.
Otoliths (sagitta). No data.

Red dory (Cyttopsis roseus)