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Author: Linnaeus, 1758

Pleuronectes platessa Linnaeus, 1758

Diagnosis: dorsal finrays 65-79, anal finrays 48-59. Lateral line scales 88-115. Colour: see genus. Size: to about 100 cm SL, seldom more than 35-40 cm.

Habitat: on mixed bottoms, from a few metres to about 100 m, the older the deeper the occurrence. Food: mainly thin-shelled molluscs and polychaetes. Reproduction: spawns when the temperature is about 6 °C. Commercial importance: the most important flatfish for fisheries in Europe.

Distribution: western Mediterranean (occurrences in the eastern Mediterranean doubtful) and along European coasts to White Sea; occasionally off Greenland.

Eggs, larvae and young stages. Ehrenbaum, 1905: 156 161 | Norman, 1934: 351 (references) | Wimpenny, 1953:passim | Padoa, 1956: 832-834.
Otoliths (sagitta). Schmidt, 1968: 61.

Plaice (Pleuronectes platessa)