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Author: (Valenciennes, 1836)

Lipophrys trigloides (Valenciennes, 1836)

Diagnosis: dorsal finrays XII + 16-17; anal finrays II + 18; pectoral finrays 13; pelvic finrays I + 3. Highly developed lateral line system with many pores on head. Colour: basic coloration mostly olive-greyish (dependent on colour of substrate), 5-6 vertical bars from bases of dorsal fin onto side of body. Spawning males dark brownish. Size: to 13 cm.

Habitat: surf zone of rocky littoral area, preferring crevices and troughs in steep walls. Behaviour: night active, also during the day in the spawning season. Food: mussels and other benthic invertebrates; also algae. Reproduction: February-May.

Distribution: Mediterranean, Sea of Marmara and from mouth of Gironde southwards to Senegal. Elsewhere, off Madeira, the Canaries and Concarneau (Brittany).

Eggs, larvae and young stages. Emery, 1883: 415, pl. 29 | De Buen, 1932 :17, fig. 9 | Padoa, 1956: 731-732, pl. 43 (fig. 5-8).
Otoliths (sagitta). No data.

Lipophrys trigloides