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Author: Rafinesque, 1810

Callanthias ruber Rafinesque, 1810

Diagnosis: body slender, its depth more than three times in standard length. D XI + 10-11, soft part much higher than spinous part; A III + 9-10; pelvic fins rather short; caudal fin lobes much elongated, filamentous. Lateral line incomplete, ending a little behind dorsal fin, with 24-26 scales. Colour: pink-red, fins largely yellow. Size: to 20 cm.

Habitat: rocks, muddy bottoms, submarine caves at depths from 50 to 500 m. Food: carnivorous. Reproduction: probably protogynous, ripe in December-January (Mediterranean).

Distribution: eastern Atlantic from Morocco northward to the English Channel (occasional) and around Madeira and the Azores, also Mediterranean. Elsewhere, southward to Mauritania and the Canaries.

Eggs, larvae and young stages. Fage, 1918: 33, fig. 21-23 | Sparta, 1932b: 1-8, 9 fig. | Bertolini, 1933: 323, fig. 253-255, pl. 20 (fig. 6).
Otoliths (sagitta). Sanz Echeverría, 1931: 371, pl. 2 (fig. 8).

Parrot sea perch (Callanthias ruber)