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Author: Rafinesque-Schmaltz, 1810

Callionymus maculatus Rafinesque-Schmaltz, 1810

Diagnosis: eye in head 2.0-2.7. Preopercular spine formula 1 2/- 1 (see fig), strong antrorse spine at base. Dl IV; D2 9 (rarely 8 or 10); A 9 (rarely 8 or 10). Colour: light brown, with dark and silvery spots. Second dorsal in males with 4 horizontal rows of dark spots, in females with 2 rows. Size: to 16 cm (males), 10 cm (females).

Habitat: benthic, sandy bottoms, at 45-650 m. Food: small bottom invertebrates, mainly worms, snails and crustaceans. Reproduction: April-August (North Sea), January-August (Mediterranean); eggs and larvae pelagic.

Distribution: whole Mediterranean including Adriatic and Aegean, but not in the Black Sea; in Atlantic, southern and western Iceland and Norway south to Senegal.

Eggs, larvae and young stages. Ehrenbaum, 1905, 1: 106-108, fig. 47 | Fage, 1918: 132-138, fig. 99-100 | Padoa, 1956b: 703-705, fig. 600-602.
Otoliths (sagitta). Chaine, 1938b: 107, pl. XI | Weiler, 1968: 130.

Spotted dragonet (Callionymus maculatus)