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Author: (Forsskål, 1775).

Sargocentron rubrum (Forsskål, 1775).

Diagnosis: a strong preopercular and two smaller opercular spines. Gillrakers 6-7 + 10-12. D XI + 12-14 (usually 13); A IV + 8-9 (usually 9). Scales large and spiny, 34-39 in lateral line, 3/6.5 in transversal line. Colour: in fresh specimens body and fins red; in fresh and preserved specimens 7-9 dark longitudinal stripes and edge of spiny dorsal and caudal fins blackish. Size: to 22 cm SL, usually 13-21 cm.

Habitat: inshore waters, mostly on rocky grounds at 10-50 m depth. Food: feeds at night on invertebrates, mostly benthic decapods, exceptionally on small fish. Reproduction: June-August (Golani & BenTuvia, in press).

Distribution: eastern Mediterranean, known from Turkey (Izmir), Greece, Lebanon, Israel. A Suez Canal immigrant, distributed widely in Indo-Pacific, from Red Sea to Japan, Indonesia, Australia and Samoa.

Eggs, larvae and young stages. No data.
Otoliths (sagitta). No data.

Red soldier fish (Sargocentron rubrum)