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Author: Rafinesque-Schmaltz, 1810

Gymnammodytes cicerelus Rafinesque-Schmaltz, 1810

Diagnosis: ventrolateral skin-folds extending well beyond pectoral fins to anus. Dorsal rays 56-59; anal rays 27-31. Lateral line branched. Vertebrae 66-67 (mode 66). Colour: back blue-grey, belly silvery; head usually dark. Size: to 17 cm SL.

Habitat: inshore to 15 m depth. Food: probably plankton. Reproduction: winter spawner.

Distribution: Mediterranean (northern coasts only(?)) and Black Sea, overlapping with G. semisquamatus in the western Mediterranean.

Eggs, larvae and young stages. Fage, 1918: 17, fig. 5-7 | Padoa, 1956b: 709-711, fig. 612-614 | Banarescu, 1964, fig. 349.
Otoliths (sagitta). Bauzá-Rullán, 1960a: 97, pl. III (34-36).

Mediterranean sand-eel (Gymnammodytes cicerelus)