Home|Search|Identify|Taxonomic tree|Quiz|About this site|Feedback
Developed by ETI BioInformatics
Characteristics, distribution and ecology
Taxonomische classification
Synonyms and common names
Literature references
Images, audio and video
Distribution map
Links to other Web sites

Author: Linnaeus, 1766

Liparis liparis Linnaeus, 1766

Diagnosis: Lindberg (1973) listed the holotype as LS no. 26-27 from Gunther (1899). Prior to that Wheeler (1958) redescribed a fish skin which he believed to be the type specimen. Preliminary observations suggest that there may be more than one species referred to as L. liparis and thus it is presently difficult to offer a resolution to the problem. Members of this complex can be separated from L. fabricii and L. montagui by the following: peritoneum pale; teeth trilobed; anal finrays 27-36; anal fin overlaps one-quarter to one-half of caudal fin.

Habitat: benthic in depths from subtidal to less than 300 m. Food: primarily crustaceans, especially shrimp, crabs and amphipods, occasionally fishes and polychaetes. Reproduction: eggs benthic, 1.4 1.7 mm diameter; spawning occurs from December to March in the southern portion of the range and in spring in the north; larvae are pelagic.

Distribution: Liparis liparis barbatus—Baltic Sea; L. liparis liparis—southern Norway north to Barents Sea including Novaya Zemlya, Spitsbergen and Bear I., also Iceland: L. Iiparis bathyarcticus- northern Norway to the Barents Sea including Novaya Zemlya and Spitzbergen, also at Jan Mayen I. Unspecified Liparis liparis also from east coast of Greenland, around the British Isles, in the North Sea and from Franz Josef Land.

Eggs, larvae and young stages. No data.
Otoliths (sagitta). No data.

Subspecies

Liparis liparis barbatus: head small (23.1-25.3% TL), pectoral fins long (20.0 24.7% TL).
Eggs, larvae and young stages. No data.
Otoliths (sagitta). No data.

Liparis liparis bathyarcticus: head large (25.7-28.5% TL), pectoral fins long (20.5-23.4% TL).
Eggs, larvae and young stages. No data.
Otoliths (sagitta). No data.

Liparis liparis liparis: head small (22.7 25.8% TL), pectoral fins short (15.7-19.4% TL).

Sea snail (Liparis liparis)