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Author: Cuvier, 1829

Sphyraena viridensis Cuvier, 1829

Diagnosis: body oblong, jaws elongate, lower jaw projecting; strong canine-like teeth; gillrakers absent. No scales on posterior margin of preopercle, posterior edge rounded. Pelvic fins inserted below first dorsal fin; tips of pectoral fins not reaching pelvic fins. Lateral line with 137-140 scales, 19-21 scales above lateral line, 36-37 before first dorsal fin origin. Colour: dark above, silvery below; in fresh Mediterranean specimens dark bars across upper half of body, extending anteriorly slightly below lateral line. Size: to 65 cm SL, usually 30-40 cm.

Habitat: water column, usually in pelagic zone, smaller fish in shallow waters. Food: fish, cephalopods and crustaceans. Reproduction: no data. Commercial importance: caught in small quantities in trammel-nets and beach-seines (Mediterranean Levant).

Distribution: reported from Mediterranean coast of Israel (Ben-Tuvia, 1971) and from Lebanon (as Sphyraena sp.—George et al., 1971). Elsewhere, Cape Verde and the Canaries. Probably of wider distribution, but likely to be confused with the closely related S. sphyraena.

Yellowmouth barracuda (Sphyraena viridensis)