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Author: Risso, 1810

Gobius auratus Risso, 1810

Diagnosis: lateral line system with sub-orbital row d in two parts, row x1 ending anteriorly behind pore b, and pore a behind eye on course of oculoscapular canal. Nape scaled, cheek naked. Anterior nostril with triangular lappet. Pectoral free rays moderately developed. Pelvic disc deeply emarginate, with anterior membrane reduced, not more than one-fifth length of spinous ray in midline depth. Dl VI; D2 I + 14-15 (14-16); A I + 14; P 19-20 (18-20). Scales in lateral series 47 (44-50). Colour: body with dark reticulation, gold flecks and mottling below; 5 lateral midline blotches more or less evident below second dorsal fin; head with 2 dark cheek spots, and geniohyoid spots; pectoral dark mark deeper than long, its posterior edge pale. Size: to 10 cm.

Habitat: inshore, among and under stones. Food: no data. Reproduction: no data.

Distribution: eastern Atlantic, from northern Spain to Madeira and the Canaries; Mediterranean.

Eggs, larvae and young stages. Holt, 1891b: 441, pl. 47 (fig. 12) | Petersen, 1891: 1, pl. Ia (fig. 1-3), pl. 1b (fig. 46) | Raffaele, 1898: 330 | Ehrenbaum & Strodmann, 1904: 108, fig. 13 | Lo Bianco, 1909: 717 | Petersen, 1917: 8, pl. | (fig. 1-6); 1919: 54, pl. | (fig. 20-22), pl. 2 (fig. 13-14) | Lebour, 1919: 74, pl. 4, (fig. 24) | Sparta, 1934b: 1, fig. 1-7 | Padoa, 1953: 665, fig. 550-559 | Vodjanitzki & Kazanova, 1954: fig. 60 (3 fig.) | Ballard, 1969: 1, fig. 1-6.
Otoliths (sagitta). Retzius, 1881: 64, pl. X (fig. 1-2) | Koken, 1884: 540, pl. X (fig. 12) | Fryd, 1901: 23 | Scott, 1906: 58, pl. IIB (fig. 19-20), pl. V (fig. 6) | Sanz Echeverría, 1928: 157, fig. 21 | Werner, 1928: 524, 572, fig. 17 | Frost, 1929a: 126, pl. II (fig. 1) | Bauzá-Rullán, 1960b: 57-58, 61, pl. VI (fig. 34-38), pl. VII (fig. 45-47).

Golden goby (Gobius auratus)