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Author: Johnson, 1862

Setarches guentheri Johnson, 1862

Common synonyms: none.

Common names: Deepwater scorpionfish (En), Rascasse serran (Fr), Rascacio serrano (Sp).

Diagnosis: head cavernous with weak ossification; top of head scaleless; second preopercular spine subequal to or longer than first and third preopercular spines; anteriormost preorbital spine as long as the posterior two. Dorsal fin with 12 spines and 10 rays; anal fin with 3 spines and 4-6 (rarely) rays; pectoral fin with 20-25 rays. Body covered with very tiny cycloid scales. Colour: greyish or pinkish. Size: to 20 cm, usually to 8 cm.

Habitat: offshore species, living on or near the bottom at 180-700 m. Food: no data. Reproduction: no data.

Distribution: in the Clofnam area, Madeira and Morocco. Elsewhere southward to South Africa throughout the Gulf of Guinea, Cape Verde Is., in the western Atlantic from 39°57' N to northern Brazil; in the Pacific Ocean, Japan, Western Australia, Fiji, Hawaii, Indo-Australian Archipelago and the Philippines; in the Indian Ocean, from Natal to Zanzibar, western coast of India, Sri Lanka, Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea. This species is the most widely distributed scorpaenid.

Eggs, larvae and young stages. No data.
Otoliths (sagitta). No data.

Deepwater scorpionfish (Setarches guentheri)