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Stylocheiron robustum Brinton, 1962

Etymology: Stylocheiron - a column/hand; robustum - strong, robust

Eye: The width of the upper lobe is approximately equal to that of the widest part of the lower lobe, (~0.8:1.0) (S. robustum eye & rostrum). There is a constriction separating the 2 lobes. There are no enlarged crystalline cones.

Peduncle of 1st Antenna: As in generic diagnosis in Higher Taxa (S. robustum lappet lacking).

Rostrum: The frontal plate is produced as a slender rostrum reaching to or beyond the anterior margin of the eyes (S. robustum eye & rostrum).

Carapace: The gastric region is domed and bears a small keel anteriorly (S. robustum).

Thoracic legs: The 3rd thoracic leg is elongated and bears a true chela (Stylocheiron-elongated legs) in which the elongate dactyl segment is distally curved and bears a cluster of small grasping teeth. The dactyl segment is opposed by a slender hook of similar length extending from the propodus.

Abdomen: There are no mid-dorsal keels. Length : height of the 6th segment is about 1.7 (S. robustum).

Length: Adults are 13-18 mm.

Petasma: The terminal process bends sharply outward distally, ending acutely. The proximal process is longer than the terminal, and the distal 1/3 is relatively slender, ending sub-acutely. The lateral process is slender, acute and 1/4-1/2 as long as the proximal process (S. robustum petasma).

Thelycum: Described by Costanzo and Guglielmo, 1991.

Comments: The stout appearance of the thorax and the abdominal segments and particularly the short 6th segment are characteristic. S. robustum is a member of the "S. maximum group", along with S. maximum and S. abbreviatum. These 3 species are the only members of the Stylocheiron genus that have elongated 3rd legs that terminate in true chelae in which the dactylus articulates against a branch of the propodus.

S. robustum occurs in the North and South Pacific, the Indian Ocean, and the North and South Atlantic Ocean including the Gulf of Mexico (S. robustum distribution). It is found in the middle parts of the central water mass regions and the western tropical Pacific, --all particularly oligotrophic areas.

The adults have been caught above 280 m.


Stylocheiron robustum