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Author: (Bonnaterre, 1788)

Centrophorus squamosus (Bonnaterre, 1788)

Diagnosis: upper teeth erect at the centre third of jaw but not symmetrical; lower teeth with finely serrated cutting edges. Inner corner of pectoral fin quadrate to only slightly extended. First dorsal fin height and base length (measured from anterior spine origin) 3.7-5.4 and 6.60-9.9% TL; first dorsal fin lower than second. Denticles on sides of body close-set and overlapping, leaf-like with a stalk bearing a sub-ovoid blade with a high median ridge and a small lateral ridge on each side. Colour: uniform dark grey. Size: to about 142 cm.

Habitat: benthic but occasionally mesopelagic over the slope, 400 to 1,875 m but rarely below 1,000 m. Food: no data. Reproduction: no data.

Distribution: the Azores, Madeira and Morocco northward to the Faroes and Iceland. Elsewhere, southward to Senegal; also west coast of South Africa, New Zealand, the Philippines and Japan.

Complementary iconography. Rasmussen & Dannevig in Rollefsen et al., 1960: 75, pl. 190.

Leafscale gulper shark (Centrophorus squamosus)